Miranda Auto Sensorex EE
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For crisp photographs, the camera must be held steadily since any jarring or vibration will result in unsharp pictures even with the best cameras. It
is suggested, therefore, before starting to take pictures, to familiarize yourself, in front of a mirror, with the best way to hold the camera.
> With the camera firmly held in both hands, hold it closely against the face, but not too tightly, as this will stiffen the posture with the result that the camera may vibrate, or that a moving subject can not be followed. It is important that the body be relaxed and the camera remains stab le.
> Hold the breath for an instant and gently depress the shutter release button. Vibration of the camera by beginHers is mostly due to uneven depression of the shutter release.
> Vertical holding of the camera will be more apt to cause camera shake than horizontal. Practice is required. In the vertical position, one way is to hold the camera with the shutter button up and the other with the button down. Choose whichever hold is preferable.
> In shooting with a telephoto lens, it is advisable to support the lens barrel with the left hand as this will reduce camera shake.4www.butkus.org
> Use a tripod when a slow shutter speed is used (See page22for shooting at slow shutter speeds).
HOW TO OPERATE THE SELF-TIMER - - SHOOTING AT SLOW SHUTTER SPEEDS
The self-timer of the Auto Sensorex EE can be set at any position of its run and thus lengthen or shorten its operating time. Operation may be
interrupted at any time by resetting the lever to its original vertical position.
> When the self-timer is operated for EE shooting, attach a cover plate to the eyepiece of the view finder or cover it with a hand, to avoid light coming in through the eyepiece.
> The self-timer is actuated by depressing the shutter button. The operating time is adjustable from half-a-second to ten seconds, depending
upon how far the lever is turned. The lever may be set either before or after advancing the film.
> If the self-timer operation is no longer required after setting the lever, it can be returned to its original position. In this case, the shutter can be released as usual since the self-timer is not in operation. (However, operate the selftimer once after completing the roll of film in the camera to release the actuating spring of the self-timer mechanism).
At 1/15 sec. or at a slower shutter speed, hand-held shooting is apt to cause camera shake. Be sure to use a sturdy tripod when shooting at slow shutter speeds or B.
> The EE control can not be used at a 1/2 sec. or slower shutter speeds, with ASA 100 film, nor can the "B" exposure be used for EE operation.
Therefore, release the lens from the EE position in readiness for manual photography. (Refer to Page 19 for details on manual operation).
> When shooting at a slow shutter speed or with the self-timer using the EE system, it is recommended that the accessory "cover plate" to the
viewfinder's eyepiece be used, or cover it with a hand as otherwise backlight may enter through the eyepiece and affect the exposure.
> When the shutter has been operated at a slow speed, make sure that the shutter is completely released before advancing the film.
When a roll of film has been completely exposed, it is rewound into the original cartridge. Once the roll has come to an end, do not try to advance the film any further, even if the winding lever stops during the course of its advancement. Forced advance might tear the film which might, in turn, make rewinding impossible. In extreme cases,~damage to the winding mechanism of the camera may result.
1. Press once the rewind button located at the bottom of the camera. The button will remain depressed.
2. Lift the rewind crank on the rewind knob and turn it in the direction as indicated by the engraved arrow on the knob, so that the film is rewound into the cartridge.
3. At the end of the roll you will feel the resistance increase and then suddenly cease. Turn the rewind crank several more times to make certain that the film has been entirely rewound. Then lift the rewind knob to open the back cover, and remove the cartridge.4www.butkus.org
> Sometimes when the film advance lever stops during its advancement, the rewind button may not remain depressed after being pressed once. In such a case, rewind the film slightly, at the same time pressing the rewind button and once again advance the film to the end. Then, press the rewind button again.
> The depressed rewind button will return to its original position when a new film is advanced with the film advance lever.
CARE IN HANDLING
1. Always fully depress the shutter button.
Insufficient operation of the button can leave the shutter curtain open
and prevent the mirror returning to its original position. if this should happen, turn the shutter dial a few
times from B-to-1000 and vice-versa until the normal function is restored.
