Kodak Retina IIIc
posted 10-14-'03

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THE KODAK RETINA IIIc is a perfected miniature camera to meet the highest demands. It has interchangeable lenses, a coupled rangefinder combined with the new viewfinder with reflected line frame, a built-in exposure meter, the new Synchro-Compur shutter with light value settings and self-timer a collapsible lens panel which locks open absolutely rigidly, as well as a large number of other technical refinements.

This camera will be your companion for many happy hours; in your job, when traveling, at home, in every weather and every season. You can thoroughly rely an it.

The RETINA IIIc was tested according to the strictest standards before it reached you. It combines utmost precision with unsurpassed performance and thus satisfies every possible requirement for first-class results. The name Kodak is your guarantee for that4www.butkus.org

Make the best use of the many advantages of your camera. And here is at once the most important piece of advice: Read the first part of these instructions (pages 5-12) especially carefully - whether you are a beginner or an experienced photographer - and practice the operations described without a film in the camera. The controls of your RETINA work equally well with or without film. Then, once you hove mastered the elementary manipulation, load the camera with a film and take your first pictures. The later sections in this booklet will give you a number of further tips for successful pictures. So don't skip that part of the instructions but follow the advice given there. You will soon realize how easy picture taking is with the RETINA IIIc.


First get to know the main points of operation


5  Opening and closing the camera

6 Holding the camera

7 Setting the distance

8-9 Finding the light value

10-11 Setting the light value

12 Tensioning and releasing

13 Opening the camera back

14 Inserting the film

15 Setting the film counter

16 Setting the film speed

17 Unloading the camera :

18 Depth of field

19 Zone focusing

20 Speed synchronization

21 Self-timer

22-23 The interchangeable lenses, telephoto shots

24 Wide-angle shots4www.butkus.org

25-28 Some important hints

29 30 RETINA accessories

31- 33 General view of RETINA 111 c

34 Some more hints

Parts of the camera
view number one view number two view number three

Hold the RETINA in your hand and push the button (1) towards the word 'Kodak. At the same time pull open the baseboard (2) until it audibly clicks into position. The camera is now ready to shoot.

Before you close the camera, remember to set the focusing scale (10) to inf. Only then can you close the camera. Simultaneously press in the two buttons (11) at each side of the lens panel (16); the baseboard (2) will then easily fold up even with a filter screwed into the lens.4www.butkus.org

Handling really simple
Whenever possible grip the camera with both hands. The illustrations show the position for horizontal and upright pictures. They are, however, mainly intended as a guide; you can, of course, hold the camera in other ways, too. So try a few positions to find which suits you best. And when you have found your ideal hold, stick to it!

Setting the distance
Hold the camera in the shooting position and look thorough the eyepiece (34) of the combined view and range finder. You will see the subject as well as the reflected line frame superimposed on it (we shall have more to say about that on page 27).4www.butkus.org

 In the center of the field of view you will also notice a bright diamond-shaped rangefinder field. Until the camera is focused for the correct distance, this field shows part of the subject with double outlines. To set the distance turn the focusing knob (30) until the outlines of the double image move together and coincide, so that only one image is visible. The lens is now accurately set to the subject distance.

All distances are measured from the subject to the plane of the film in the camera. This corresponds approximately to the rear upper edge of the chromium-plated top of the body. Precise focusing in this way with various subjects at different distances. Close the camera now and again and then pretend that you have just noticed a goad subject and want to focus the camera an it. Try the same with the camera held upright.

An important feature of your RETINA:

The light values

The RETINA 111 c has a built-in photo-electric exposure meter. This eliminates difficult calculations and gives you the correct light value. The latter is a number corresponding to the amount of light required for correct exposure.

Point the camera at the subject, directing it slightly downwards. A black pointer will move in the window (6). Turn the meter setting ring (3), thus moving a red pointer until the latter coincides with the black pointer of the exposure meter. If you have taken the reading with the cover (5) closed, read off the light value from the index mark (4b) * an the setting ring (3).

Setting exposures by light values

If the painter of the exposure meter does not move appreciably with the cover closed, open the cover (5) by gently pressing on the ribbed upper edge. In this case read off the light value apposite the index mark (4a) for the open cover **.

The green numbers on the setting ring (3) show aperture settings far exposure times longer than 1 second, or exposure times at small apertures. Far instance, if you want to use aperture f/ll at a light value setting of 6, the green figure 11 shows the correct exposure time to be 2 seconds.
See page 25 for various applications of the exposure meter.

One operation sets any aperture-speed combination

The Synchro-Compur shutter of your RETINA carries the following three scales

The Shutter Speed Scale (14): The numbers signify fractions of a second, thus 2 stands far 1/2 second, 15 for 1/15 second, 125 for 1/125 second, and so on.

The Aperture Scale (13): The stop numbers indicate relative apertures. The largest stop is f/2, the smallest f/22.

The Light Value Scale (27): The red figures from 2 to 18 are the light value settings.4www.butkus.org

The light value setting required for any shot may be determined from the built-in light meter (see page 8).

To set the light value obtained an the shutter, pull the light value lever (26) slightly outwards and move it to the appropriate light value number. If this light value is outside the range of movement of the light value lever, adjust the ring carrying the light value scale (27) and shutter speed scale (14) accordingly, You can also set in-between light values, e. g. 11.5.

