EXAKTA VX 1000
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We are delighted that you have chosen an EXAKTA and we wish you every success with your new camera.
We would like to advise you, however, to read this instruction manual carefully before you start using your camera. in this way you will obtain the greatest possible service from it,
since you will eliminate from the outset the possibility of operating it incorrectly, and possibly damaging the mechanism. The EXAKTA is a high-quality precision instrument which can naturally only be expected to answer all your requirements when it is always handled correctly.4.butkus.org
The important operating controls of the EXAKTA VX 1000
|1. Knob for opening the camera back with
film-type reminder disc
2. Camera-back lock
3. Shutter-release knob
4. Pivoted shutter-release lock
5. Eyelets for carrying strop or Frame counter
6. Frame counter
7. Catch for interchanging the focusing systems
8. Rapid-wind lever for tensioning shutter and advancing film
9. Rewind declutching button
10. Small shutter-speed setting knob (for speeds from 1/30 sec. to 1/1000 sec., T and B)
11. Friction dog of rapid-wind lever
12. Flash contact "X" (primarily for electronic flash units)
13. Finder Hood
Click here for REAR VIEW
15. Swing-up focusing magnifier
16. Handle for swinging the focusing magnifier
17. Lever for opening the Finder Hood
18. Large shutter-speed setting knob (for speeds from 1/8 sec. to 12 seconds and also for delayed action at 1/4 sec. to 6 seconds)
20. Indicator disc for checking film advance
21. Camera-back hinge
22. Flash contact "FP" (for flashbulbs)
23. Red aligning dot on camera (for changing lenses)
24. Depth-of-field scale or automatic depth of-field indicator
25. Distance-setting (focusing) ring
26. Aperture-setting ring
27. Release mechanism for lenses with fully automatic aperture (release knob or release rocker)
| 29. Red aligning dot on lens
30. Lens locking lever
31. Flash contact "F" (for flashbulbs)
32. Take-up spool with blue pin
33. Chamber for take-up spool or cassette
34. Film-wind sprocket
35. Film-guide runners
36. Film gate with blind of focal-plane shutter
37. Film-cutting knife
38. Knob of film-cutting knife
39. Rewind crank
41. Chamber for cassette containing unexposed film
42. Non-detachable hinged camera back
43. Exchangeable film-pressure plate
44. Tripod bush
45. Penta Prism
46. Eyepiece of Penta Prism
|Preparations for use
The Finder Hood (13) is opened by pressing on the lever (17). To close the hood, press the front (14) backwards until it locks. The focusing magnifier (15) can be swung into either the working or rest position by means of handle (16). For further information on the use of the Finder Hood see page 34.4.butkus.org
Swing the shutter-release lock (h) out of the way, then release the shutter either by pressing directly on the shutter-release knob (3) or indirectly by depressing the release knob or rocker arm (27) on the lens. When you have finished taking pictures, swing the shutter-release lock (4) so that it covers the shutter-release knob (3), making shutter release impossible, thus avoiding unintentional exposures.
Loading and changing the film must not take place in direct sunlight! The EXAKTA VX 1000 uses standard 35 mm miniature film, in cassettes of 20 or 36 exposures, to make negatives 24mm x 36 mm. Perfect film transport requires faultless film cassettes. Daylight loading spools should only be inserted in cassettes made by the same manufacturers.
1. Depress camera-back lock (2) downwards. Open hinged camera back.
|2. Pull out the rewind crank (39) by means of its knob.
