Fujica ST 801

posted 2-8-'04


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CLICK HERE FOR PDF VERSION OF THIS SCANNED MANUAL

Go to Second Section

Owner's Manual

This manual has been prepared to show you how to use the FUJICA ST801 correctly. Please be sure to read it over carefully to insure perfect pictures from your very first roll.

CONTENTS

Versatile Features    P 3

Names and Functions of Parts    P 4

Specifications    P 8 Part I-Basics

•   Basic Steps    P10

•   Neck Strap and Carrying Case    P12

•   Loading the Battery    P12

•   Holding the Camera Steady    P14

•   Loading the Film    P16

•   Setting the ASA Speed Selector    P18

•   Selecting the Shutter Speed    P19

•   Focusing    P20

•   Exposure Control    P21

•   Shutter Release Button Lock    P22

•   Rewinding and Unloading    P23 Part I I-Advanced Techniques

•   Changing the Lens    P25

•   Depth of Field    P28

•   Exposure Compensation    P29

•   Self-timer    P31

•   Use of Flash    P32

•   Interchangeable Lenses and Accessories . . P34

•   How to Use the Accessories    P36

•   Infrared Photography    P38

•   After Shooting    P39

 

VERSATILE FEATURES
1. LED (Light Emitting Diodes) Needle-less Metering System. Through-The-Lens Full Aperture Averaging Silver Battery Meter with Silicon Photocells. The light is measured by Silicon photocells, which react to light tens of times faster and more accurately than conventional CdS photocells.

Exposure is indicated by seven light-emitting diodes in the viewfinder instead of the usual meter needle. The diode light can be moved several steps above normal exposure or below when special exposure effects are desired. Since the light energy reflected from the subject is converted directly into electrical energy in the form of diode light and no mechanical mechanism is used, the exposure indication is quick and meter deviation caused by shock or mechanical failure is eliminated.

2. FUJINON EBC (Electron Beam Coating) Lens The key elements of each of the ST801's interchangeable lenses are coated with 11 layers to assure complete protection against flare and ghost images as well as producing the ultimate in color definition and picture sharpness. 4www.Butkus.org


3. The FUJICA ST801 Complete Photographic System
A wide selection of interchangeable lenses ranging all the way from 28mm wideangle to 1000mm ultratelephoto plus two zoom lenses and a complete set of carefully engineered accessories bring every picture-taking situation within easy reach of everyone.

Part 1 Explains the basic operations of the camera. The reader is recommended to master the basics before proceeding to Part 2 which deals with the more advanced techniques of photography.

CLICK IMAGE TO ENLARGE

Picture

1• Film Advance Lever

2•   Shutter Speed Selector Dial

3 Film Speed Window

4•   Exposure Counter (automatic reset, additive)

5•   Combination Shutter Release/Exposure Meter

6. Activating Button (provided with lock and cable

release socket)

7•   Shutter Speed/ASA Speed Selector 71) Shutter Speed Mark (red dot)

 

8•   Neck Strap Ring

9. Depth of Field Button (provided with lock)

10•   Self-timer Start Button

11•   Self-timer

12•   Lens Safety Lock Release Button 

13. Standard Lens

14. Accessory (hot) Shoe

15 Hot-shoe for X Contact

16 Film Rewind Crank

 

17 Film Rewind/Back Cover Lock 

18, Film Plane Indicator 

19 Aperture Scale 

20 Distance/Aperture Indicator

21•   Depth of Field Scale 

22. Aperture Selector Ring

23. Distance Scale

24•   Focusing Ring

25•   FP Contact Socket

26. X Contact Socket


Click image to enlarge
Picture

27. Viewfinder Eyepiece

28•   Battery Compartment

28•   Film Guide Rail

30. Film Rail

31. Film Rewind Spindle

 

 

32.   Film Cartridge Chamber 
33. Film Rewind Button 
34. Tripod Socket 
35. Shutter Curtain
36. Sprocket Wheel 
37. Film Take-up Spool 
38. Film Pressure Roller 
39. Film Pressure Plate 4www.Butkus.org

Click image to enlarge

Picture

40. Microprism Focusing 

41 Shutter Speed

42•   Split-image Focusing

43•   Exposure Indicator

44 Light-emitting Diodes

•   Ground Glass

 
 

40 SPECIFICATIONS

Type:

35mm. single-lens reflex camera.