Far instance, once you have set the light value to 12, the index mark (12) will indicate one of the following aperture speed combinations:

Shutter speed
in seconds: 1/8  1/15 1/30 1/60 1/125 1/250 1/500
Aperture f/: 22 16 11 8 5.6 4 2.8

If you don't wont to use the combination opposite the index mark (12), select the required combination by turning the speed ring. You will notice that this clicks into place at each setting, to ensure accurate shutter speeds. When one selects a faster shutter speed, the aperture-speed coupling automatically opens the lens aperture. Adjusting the aperture to a smaller stop alters the shutter setting to a slower speed, thus keeping the exposure constant all the time,

If you want to set the exposure without reference to the light value, make sure that you adjust first the shutter speed and then the aperture. If you do it the other way round, the aperture-speed coupling would alter the aperture when setting the shutter speed.

To set the shutter speed, turn the shutter speed ring, until the required speed figure is opposite the shutter speed Index mark (12 . To change the aperture, pull the light value setting lever (26 slightly outwards and move it to the required value on the aperture scale (13).

Even when you have set the exposure in this way, you can use the aperture-speed coupling to adjust either the aperture or the speed at will by turning the ring

It may also happen that the aperture lever or speed ring reaches the limit of its movement when adjusting the aperture speed coupling to the required aperture or shutter speed respectively. This indicates that the lighting conditions are not suitable tar the aperture or speed you intended to use.4www.butkus.org


Quick winding and releasing
Look through the finder eyepiece, sight the subject, and press the release button (7). If the shutter is not tensioned, you cannot press the button.

To tension the shutter, pull out the rapid-winding lever (36) in one movement as for as it will go. Then let it shoot back into its original position. If it does not move back, you did not pull it out far enough, so carry on to complete the transport movement.

This, at the same time tensions the shutter, and - provided you have a film in the camera - winds on the film by one frame and advances the film counter (see page 15). Now you can release. You will notice how smooth the release button operates; this is important to avoid camera shake.

Make a habit of operating the rapid-winding lever immediately after every exposure so as to have your camera always ready far action. Keeping the shutter tensioned - even for some time does not harm it in any way.

Preparing for the first exposure
You should by now be familiar with the most important operations and can take your first picture. For that, of course, you must have a film in the camera. Provided you have no special type of picture in view, choose a medium-speed film of about 28 degrees BS. (50 ASA).

Before you insert the film you have to open the camera back. Proceed as follows.

On the bottom of the camera you will find the tripod bush (33) . This is surrounded by a double lever (32). If you push the milled end of the lever in the direction of the arrow, the opposite end uncovers a button (31). Depress this button, and the camera back (41) will spring open.

This lacking system has obvious advantages. You can only open the camera deliberately, and not by any accidental movement or knock.4www.butkus.org

Now insert the film in the camera
Before inserting the film, pull out the rewind knob (20) to its second stop. Turn the built-in take-up spool (40) by its serrated flange (40a) until the slit in the core points upwards. Now push the trimmed film end into the slit until it Is just visible on the other side of the spool core. Then draw the film across the film track and insert the cassette into the cassette chamber. Push back the rewind knob (20) into its normal position, carefully turning it at the same time in the direction of the arrow 0 tension the film. Check that the teeth of the transport sprocket (39) properly engage the perforations at the rawer edge of the film, and that at least tow perforations at the upper edge overlap the film track (see illustration). Now close the camera back.

To get the RETINA ready for the first exposure you still have 0 set the film counter.

Push the button (38) in the direction of the arrow and at the same time depress the film release button (8) Repeat this until the diamond-shaped mark near No. 36 an the film counter (38a) is opposite the notch in the upper edge of the film counter window.

Remember to set the film counter
 If you are using a 20-exposure cassette, set to the index mark between No. 20 and 25. Now work the rapid-winding lever and press the film release button (8). Repeat this until the film counter indicates No. 36 or 20 respectively. At the same time the rewind knob (20) should rotate against its arrow if the film is advancing properly.  The film counter always indicates the number of shots still available. When it has reached No. 1. - in other words when the whole film is exposed - a transport lo* comes into operation. Neither the rapid-winding lever nor the release button will work further. 

This prevents the film end from being pulled out of the cassette, which would make rewinding impossible. The film release button (8) incorporates a safety, catch to prevent accidental operation.

Setting the correct film speed
Always remember to set the speed of the film in the camera

a) On the film indicator (19).
b) On the exposure meter.

a) The film indicator (19) on top of the rewind knob is a small but useful reminder which always shows you what type of film the camera is loaded with. Grip the rewind knob with two fingers and turn the inner serrated ring with the thumb of the other hand until the triangular index mark paints to the type of the film loaded in the camera.

b) Turn the inner disc (4) of the exposure meter setting ring by means of the knob (4d) until the appropriate speed number of the film in the camera appears in the window (4c), For instance, use 40 far an 40 ASA film. If you forget this setting, you may obtain incorrect light values and thus wrong exposures. A second window is provided for DIN speed numbers.
Now you can really take your first picture

When the film is finished: Unloading
To rewind the exposed film depress the reversing button (37) in the base of the camera and half pull out the rewind knob (20) to get at it more easily. Then turn the rewind knob in the direction of the arrow until the reversing button ceases to rotate. This is easily observed by the small black dot near the rim of the button.

You have now rewound the film into its cassette. Open the camera back, fully pull out the rewind knob, and remove the cassette.

Do not load or unload the film in direct sunlight or strong artificial light, or you may fag the first few exposures. After removing the exposed film, rewrap it in its original packing for full protection against the light, until you are ready to process it.