|3. Insert the cassette
|4. Remove the take-up spool (32) from the chamber (33). Push the beginning of the film under the clamping spring of the take-up spool and wrap one half turn round the core of the spool.|
|5. Replace the take-up spool (32) in the film chamber (33) and turn it slightly in the wind-on direction so that the friction dog (11) of the rapid wind lever couples with the bar inside the spool core and allows the spool to be pushed right home into the chamber (33).|
|6. Swing the rapid-wind lever (8) right up to its stop (if necessary first releasing the shutter). These two processes may have to be repeated until the teeth of the film-wind sprocket (34) engage with the perforation holes on both sides of the film.|
|7. the correctly inserted film runs from the full cassette as tightly as possible over the film-guide runners (35) into the somewhat deeper lying film track and over the film-wind sprocket (34) on to the take-up spool (32).|
|8. Closing the camera: This should be done by pressing the back lightly home until an audible click is heard.|
|9. Expose two blank frames to wind on the fogged leader-length at the beginning of the film: release and swing the rapid-wind lever (8) as far as it will go. Once again: release and swing the rapid-wind lever (8) as far as it will go.|
|10. Setting frame counter (6). Turn the disc of the frame counter (6) with the index finger to the left (anti-clockwise), until, when using a film with 36 exposures the figure "36", or when using a film with 20 exposures the figure "20" appears in the center of the window. The EXAKTA VX 1000 is now ready for action, and the frame counter will indicate after each exposure the number of unexposed frames still left on the film in the camera. To check the film transport observe indicator disc (20): the disc with its black-white mark orates, when the spool of the film-feeding cassette is revolving.|
|11. When film is loaded, immediately set the film-type reminder disc in the back-opening knob (1) and the film-sensitivity reminder disc (19) as a reminder of the type of film that is in the camera. Both discs may be turned in either direction, until the appropriate reference is opposite the red dot, or, in the case of the film-sensitivity disc, opposite the black triangle. The film-type symbols have the following meaning:|
Using a take-up cassette
In place of the take-up spool (32), an empty standard-type film cassette may be placed in the take-up chamber (33). Take care to check the condition of this take-up cassette thoroughly: the core should move easily within the shell of the cassette and must not jam (if necessary the friction point of the cassette core may be lubricated by rubbing them with paraffin wax). When using a take-up cassette proceed as follows: attach the leader tongue of the film to the core of the cassette spool, ensuring that the bar in the core of the spool is on the right as the spool is turned away from the body, and insert the cassette so that the friction dog (11) of the rapid-wind lever (8) engages with the bar in the core of the spool. Then check that the film is pulled taut between the two cassettes, and is lying correctly between the guides, against the register rails in the deeper channel.
|It is not necessary to trim the beginning of the film specially. Any shape of leader can be used with the take-up spool of the EXAKTA VX 1000, either the narrow tongue provided on standard
commercial cassettes, or, even better, a straight cut-across end as obtained when cutting lengths of film from bulk rolls. When employing a take-up cassette the film must be trimmed to suit the
core of the cassette spool.
For changing film, refer to page 41.4.butkus.org
|Operating the shutter
1. The shutter is tensioned and the film wound on by operating the rapid-wind lever (8). This lever should always be swung right up to its stop, and will then spring back of its own accord. (The fast returning lever should be restrained gently with the thumb.) The tensioning of the shutter and the transportation of the film ore coupled (avoiding unintentional double exposures and blank frames). It is impossible to release the shutter before it has been fully tensioned and the film wound on. Never force the rapid-wind lever back from any intermediate point in its travel.
Should the lever not spring back automatically when the camera is empty, the back (42) should be opened and the film-wind sprocket(34) turned a little towards the exposed-film chamber (33). The rapid-wind lever (8) should be gently nudged during this operation.
|2. The reflex image in the viewfinder (Finder Hood, Penta Prism or Lens Magnifier) will be visible even after the shutter has been released. (Instant return mirror.) The red warning signal in the reflex image indicates that the camera is not yet ready for action, and that the rapid-wind lever (8) must be cocked before the shutter is ready for release (see illustration: reflex image seen through Penta Prism).|
|3. Shutter speeds from 1/1000 sec. to 1/30 sec. can safely be employed without the use of a tripod. For exposure times of 1/8 sec. and longer, including delayed action exposures, the camera should be
firmly supported (on a table, against a wall) or on a tripod.
|For all exposure times of 1/8 sec. or longer, or exposures using the delayed action, lenses having automatic diaphragms should be set to manual in order to avoid premature opening of the aperture. When using the Domiplan 2.8/50 lens, a cable release with a long plunger and time-exposure lock, or the special locking knob (available as an accessory) should be employed for the release rocker. For more information regarding this, see the detailed description of lenses on pages 28-31.|
|Cable releases (with long plunger) may be screwed into the shutter release knob (3) on the camera or into the release mechanism on the lens (27). This is particularly important when using shutter speeds of 1/8 second and slower, and virtually indispensable when employing the B setting. See page 21.|
Selection of exposure times from
1/1000 sec. to/3o sec. (without delayed action)
|The figures represent fractions of seconds: for example 30 = 1/30 sec, 125 = 1/125 sec. Intermediate speeds cannot be set.|
Shutter speeds from 1/8 sec. to 12 sec. (without delayed action)
Read also the instructions of page 18! Tension the shutter. Set the small shutter-speed setting knob (10) to T or B. Turn the large shutter-speed setting knob (18) in a clockwise direction until it stops; this tensions the speed-regulating mechanism. Then lift the outer ring of the shutter-speed setting knob (18) turn it until the yellow mark is opposite the desired black speed value and then let the outer ring spring back. The small figures 8, 4 and 2 signify fractions of seconds, e. g. 1/8 1/4 and 1/2 sec. The larger figures from I to 12 represent whole seconds (3 seconds Is represented by a dot). After a fairly brief exposure (e. g. '/s sec.) has been used, the speed-regulating mechanism will be only slightly run down; despite this, it should always be wound right up by turning the knob as far as it will go.