Picture Size:

24 x 36mm.

Standard Lens:

EBC FUJINON 1:1.8 55mm.

Lens Mounting:

(4 component, 6 element) EBC FUJI NON 1:1.450mm.

(6 component, 7 element) Filter size 49mm., screw in type.

Screw in type (Praktica mount). 4www.Butkus.org

Shutter:

Mounting location locking device.

Focal plane shutter, B, 1-1/2000 sec., FP and X contacts, built-in self-timer, hot shoe, safety lock equipped switch-on switch-off shutter release button.

Viewfinder:

 Penta-prism with Fresnel lens, 0.96x magnification (1:1.8 55mm. lens). 2-way focusing with microprism and split-image, exposure control light emitting diodes (7) and shutter speed visible in viewfinder.

Mirror:

  Quick-return.

Exposure Control:

TTL silicon photocell and light emitting diode metering system, averaging light measurement through full aperture and stopped down aperture, aperture and shutter speed interlocked with exposure meter, switch-on switch-off with shutter release button, built in large scale intergrated circuit.  .EV 1-19 light measuring range, adjustable to.  
ASA 25-3,200.

 

Silver battery power source (one 6-volt battery. Malory PX28, Eveready No. 544).

   
 
   

Film Advance:   

Single-stroke   lever action, 193 winding angle, winding latitude provided by lever 

 

Dimensions & Weight:

5 1/4(L) x 3 7/8(H) x 3 1/2(D) in.133)L) x 91)H) x 88)D) mm (with 1:1.8, 55mm normal lens)  1.83 lb. (830g) (with 1:1.8, 55mm normal lens) 1.401b. (635g) (body alone)

Accessories

Carrying Case, Neck Strap.

Optional Extras

Leather Case, Eye Cup, Eyesight Adjustment

Lens, Lens Hood, Right angle Finder, Close-up Lens, Extension Tubes, Microscope Adapter,

Leica Mount Adapter, Reverse Adapter, Bellows Extension, Macrocinecopy.

 
Picture

 

Picture Picture Picture Picture

1. Pull up the Combination Film Rewind Crank/Back Cover Lock.
Open the Camera Back
Cover and Load the film.

2 Wind the Film Advance Lever and press and release the Shutter Release Button until you see 1 (white dot) in the Frame Counter 4www.Butkus.org 3. Set the ASA Film Speed. 4. Select the Shutter Speed.
 
Picture * Recheck the + and - of the Silver Battery and load it correctly. Picture * Remove camera from Leather Case when you are going to load the Film or Battery.
Picture Picture Picture Picture
Focus the Lens and Frame Your Picture. Touch the Shutter Release Button very lightly. You will see the Red Diode Light on the right of the Viewfinder. Set the exposure by turning the Aperture Selector Ring. Hold camera steady and gently press the Shutter Release Button. After you have exposed the entire roll of film, press the Film Rewind Button, pull up
the Film Rewind Crank,
and turn it in the direction pointed by the arrow
and wind the film back
into the cartridge, until
you feel tension released.
Next, lift the Back Cover
Lock fully up until the
camera back snaps open.
now, remove the cartridge.

NECK STRAP AND CARRING CASE

Picture

Picture

The Neck Strap is attached to the Neck Strap Ring.

The camera is fixed to the Carrying Case with the screw provided in the bottom of the case.

Note: The camera is taken out of the case for film loading and unloading. 4www.Butkus.org

ADDING THE BATTERY

(1) The battery you need is a 6V silver battery (Eveready No. 544 or Malory PX28).