2. Never wind the film while the shutter is in action. Failure to observe this may keep the mirror elevated. If this occurs, remove the lens and gently push the bottom of the mirror with a finger, and, at the same time, depress the shutter button. This will restore the normal function.
3. Turn film advance lever until it goes no further. One full turn of 180° is necessary to advance one frame. Insufficient winding may make the shutter button unworkable, or even if it does work it may not permit proper opening of the shutter curtain. This point requires careful attention.
4. It may happen that while the film is being rewound after the film has been completely exposed, the rewindbutton will not remain depressed. In this case, rewind the film slightly and, at the same time, keep the rewind button depressed, then advance the film and try rewinding anew.
5. If the self-timer stops while in action, move the self-timer lever back and forth a few times, till it works again.
6. A major cause of failure of electronic flash or bulb flash is improper contact of the plug and the flash socket. Examine contact and plug when mounting the flashgun to the camera.
7. If the lens is left detached, make sure that the front of the lens faces down. If the rear of the lens should face downwards the coupling pins could become damaged.
MIRANDA AUTO EE EXPOSURE METER SYSTEM
Use strobo or flashbulb at night or in a dimly lit room where the automatic EE system does not operate, or during daytime as a fill-in light source.
> A cordless strobo or flashgun may be used for Auto Sensorex EE as it is provided with the hot-shoe type accessory shoe.
> When a regular cord-equipped strobo or flashgun is used, attach it to the accessory shoe, and connect the PC cord to the synchro contact located on the side of the camera, underneath the rewind crank.4www.butkus.org
> The synchro contact is interlocked with the shutter dial for automatic switching. The X contact is only connected when the dial is set at 1/60
sec. (60 in red). At all other shutter speeds, the camera is synchronized for bulb flash.
Exposure in Flash Shooting
When flash is used, the EE function can not be utilized. Operate the camera's lens aperture and shutter speed manually following the Guide Numbers provided in the instruction manual or on the case of the strobe or flash bulb.
Guide Number (GN)
~ The GN is obtained by multiplying the distance (in meters) between the camera and the subject by the aperture (f value). The aperture value can be determined by dividing the GN with the distance to the objective. For instance, when a strobo flash with GN 24 is used, and the distance set at three meters, the aperture value is calculated as 24 . 3 = 8, therefore set the lens to f8. In the event the exact aperture value thus determined is not marked on the lens, use an aperture of lesser value. (For example, when the aperture value 6 is obtained by dividing GN 24 by 4m, the value f5.6 should be used in substitution for 6).
> The GN varies depending upon the ASA sensitivity value of the film used. The GN for a flashbulb varies not only with the film sensitivity but also with the shutter speed. Therefore, study the instruction manual carefully for use of the GN's.
As main light source
> The flash unit is pointed towards the subject and exposure is determined by the exposure index attached to the flash unit.
> This way of lighting diffuses the light evenly over the subject and surroundings and is obtained by flashing upwards, reflecting the light from ceiling and walls. In this case the lens opening should be increased by 2 - 3 more stops, due to a certain amount of loss of light.4www.butkus.org
> To be used for outdoor photography against the light to avoid shadows in nearby subjects. No special precautions have to be taken as the fill-in flash will not affect the exposure.
|SHUTTER SPEED||CONTACT||FLASH USED|
60 (one sixtieth of a second)
Other shutter speeds
Note: When the Automex or earlier Sensorex pentaprism or reflex-type viewfinders are used, cordless flash photography can not be performed
without a minor adjustment.