|Time exposures of any desired length (without delayed action)
Read also the instructions on page 18! Select T or B on the small shutter speed knob (10) by lifting the knob and rotating it in the direction of the arrow until the required setting (B or T) is opposite the red dot on the center disc. Then allow the knob (10) to spring back.4.butkus.org
|B: the shutter will remain open so long as pressure is maintained upon the shutter-release knob (3) or on the release mechanism of the lens. T: the shutter will open when the release knob (3) or the release mechanism on the lens is operated and will close again upon a second pressure. The B and T settings are very important for taking night and indoor exposures.|
|Setting of shutter speeds from 1/1000
sec. to 1/30 sec. (using the delayed action)
Refer to the instructions on page 18! Tension the shutter. Select the desired shutter speed on the small shutter-speed knob (10), e. g. 1/125 sec.
|Rotate the large shutter-speed knob (18) clockwise as far as it will go, and set it to any of the red figures as described on page 20.|
|Red figures represent delayed-action exposures with which the shutter opens approximately 12 seconds after pressing the release.|
|Selection of shutter speeds from 1/4 to 6 seconds, using the delayed action
Refer to the instructions on page18. Tension the shutter. Set the small shutter- speed setting knob (10) to T or B. Turn the large shutter-speed setting knob (18) as far as it will go in a clockwise direction, as described on page 20, and select the desired red exposure time, e. g. 1/2 sec.
|The smaller figures 4 and 2 represent fractions of seconds, i.e.
1/4 sec. and
1/2 sec., large figures
from 1 to 6 represent whole seconds. (The dot 3 seconds.)
|Red figures represent delayed-action exposures with which the shutter opens approximately 12 seconds after pressing the release.|
|Intentional double exposures
With the EXAKTA VX 1000, it is not possible for unintentional double exposures to occur. It is, however, possible to take double exposures on purpose (e. g. for trick photography). After the first exposure, the shutter can be re-tensioned without winding on the film as follows: turn the small shutter-speed setting knob (10) as far as it will travel in the direction of the arrow, without lifting it; the knob should be held to prevent it from springing back.
|Operating the lens
1. The aperture value (f/No) is selected by means of the aperture-setting ring (26). Turn this ring until the desired f/No on the aperture scale is opposite the mark. For instructions on operating
the diaphragm mechanism, see the sections dealing with the various lenses on page 28
onwards. The smaller aperture numbers e. g. f 2, 2.8, 4,
indicate relatively large diaphragm openings: permit brief exposures, but give only shallow depth of field. The larger aperture
numbers. e.g. 16, 22, indicate relatively small diaphragm
2. The lens is focused by turning the distance-setting ring (25) and observing the definition of the reflex image in the viewfinder. The lower values on the distance scale indicate
meters, whilst the larger
values above them represent feet. All distances are measured from the back of the camera to the subject. When the image of the subject in the reflex viewfinder attains us sharpest definition, then
the correct camera-subject distance in feet or meters will be in line with the red setting mark. For further information on using the fresnel lens (with micro-prism field) see page 38.
When focusing the reflex image use the maximum aperture of the lens (i. e. smallest f/No) to obtain the most brilliant image, and then stop down just before the exposure. It is not necessary to take the camera from your eye, since all the lenses are equipped with fully-automatic spring or pressure diaphragms. For more detailed information see the descriptions of the lenses on page 28 onwards.
|Reading off the depth of field
When the depth of field is great, objects at widely varying distances from the camera will form a sharp image. The precise extent of this sharp zone will be indicated (after focusing) by the depth-of-field scale (24) on the lens: on either side of the red distance-setting mark you can read off from the distance scale where the depth of-field zone begins and ends for any specific aperture setting. If the relevant f/No. on one side of the central distance-setting mark is in line with the infinity symbol (--) or even beyond it, then the depth of field will extend right up to infinity. On the right are two examples and a photograph demonstrating large depth of field.