(2) Under normal conditions, silver battery lasts for about one year.

(3) If the battery is exhausted, the red diode light in the Viewfinder will not turn on.

(4) Wipe the battery clean with a piece of cloth before loading.

(5) Always remove the battery from the camera if you do not use it for a long time.

(6) Do not try to disassemble, short-circuit, or discard into a fire.

(7) Always lock the Shutter Release Button when you do not use the camera, otherwise the Battery Life will become very short. (See instructions in shutter release section.)

 
Picture Picture Picture
1. Open the Battery Compartment Cover. 2. Load the battery and replace the cover. 3. Look through the Viewfinder and touch the Shutter Release Button very lightly. If you see a red diode light on the right hand side, the battery is properly is properly inserted.

Picture

Picture

Before going into the mechanics of picture-taking, remember that holding the camera steady is an important basic of good photography. Camera movement results in blurred pictures. 4www.Butkus.org

LOADING THE FILM

Picture

Picture

Be sure to load and unload the film in the shade avoiding direct sunlight.

(1) Open the Back Cover by lifting up the Film Rewind/Back Cover Lock.

(2) Load the cartridge and press down the Film Rewind/Back Cover Lock.
Picture Picture Picture
(3) Pull out the film and insert it deeply into one of the slots provided on the Take-up Spool. (4) Pull the film taut with the Film Advance Lever and make sure that the sprocket teeth catch the perforations of the film. (5) Be sure the film rests between the Guide Rails and then close the Back Cover.

2. FILM ADVANCE

Picture

Wind the Film Advance Lever and press down the Shutter Release Button. Repeat once or twice until the first white dot on the Exposure Counter moves directly opposite the start mark. 1. To advance the film, just wind the Film Advance

Lever as far as it will go and release it. It will return by itself.

2. The film is properly loaded if the Film Rewind/ Back Cover Lock turns in the direction opposite that pointed by the arrow on the lock when the Film Advance Lever is wound.

3. The Exposure Counter tells you the number of exposures you have made. 4www.Butkus.org

4. The Film Advance Lever is provided with enough play to allow instant action.

SETTING THE ASA SPEED

Picture

1 . Lift up the outer ring of the Shutter Speed/ ASA Speed Selector and turn it until the number you want appears in the Film Speed Window.  The film speed is printed on the film box. (FUJICOLOR N100, FUJICHROME R100 and FUJIPAN SS are ASA 100 films). 4www.Butkus.org

2. The details of the ASA Speed Selector are illustrated below.


Picture


SELECTING THE SHUTTER SPEED

Picture

1. The numbers 1, 2, 4, etc. to 2000 on the Shutter Speed Selector stand for 1 sec., 1/2 sec., 1/4 sec. etc. to 1/2000 sec.  B stands for bulb. It means that the shutter will remain open for as long as the Shutter Release Button is depressed. It is used for shooting with a shutter speed of 2 seconds or slower. The X opposite the number 60 means that the Shutter Speed Selector Dial must be set at this speed when shooting with electronic flash.


2. The exposure meter is controlled by the shutter speed and lens aperture.
Exposure determination is always easier when the Shutter Speed Selector is set first. The recommended shutter speeds for shooting in bright daylight and under a cloudy sky are from 1/60 sec. to 1/250 sec. respectively. The respective symbols ( sunshine - cloud icons ) are engraved opposite the numbers as a reminder.

3. To set the shutter speed, just turn the Shutter Speed Selector until the number you want click-stops opposite the Shutter Speed Mark (red dot on the camera body).

