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TO SECTION TWO
ADDITIONAL ASSISTANCE FOR
MAKING BETTER PICTURES
ALTHOUGH we give in this manual the essential directions for using the camera
it accompanies, there are amateurs who wish for
further knowledge of photography.
The Service Department is at their service, your service.
Do not hesitate to call on us for information on any photographic subject.
We are at your service, write to us--there is no charge, no obligation.
Address all Communications
EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
ROCHESTER, N. Y.
Picture taking with the
Nos. 2 and 2A Folding
EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
ROCHESTER, N. Y.
BEFORE taking any pictures with your camera, and before loading it with film read these instructions carefully; Take especial care to learn how to operate the shutter.4www.butkus.org
While loading and unloading, be very careful to keep the protective paper wound tightly around the film to prevent light striking it. The camera can be loaded or unloaded in daylight. This should be done in a subdued light, not in direct sunlight.
|Use film number 120 for the Rainbow Hawk-Eye No. 2; number 116 for the Rainbow Hawk-Eye No. 2A.
Slide back the lock. Take the front of the camera by the edges and lift the end on which the lock is fastened, , drawing out that part of the camera as illustrated.
D raw on th e winding key as far as it will come, and remove the empty spool.
Remove the paper band, unfold the end of the protective paper and thread it as far as it will go, into the longer opening of the slit in the empty spool. Each spool has one end slotted and the protective paper must be inserted in the empty spool so that the slotted ends are on opposite edges of the paper.
The word "TOP" printed on the protective paper must be next to the slotted end of the reel. Give the empty spool three or four turns, enough to bind the paper on the reel. The paper must draw straight, and the full spool must not loosen.4www.butkus.org
|Place the two spools into the film pockets at each end of the camera, keeping the paper taut, as shown above.|
Important: The empty spool or reel must be placed in the winding key end of the camera with its slotted end towards the winding key.4www.butkus.org
Push the full spool into the other pocket as far as it will go, so that the tension spring grips
Press in and turn the winding key until it fits into the slot in the empty spool or reel.
After the camera is loaded, replace the front, first inserting the end opposite the lock; the
edge of the box must fit into the groove on this end of the front. Press the end on which the
lock is fastened into place, and push over the lock.
Press in and turn the winding key and watch the red window. After a few turns, a warning hand will appear, then turn the key slowly until the figure 1 is in the center of the window.
|The film is now in position for the first exposure. After each exposure be sure to wind the film, bringing the next number into place. This prevents making two pictures on the same section of film.|
OPENING THE FRONT OF CAMERA
Raise the lever near the winding key, and draw down the bed of the camera, until the bed
Draw out the lens standard by the knob on the slide plate, to the slot marked 100 feet, where it will lock automatically.
Move the indicator A to 25 or 50 according to the time of Instantaneous Exposure required,
and move the lever B to the correct stop opening, see the Exposure Guide on the back cover,
or the table on pages 15 and 16.
Press the push-pin of the cable release D or press the exposure lever C. This makes the exposure.4www.butkus.org
Move the indicator A to the letter "T" (time).
Move the lever B to No. 1, 2, 3 or 4 depending on the time of the exposure and the nature of the subject. See tables on pages 15, 16, 27, 28 and 32.
Press the push-pin of the cable release D or press the exposure lever C. This opens the shutter. Time the exposure by a watch. Again press the push-pin or the exposure lever. This closes the shutter.
For short time exposures of ten seconds or less, "Bulb" Exposures are recommended.
Move the indicator A to the letter "B" (bulb).
Move the lever B to No. 1, 2, 3 or 4. See tables on pages 15, 16, 27, 28 and 32.
Press the push-pin of the cable release D or press the exposure lever (I, to open the shutter, and release it to close the shutter. This makes the exposure.
Never make Time or "Bulb" Exposures with the camera held in the hands.
Important: Never oil the shutter.
In case of accident, return the camera to your dealer or to us for repairs.
TO FOCUS THE CAMERA
On the bed of the camera is a focusing scale, with slots marked 8, "Fixed" (25 feet) and
100 feet. The scale is marked both for feet and meters and care should be taken not to confuse
When the lens standard is drawn out to the slot marked 100 feet, the camera is in focus for anything 100 feet or beyond.
To adjust the focus for subjects at distances nearer than 100 feet, press the spring catch or locking device on the side at the bottom of the lens standard, and draw out the standard to the slot marked 8 or "Fixed" (25 feet), depending upon the estimated distance between the camera and the principal object to be photographed, see Depth of Focus Tables on page 13.
The distance between the subject and camera can be estimated without measuring, unless the subject is close to the camera; for instance, if the focus is set at the slot marked "Fixed" (the usual distance for ordinary street scenes), everything from about fourteen feet to about seventy-five feet will be in good focus. When the camera is focused in this manner, it may be used as a regular fixed focus camera, see page 12. When the principal object is nearby or at a great distance, the focus should be changed accordingly.
For distant views, set the indicator in the slot marked 100 feet, and when the subject is about eight feet from the lens, set the indicator in the slot marked eight feet. When the camera is focused for eight feet, the subject can be about five feet from the camera if the smallest stop opening is used, see table on page 13. A time exposure will be necessary when using the smallest stop opening. The subject can be closer than five feet to the lens if a Kodak Portrait Attachment is used, see pages 30 and 31.4www.butkus.org
How to Use the Rainbow Hawk-Eye
No. 2 or No. 2A Folding as a Fixed Focus Camera
SET THE Focus AT "FIXED."
MOVE STOP OPENING LEVER TO NO. 1.
USE SPEED 25.
When using the camera as a fixed focus type, nearby subjects must be in bright sunlight, to obtain fully exposed negatives.