Above: Distance setting 2 meters (61/2 ft), aperture f 5.6 = depth of field extends from 1.7 m (51/2 ft) to 2.5 m (8/2 ft)
Below: Distance setting 4 meters (13 ft), aperture f 16 = depth of field extends from 2 meters (6/2 ft) to infinity (00)
The Pancolar 2/50 mm lens from Jena has an automatic depth-of-field indicator; see page 31.
|Focusing for infra-red pictures
When using infra-red film, first focus the reflex image normally, then note the distance indicated by the red setting mark (either in feet or meters, or the infinity symbol), and turn the focusing ring to set this distance against the red dot (infra-red setting mark) which is either to the right or the left of the normal setting mark. By doing this the image produced by the invisible infra-red rays, which lies at greater distance from the lens than the image formed by visible light, will be brought into sharp focus in the film plane of the camera and consequently will appear sharp in the negative.4.butkus.org
|Fully-automatic pressure diaphragm on Domiplan 2.8/50 lens: Always open the diaphragm fully for focusing. Pre-select the required smaller aperture (larger f/No) by turning the aperture
setting ring (26); intermediate settings between the marked f/ numbers can also be selected. By depressing the release rocker (27), the lens will stop down automatically; when the pressure on the
rocker is relaxed, the diaphragm re-opens automatically. The release rocker should therefore be held down until the shutter has closed. To check the depth of field when focusing, the release rocker
(27) may be depressed part way so that the diaphragm closes
In order to avoid premature opening
to the aperture, for longer exposures, both when using the large shutter-speed setting knob (18) and when employing the B and T settings on the small speed-setting knob (10), and also for
all delayed-action exposures, either of the following procedures should be adopted: Screw a cable release with a long plunger and time-exposure lock into the release rocker. In this way pressure can be maintained on the release rocker or body-shutter release for any desired period
without having to keep ones finger constantly on the release (also eliminating camera shake).
Alternatively, a special locking knob (available as an accessory) can be screwed into the release rocker; by propping up the lower part of the rocker the automatic diaphragm mechanism will be disengaged. The lens is then stopped-down (i. e. a numerically-larger aperture value is selected) by turning the aperture-setting ring. The lens opening will remain stopped down according to the extent to which the ring is rotated.
Fully automatic spring diaphragm on T 2.8/50 from Jena and Pancolar 2/50 lenses from Jena
Engage the automatic diaphragm mechanism by pushing the release knob (27) on the lens towards the camera together with it5 mount and turn it to the right (viewed from the front of the camera). To disengage the automatic diaphragm, press the release knob (27) together with its mount towards the camera and turn it to the left (again looking from the front). When the automatic mechanism is disengaged (= manual diaphragm setting), the diaphragm will remain stopped down to the selected f/No (this is Important when using slow shutter speeds and delayed-action exposures). When the automatic mechanism is engaged, the diaphragm should be fully opened for focusing. Select the required smaller aperture (larger f/number) by turning the aperture-setting ring (26), which can also be set to intermediate stops. By depressing the lens-release knob (27) the diaphragm is stopped down automatically; by letting go of the release knob (27) the diaphragm re-opens automatically.
| Pressure on the release knob (27) should not be relaxed until the shutter has closed. To check the depth of field whilst focusing, depress the lens-release knob (27) just far enough to stop
down the lens as required without releasing the shutter, In order to ensure that the shutter-release knob (3) on the camera body is always depressed far enough to trigger the shutter, the
setscrew on the release mechanism of the lens should be adjusted to the required length with a screwdriver. A cable release with a long plunger can be screwed into the lens-release knob (27).
Automatic depth-of-field indicator on the Pancolar 2/50 lens: After setting the aperture and distance, follow the appropriate black/white bands from the two movable black markers to the distance scale, upon which the depth-of-field range can be read off. Example: aperture setting f 8, distance 5 meters (17ft) = depth of field from barely 3 meters (10 ft) to over 15 meters (actually 23 meters or 76 feet).
3. Changing the lens (28) (select automatic on all lenses from Jena): depress the locking lever (30) towards the lens, then turn the lens to the left until the two red dots (23 and 29) are in line, and lift the lens out towards the front. To insert a lens proceed in the reverse sequence: line up the red dots, and turn the lens to the right until it locks. All special-purpose lenses can be used, with focal lengths ranging from the shortest to the longest.
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