4. Since different combinations of lens aperture and shutter speed can give equivalent exposures, best results are obtained by using the combination that is ideal for the picture you are taking. For example, if you are shooting a fast-moving subject, use a fast shutter speed with a large lens aperture and if you are shooting a subject having considerable depth, use a slow shutter speed and stop the aperture far down. 4www.Butkus.org

Equivalent Exposures Example

 

Shutter speed

1/500

1/250

1/125

1/60

1/30

1/15

 1/8

Exposure

1.4

2

2.8

4

5.6

8

11

               

5. To avoid camera movement, use a tripod and a cable release for shooting with a shutter speed of 1/30 sec. or slower.
A cable release with stopper is available for shooting with the Shutter Speed Selector set at B. The stopper will keep the shutter open for as long as you wish.

FOCUS THE LENS

Picture

Picture

The Viewfinder is provided with an eyepiece for those with normal vision. If you are near-sighted or far sighted, be sure to use an Eyesight Adjustment Lens, otherwise it will be extremely difficult for you to focus the lens precisely. Four different Eyesight Adjustment Lenses are supplied as optional accessories: +2, +0.5, -2.5 and -4 dioptor.


(1) Look through the Viewfinder and point the camera so that the main subject is seen through the small microprism center spot. (2)Split-image Focusing 
Turn the Focusing Ring until the upper and lower segments of the split image in the microprism center spot converge to form a single image.

(3) Microprism Focusing
Turn the Focusing Ring until the image in the microprism center spot appears sharp.

(4) You can also focus with any part of the area surrounding the microprism center spot. This method is especially useful when shooting with aperture stopped far down.

(5) The white numbers on the Focusing Ring are for meters and the green numbers are for feet. The distance can also be set by visual judgment for quick shooting.  When shooting extreme close-ups, the distance from subject to Film Plane Indicator must be precisely measured with a tape measure. 4www.Butkus.org


EXPOSURE CONTROL
Picture

1. Look through the Viewfinder and touch the Shutter Release Button very lightly. You will see 1 or 2 diode lights in the right hand side.

2. Turn the Aperture Selector Ring until the diode light opposite the center of the Exposure Indicator is turned on. Even if you see 2 diode lights, center and above center or center and below center, you will have the correct exposure if the brightest one is the center light.

3. You will occasionally see 3 diode lights at the same time (especially when shooting under fluorescent light, or when shooting wide open scenes in bright sunlight), but the brightest light is always the main light. When the brightest light is brought into the center of the Exposure Indicator, you have the correct exposure.


Picture 4. If the diode light is seen above center (+ side) of the Exposure Indicator and you cannot move it to the center (opposite the bottom of the V), by turning Aperture Selector Ring, the shutter speed will have to be increased. If the diode light is seen below center (- side) and you cannot move it to the center with the Aperture Selector Ring, the shutter speed will have to be reduced.
 
Picture

5. If you are using a lens other than one of the Fujinon interchangeable lenses designed for the ST801, the light is measured through the stopped down aperture.

First press down the Depth of Field Button and lock it by turning it to the left. Next, touch the Shutter Release Button very lightly and turn on the diode light located in the center of the Exposure Indicator by turning the Aperture Selector Ring. (The diode light will not move unless the Depth of Field Button is depressed).

Note: The diode light will not change unless the camera lens is properly mounted and locked. 4www.Butkus.org

SUTTER RELEASE BUTTON LOCK

Picture The Shutter Release Button can be locked by pulling it up and turning it to the right. This . is a safety against turning on the battery and releasing the shutter inadvertently. The shutter can be released with a cable release with the button locked.


REWIND AND UNLOADING THE FILM

Picture Picture Picture
1. Press in the Film Rewind Button. 2. Unfold the Film Rewind Crank and turn it in the direction of the arrow. The crank will suddenly feel light when the entire roll of film has been rewound. 3. Next, lift the crank up to open the Camera Back, unload the cartridge and send it to a processing laboratory as soon as possible.

NOTES: 
1. Do not open the Camera Back until the film has been completely wound back into the cartridge.

2. If the end of the film is reached when the Film Advance Lever is wound only halfway around, do not force it through, because the film might break. Just push it back to its normal position, and rewind the film into the cartridge.