Depth of Field
This is the range that appears in sharp focus for any particular distance and diaphragm setting. There is relatively very little depth of field when close-up subjects are focused on, and a great deal of depth of field in the case of more distant subjects. Closing the diaphragm down increases the depth of field and opening the diaphragm reduces it. The depth of field also varies with the lens used. Wide angle lenses have great depth of field while telephoto lenses provide lesser depth of field. If your picture is such that you want both nearby and distant objects to be in sharp focus, then the smallest possible diaphragm should be used. However, very frequently the composition of a picture can be improved by having the principal subject in sharp focus while giving a soft, out-of-focus effect on other objects in the scene. This will de-emphasize distracting background objects and concentrate the viewer's attention on the principal subject.
How to Ascertain the Depth of Field
At the center of the lens barrel, facing up, is the depth-of-field scale which indicates the depth of field at a glance. The picture shows the focus adjusted to 5 meters, indicating that the range in which sharp images are obtained extend from 3.4 to 10 meters at f/8 aperture and about 2.5 meters to infinity at f/16.
How to Use the Depth of Field Lever
On the side of the lens barrel is the preview button. Pressing down this lever, which is unrelated to the automatic diaphragm mechanism of the lens, temporarily stops down the lens to the preset aperture. This permits ascertaining, through the viewfinder, the actual depth of field at that aperture value.
This checking can of course be done more easily by magnifying the viewfinder's image. This applies particularly to copying. By interchanging the camera's viewfinder with the critical focuser VF3, the image can be viewed more critically through its high-power magnifier.
CLICK HERE TO SEE THE DEPTH OF FIELD GUIDES FOR THE F/1.4 AND F/1.8 LENS
The viewfinder of the SLR camera shows the very image which is formed by the taking lens. It is easy to check the relation between the subject's perspective and its background, as well as the color tones when using color film, exactly as will be exposed on the actual film.
Usually a pentaprism finder is utilized as it is designed to show an overall undistorted image, right/left and top/bottom. However, when shooting from a
low angle, or from an overhead position, close-up shots, duplicating, or in microphotography, a reflex-type viewfinder is considered
indispensable and increases the camera's performance range,
The pentaprism viewfinder of the Auto Sensorex EE, can be interchanged with the reflex-type finders VF-1 and VF-3.
> The viewfinder can be removed for interchanging by sliding it toward the rear, while pushing the viewfinder lock button to the left. To attach, match the viewfinder's base to the camera's groove and slide it forward until it clicks into position.
> When a reflex-type viewfinder is used, its eyepiece is apt to permit adverse light to enter, which may cause exposure error, Be sure to shield the light, particularly in EE shooting.
> The pentaprism and reflex-type finders VF-1 and VF-3, designed for the regular Sensorex, can be attached. But they can not be used for flash synchro photography.
LENS MOUNT AND INTERCHANGEABILITY
The lens mount of MIRANDA Auto Sensorex has on its outside a 4-claw bayonet mount and on its inside a screw mount of 44mm diameter (All
MIRANDA cameras and lenses have the same standard lens mount).4www.butkus.org
The bayonet mount is for attaching the auto lenses (having automatic diaphragms), extension bellows, etc., quickly and easily by merely giving 1/8 of
a full turn after mounting. The inner screw mount is for preset lenses and most other accessories.
> Lenses may be interchanged before or after the film advance and regardless of the diaphragm settings.
> To remove the auto MIRANDA E lens, give it one eighth of a turn counterclockwise, with the lens lock lever depressed. Match the red index on the
lens barrel with the red mark on the camera body, and remove the lens. For attaching the lens, match the lens' red index with the red mark on the
camera body and give it one-eighth of a turn clockwise, till the lens clicks into position. The lens lock
button does not need to be depressed at this time.
> When the lens is removed, make sure that no direct sunlight or dust penetrates the interior of the camera. The mirror and lens surfaces should not be touched with the f angers.
> The green mark, located on the right side of the front plate, has no connection with the change of lenses as it is used to match the Focabell A-III or S bellows units when mounting them at a right angle to the camera.
|MOUNT||LENSES AND ACCESSORIES|
Auto Miranda E, Auto Miranda, T-4
|Screw||Preset T-2 Soligor and other accessories.|
The Auto Miranda E, exclusive interchangeable
accessory lens, bears the "EE" mark similar to the
standard lens, and is suitable for EE photography.