The range of sharpness when your Hawk Eye is adjusted as a fixed focus camera will be found in one of the tables on page 13.
DEPTH OF FOCUS
Depth of focus is the distance from the nearest to the farthest objects that will appear sharp in the negative or print. The depth of focus of any lens depends upon the size of the stop opening used. The smaller the stop opening the greater the depth of focus. See the following tables for the depth of focus or range of sharpness of the Rainbow Hawk-Eyes Nos. 2 and 2A Folding:
These circles are the same size as the stop openings of the shutters on the Rainbow Hawk-Eyes Nos. 2 and 2A Folding, when they are fitted with the Single (Meniscus Achromatic)
Lens. They show the relative sizes of the stop openings and how their areas differ.
The above diagram shows the relative lengths of exposure required with the different stop openings.
The stop openings regulate the amount of light passing through the lens. The openings are enlarged or reduced by moving the lever B. see page 9.4www.butkus.org
Each opening marked with a higher number is half the size of the preceding opening marked with a lower number, and admits approximately half the light. No. 1 is the largest opening.
The exposures must be doubled for each succeeding higher number (smaller stop opening). For example: If the correct exposure using stop No. 1 is speed 50, the equivalent exposure using stop No. 2 will be speed 25. See comparative exposures using different stop openings given on page 27.
No. 1--For all ordinary outdoor pictures, such as nearby landscapes showing little or no sky, groups and street scenes, when the subject is in bright sunlight, use speed 25; for moving objects in bright sunlight, use speed 50.
No. 2--For open views, when the sunlight on the subject is unusually strong and there are no heavy shadows, such as views at the seashore and on the water use speed 50, for ordinary landscapes, in bright sunlight, with clear sky overhead, use speed 25; also for Interior Time Exposures, the time for which is given in the table on page 28.
No. 3--For instantaneous exposures of extremely distant landscapes, marines, snow scenes with no prominent dark objects in the foreground, and clouds only, in bright sunlight, use speed 25; also for portraits outdoors, see pages 29 and 30, and other Time Exposures, see pages 27 and 32.
No.4 -- For Time Exposures Outdoors on cloudy days, see page 32. For portraits outdoors, see pages 29 and 30; and for Interior Time Exposures, see page 27. Never for instantaneous exposures.
The smaller the stop opening the greater the depth of focus, see page 13.
Failure will result, if stop No. 4 is used for instantaneous exposures.
All the exposures given for outdoor subjects are for the hours from two and a half hours after sunrise until two and a half hours before sunset. If earlier or later the exposures must be longer.
For subjects in the shadow, under porches or under trees' no definite directions can be given; experience only can teach the correct exposure to give.
The finder shows what will appear in the picture, but on a much reduced scale.
Look into the finder from directly over the center of it and include what is wanted by turning to the right or left, see illustration on page 18.4www.butkus.org
|To make a vertical picture, hold the camera as shown above. Only what is seen in that part of the finder shown as white in the diagram, will appear in the picture.|
When making instantaneous exposures or snapshots with any camera, hold it firmly against the body as shown. When pressing the push-pin or the exposure lever, hold the breath for the instant. If the camera is moved during the exposure, the picture will be blurred.
To make a horizontal picture, turn the finder and hold the camera as shown above. Only what is seen in that part of the finder shown as white in the diagram, will appear in the picture.
MAKING INSTANTANEOUS EXPOSURES OR SNAPSHOTS
When ordinary instantaneous exposures or snapshots are made, the subject should be in the
broad, open sunlight, but the camera must not. The sun should be behind your back or over
the shoulder. If it shines directly into the lens it will blur and fog the picture.
Special instructions for making portraits are given on pages 21, 29, 30 and 31.
HOLD THE CAMERA LEVEL
|The camera must be held level. If all the subject cannot be included in the finder without
tilting the lens upwards, move backwards until it is all included with the camera held level.
If the subject is below the normal height, like a small child or a dog, the camera should be held down level with the center of the subject.4www.butkus.org
|After an exposure has been made, turn the winding key slowly, a few times, until No. 2 or
the next number is in the center of the red window.
Turn the film immediately after making each exposure; this prevents making two pictures on the same section of film.
CLOSING THE CAMERA
Release the spring catch on the lower part of the lens standard, from the slot in the focusing
scale, and slide back the lens standard as far as it will go.
Place the cable release around the shutter, press the bed braces at each side of the standard and raise the bed.
Caution: The lens standard must be pushed back as far as it will go, or it will interfere with the bed when closing.
REMOVING THE FILM
After the last section of film has been exposed, turn the winding key until the end of the
paper passes the red window.
In a subdued light, remove the front of the camera as described on pages 3 and 4.
Hold the end of the paper taut and turn the key until all but about an inch of the paper is on the roll. If the sticker folds under the roll, turn the winding key to bring it up.
Take hold of the ends of the paper and sticker to prevent paper from loosening. Draw out the key and remove the roll of film. Fold under about half-an-inch of the protective paper, and fasten it with the sticker.
|"Cinch" Marks: After removing the film from the camera, do not wind it tightly with a
twisting motion, or the film might be scratched.4www.butkus.org
Wrap up the exposed film. It is now ready for development. This may be done by a photo finisher, or by yourself. If the latter is desired, you may write to our Service Department, mentioning the size of the pictures made with your camera, and we will send you a list of the necessary materials which can be ordered from your dealer.
Important: Film should be developed as soon as possible after exposure. The
quality of the image on all sensitized products is retained by prompt development after
Remove the empty spool and place it in the winding end of the camera.
Replace the front of the camera as described on page 6.
The camera is now ready for reloading.
It is a good plan to reload the camera as soon as an exposed film has been removed, to be ready for the next pictures. Load with Kodak Film.