Picture Your FUJICA ST801 takes a complete series of FUJINON interchangeable lenses specially designed for this camera. It will also take the interchangeable lenses for the FUJICA ST701 as well as any other lens with a Praktica screw mount. With an adaptor on, it will also take lenses with a Leica mount. However, with lenses other than those designed specially for the camera, the light is measured through the stopped down aperture. 4www.Butkus.org

Using Fujinon Interchangeable Lenses.

1. To remove a lens, push back the Lens Safety Lock Release Button in the direction of the arrow and turn the lens barrel to the left (counterclockwise). Just 2 1/2 complete turns will release the lens.

2. To mount, just screw the lens in turning it clockwise until it stops with a click.

Picture

OTHER LENSES
1. To mount, screw the lens in until it feels tight and the Distance/Aperture Indicator on the lens comes directly on top. About 2'/z-3 complete turns should be enough. If the Indicator on the lens is not directly on top, the aperture might not operate.

2. To remove, just turn it to the left. (counterclockwise)

NOTES:

(1) Do not press in the Depth of Field Button when changing lenses.

(2) Avoid touching the lens glass and camera mirror with your fingers when changing lenses.

CLICK TO ENLARGE IMAGES

Picture Picture
 

DEPTH OF FIELD

Picture Picture

1. WHAT IS MEANT BY DEPTH OF FIELD
To check the effects of a selected aperture-how well the background is blurred out or how wide the depth of sharpness is-just look through the Viewfinder and press in the Depth of Field Button. The sharpness of a picture extends over a considerable distance both in front of and behind the point on which the lens is focused. This zone of sharpness is referred to as the depth of field. The depth of the zone of sharpness varies depending on the lens focal length, subject-to-lens distance, and lens aperture-opening.

1. The smaller the aperture, the wider the depth of field and the larger the aperture, the narrower it becomes.

2. The longer the lens focal length, the narrower the depth of field and the shorter the focal length, the wider it becomes.

3. The farther the distance the lens is focused on, the wider the depth of field.

4. The zone of sharpness in front of the point of sharpest focus is narrower than the zone of sharpness behind the same point.


2. HOW TO USE THE DEPTH OF FIELD INDICATOR
All the interchangeable lenses of the FUJICA ST801 are provided with a depth of field indicator on the lens barrel. For example, if you are using an F1.8 55mm standard lens and have set the distance at 16.4ft.(5m), everything from about 11.5ft.(3.5m) to 28.5ft.(8.7m) will be in sharp focus.

The colors of the ST801's depth of field indicator are matched with those of the aperture numbers to simplify checking of the depth of field. 4www.Butkus.org

 

EXPOSURE COMPENSATION


Picture
Picture

1. BACKLIGHTED PORTRAITS
1. Shoot with the diode light one stop above the center indicator.

2. Move the diode light to the center of the Exposure Indicator, open up the aperture by '/-stop or 1 full stop and shoot.

3. Move up close to the subject until it fills up the viewfinder and bring the diode light into the center of the Exposure Indicator. Next, step back to the right shooting distance and shoot.

2. PHOTOCOPYING
Printed matter on white paper will turn out underexposed unless some exposure compensation is made.

1. Shoot with the diode light one stop above center.

2. Move the diode light to the center of the Exposure Indicator, open up the aperture by 1 full stop and shoot.

3. Use an 18% reflectance gray card to measure the light reflected from the subject.

Picture

Picture
2. SPOT-LIGHTED SUBJECTS AND DARK BACKGROUNDS

1. Shoot with the diode light one step below center. 
2. Move the diode light to the center of the Exposure Indicator, close down the aperture by 1/2-stop or 1 full stop and shoot.

3. Move up close to the subject, bring the diode light into the center of the Exposure Indicator, step back and shoot. Note

NOTE:
(1) To achieve special effects with backlighted and other specially lighted subjects, the picture is often taken without exposure compensation.