Auto Miranda lenses other than this exclusive type, or
the T-4 Soligor, and T-2 Soligor can only be used for
When the Auto Miranda E lens is attached to Miranda camera models, other than the Auto Sensorex-EE, the f:1,6 aperture value cannot be used because it uses a diaphragm activating mechanism with a different operational angle.
CLICK HERE TO SEE A LIST OF MIRANDA E LENSES
ACCESSORIES FOR INCREASED VERSATILITY
In general photography, a pentaprism viewfinder is used. It shows the image right side up and right way round. The pentaprism viewfinder, has a hotshoe attached, for cordless flash photography.4www.butkus.org
Reflex Viewfinder VF-1
This is a viewfinder of an ordinary type and is used for low-angle or high-angle shooting. Facing sideways, it may be conveniently used for candid shots. The Viewfinder Hood flips-open. With the magnifier raised, the image is magnified for easy focusing. Through a reflex viewfinder, the image is shown right-and left inversed.
Reflex Viewfinder VF-3
Being one of Miranda's highly efficient viewfinders, this viewfinder shows its excellence in critical reproduction applications, close-ups, and photomicrography.
By erecting the center part of the viewfinder, the entire picture area can be viewed through its 5X magnifier.
When folded down, the center of the focusing screen can be viewed at 15X magnification for accurate focusing.
This viewfinder is tightly enclosed and permits easy viewing in bright places.
> Releasing a knob on its right side permits the bellows to slide forward. Tightening it back locks the bellows firmly.
> Between the two tracks is a scale giving magnification ratios and exposure factors, black figures on one side for the 50mm lens and red figures on its reverse for the short-barrel 135mm lens. This scale can be detached by removing a screw and re-attached to indicate the side which matches the lens being used.4www.butkus.org
> Magnification ratio is 1 ~2.6 times with 50mm lens and infinity to 0.6 times with short-barrel 135mm lens. The figures on the scale show magnification ratios at top and exposure at bottom.
> The magnification ratios are read off from the position indicated by the tip of the precision focusing device.
> Erect the track and lock it in position by moving the small button on the focusing knob side.
> The focusing knob is on the right side and the locking knob which is turned clockwise for locking the track is on the left side.
> The magnification scale on the left side is for 0.9 ~2.5 times with the 50mm lens, that on the right is for infinity to 0.5 times with the short-barrel 135mm lens.
> The magnification ratios can be read off from the position of the tip of the precision focussing device.
A Miranda standard lens without an extension attachment permits a close-up shot up to 43cm (a 21 x 14 size is approximately the maximum
size filling the viewfinder). For greater extension, extension tubes or Auto Extension Rings A1, A2 and AS are used.
> The Auto Extension rings are 8mm, 16mm and 32mm in thickness respectively. When an automatic diaphragm lens is used. the Auto~diaphragm mechanism still operates even with Extension Tubes attached. Extension Tubes
> The Extension Tubes are composed of the AU Adapter and 3 tubes. The AU Adapter is used to fix the bayonetmount lens onto the
Extension Tube. It is 8mm in thickness, the same thickness as the No. 1 ring.
The 3 rings are No. 1 (8mm), No. 2 (16mm} and No. 3 (32mm}. By alternately changing the AU Adapter tubes, a 0.15 - 1.23 extension can be obtained.
COPYSTAND AND MICROCOPY STAND
MIRANDA COPY STAND is fitted with arms for illumination lamps. A camera is held not only by the tripod socket
but also the metal brackets to insure a secure, horizontal hold of the camera. Easy reproduction of literature,
Microcopy Stand This multiple-use copystand is designed for reproduction photography and photomicrography. Its extra-solid die-cast construction permits vibration free reproduction, with either the regular Miranda cameras or the Laborec photomicrographic camera.
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