4. SHOOTING BEYOND THE RANGE OF THE EXPOSURE METER (CLICK TO ENLARGE IMAGE)

Picture 1. Although the ST801's light measuring range is exceptionally wide EV1-19 (F1.4, 1 sec. to F16, 1/2000 sec. ASA 100 ), the diodes will not respond if the light is too dim or if an extra-high speed film is exposed with a slow shutter speed. (Example: ASA 800 film, 1 sec. shutter speed). If the light is too dim, use supplementary lighting, and if you are using an extra-high-speed film, use the proper shutter speed.

SELF-TIMER

Picture

TO PICTURE YOURSELF
1.  Mount the camera on a tripod, focus the lens, set the exposure and wind the lever.

2. Wind the Self-timer Lever to the left as far as it will go. (The shutter might not operate if it is wound only halfway around).

3. Press the Self-timer Start Button and get back into the picture.  In 10 seconds, the shutter will be automatically released. Note

(1) Do not depress the Shutter Release Button. The shutter will be released and the Self-timer will not start.

Picture

USE OF FLASH

You can use a flash for shooting indoors and night pictures as well as for supplementary lighting in outdoor photography.

1. Electronic Flash

1. With a cordless, hot-shoe type electronic flash, all that is necessary is to mount it on the camera's hot-shoe.

2. With other types of electronic flash, the flash unit is mounted on the camera's hot-shoe and the cord is plugged into the camera's X-contact socket.

3. With large-size electronic flash, the flash unit is mounted on the camera with the accessory bracket Mount the camera on a tripod, focus the lens, set   racket and the cord is plugged into the camera's X-contact socket. 4www.Butkus.org

4. In each case, the shutter speed is set at 1/60 sec. (marked with an X on the Shutter Speed Scale).


2. Flash gun
1. The flash cord is plugged into the camera's FP-contact socket.

2. An FP-class bulb is used on the firing unit.

3. Synchronizing RangesPicture

4. Exposure
1. Electronic Flash

Flash guide number divided by subject-to-film distance equals aperture.

Example: Electronic Flash (Guide No. m18/ ft. 60) FUJICOLOR N100, FUJICHROME R100, FUJIPAN SS Subject-to-film distance=3m/10ft:

Picture

2. FP Flash Bulb

Since the flash guide number varies with the shutter speed, the recommended procedure for determining the aperture is to follow the instructions packed with the flash.

INTERCHANGEABLE LENSES AND ACCESSORIES

1.  FUJINON•T 1:8 f=1000mm

2. EBC FUJINON•Z 1:4.5 f=54-.-270mm 

3 EBC FUJINON•Z 1:4.5 f=75-150mm

4.   EBC FUJINON•T 1:4.5 f=200mm

5. EBC FUJINON-T 1:3.5 f=135mm 

6   EBC FUJINON•T 1:2.8 f=100mm

7. EBC FUJINON   1:1.4 f=50mm

8•   EBC FUJINON 1:1.8 f=55mm

9.  EBC FUJINON   1:1.9 f=55mm

10•   EBC FUJINON•W 1:2.8 f=35mm 

11. EBC FUJINON-W 1:3.5 f=28mm

12•   EBC FUJINON 1:2.8 f=45mm

 

ACCESSORIES

13. Lens hood for 100 and 135mm lenses 

14. Lens hood for 50 and 55mm lenses 

15. Lens hood for 35mm lens 

16. Lens hood for 28mm lens 

17. Eyesight adjustment lens 

18. Lens cap (Front)

19. Lens cap (Back)

20•   Body mount cap

21•   Case

22. Microscope adapter 

23. Macrocinecopy

24•   Extension bellows

25•   Q Setter

26•   Extension tubes

27•   Right angle finder

28•   Eye cup

29•   Close-up lens

30. Reverse adapter

31. Leica mount adapter

 

AVAILABLE LENSES