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DESCRIPTION OF PARTS
1. Film Rewind Knob/Back Cover Lock Release Knob
2. Film Rewind Crank
3. Film Speed Dial (ASA/DIN)
4. Film Speed Lock Button
5. Hot Shoe/Flash Contact
6. Shutter Speed Index Line
7. Shutter Speed Dial
8. Cable Release Socket
9. Shutter Release Button
10. Meter/Shutter ''ON-OFF'' Index Mark
11. Film Advance Lever
12. Exposure Counter
13. Neck Strap Eyelet
14. Lens Release Lever
15. Lens Locator Node
16. Focusing Ring
17. Distance Scale
18. F-Stop Ring
19. Sprocket Teeth
20. Film Guide Rail
21. Viewfinder Eyepiece
22. Film Rail
23. Film Rewind Shaft
24. Film Chamber
25. Battery Compartment Cover
26. Tripod Socket
27. Film Rewind Release Button
28. Film Take-up Spool
29. Back Cover
30. Film Pressure Plate
31. Microprism image Band
32. Split-image Spot
33. Exposure Meter Needle
34 Shutter Speed Needle
We are most gratified that you have selected the KR-5 which we are sure will give you many delightful years of picture-taking pleasure. The KR-5 is a 35 mm SLR camera which assures you superb optics and outstanding mechanical performance and reliability and which will justify your choice for years to come.
Before Using Your KR-5 .....
Please read this instruction booklet carefully and familiarize yourself with the equipment and its features thoroughly. Your pleasure in using your KR-5 will be greater if you know your camera properly.4www.butkus.org
The built-in through-the-lens CdS exposure metering
system of you' KR-5 operates on power activated by two 1.5V G13 silver-oxide
batteries. which are supplied together with your camera.
2. Place the two batteries into the compartment with the plus ( + ) side down as illustrated in the battery holder of Battery Compartment Cover (25) (Fig. 2) Make sure that the batteries are correctly placed. If incorrectly placed, Exposure Meter Needle (33) in the viewfinder will not move at all.
3. Replace Battery Compartment Cover (25) by screwing it clockwise until it stops but do not force
* When your camera is not used for a long period. remove the batteries and keep them in a cool. dry place.
* The batteries will last for about one year in normal use. We suggest you replace them regularly once a year on your birthday or sooner
Your KR-5 is designed to accept any standard 35 mm
color or black and white film roll in cartridge (12, 20. 24 or 36
2. Pull up Film Rewind Knob (1) until Back Cover (29) snaps open (Fig. 3). Then. pull it out all the way to allow for insertion of the film cartridge.
3. Swing open Back Cover (29) and place a film cartridge into Film Chamber (24) (Fig. 4).
4. Push down Film Rewind Knob ( 1 ) to its original
position by turning Film Rewind Crank (2) clockwise or counterclockwise
so that Film Rewind Shaft (23) engages the film cartridge and that the
film cartridge is seated in place (Fig. 5).
5. Draw the film leader across the camera back and insert it into one of the slits of Film Take-up Spool (28) (Fig. 6). To bring the slit into a convenient position. rotate Film Take-up Spool (28) in the direction of arrow with your finger.
6. Rotate Film Take-up Spool (28) by advancing Film
Advance Lever ( 11 ) to take up any slack in the film and check to see
that the film tip is firmly hooked onto Film Take-up Spool (28) (Fig. 7)
and that sprocket holes on the film are fully engaged on Sprocket Teeth
(19) (Fig. 8).
(Mike: Warning, this camera, as many of this type, will continue to advance the numbers even if the film is not loaded correctly. Always make sure the rewind knob turns as the film is advanced those first few time and at other times)
* As you advance Film Advance Lever (11). Film Rewind Knob (1) will simultaneously rotate counterclockwise indicating that the film is properly advanced.
Each type of film, color or black and white, has
its own sensitivity t light. This sensitivity is assigned by a numerical
value described as a' ASA rating (U.S.A. Standard) or a DIN rating (Europe
and most other countries). In most cases. both ASA and DIN ratings are
imprints/ on the film package. as well as the data sheet packed with the
film and film cartridge itself. The higher the film speed rating, the more
sensitive the film is to light; that is less light is required for a proper
exposure. The film speed, therefore, is an important element in insuring
that the through-the-lens metering system of your camera; determines the
correct shutter speed and f-stop combinations for; given lighting situation.
2. Take your finger off Film Speed Lock Button (4) to lock the film speed setting in the camera.
Film Advance Lever (11) controls exposure meter ''ON-OFF''
and shutter release ''LOCK-UNLOCK'' to protect your camera from unnecessary
depletion of the batteries and accidental shutter release when not taking
pictures. 40° pre-advance and 135° advance angle assures faster
winding and permits continuous operation for sequence photography.
Tips for Better Results
Your KR-5 has a built-in through-the-lens full aperture
CdS exposure meter which measures the light coming through the lens and
enables you to set the proper exposure for a given lighting condition.
The correct exposure is obtained by setting the shutter speed and f-stop
in the correct combination for the film, subject and lighting conditions.
4. Rotate F-Stop (lens opening) Ring (18) and align
Exposure Met/ Needle (33) with Shutter Speed Needle (34) (Fig. 15).4www.butkus.org
If Exposure Meter Needle (33) goes above Shutter Speed Need (34). this means ''overexposure'' (Fig. 16); select a faster shutter speed or a smaller lens opening.
On the contrary. if the need goes below Shutter Speed Needle (34). this means ''under exposure'' (Fig 17): choose a slower shutter speed or larger lens opening
This setting may be used when you take a portrait or the like, intentionally making your subject attractive with the background or the scene in front of it blurred How your subject turns out in the picture depends on the f-stop setting. (Refer to ''DEPTH OF FIELD''). The chart (Fig 18) shows the exposure value range (shutter speed and f-stop combination) of your camera's metering system for selected fill speeds
Though you learned how correct exposure is obtained, in unusual, lighting conditions, the desired effect or the correct exposure will n be obtained in the final picture and exposure compensation necessary
Back-lit subjects When the light is behind the subjects,
1. Move close to the subject for meter reading. then. move back, focus and shoot.
2. If it is impossible to approach the subject, adjust either shutter speed or lens opening to underexpose. When you adjust the lens opening. close down the aperture by 1 or 2 stops.
* Outside of the meter's coupling range, the exposure
meter will not respond correctly. For example, coupling range for ASA 100
film is from 1/8 sec. at f/2.2 to 1/500 sec. at f/ 16 (EV 5.3 - 17) (Fig.
18). If the light is too dim, use supplementary lighting.
The shutter controls the length of time the light is allowed to strike the film. The speed at which the shutter opens and closes is measured in fractions of a second that correspond to the numbers on Shutter Speed Dial (7). For example. ''500" is 1/500 sec., "125" is 1/125 sec., and so on.
Tips for Better Results
* Do not set Shutter Speed Dial (7) between marked speeds, but, click stop in accordance with indicated speeds only.
The lens opening determines the amount of light entering
the lens and exposing the film. The smaller the f-stop (f/2.2. f/2.8, etc.),
the wider the lens opening and the greater the amount of light entering
the lens. The larger the f-stop (f/16. f/11. etc.), the smaller the lens
opening and the smaller the amount of light entering the lens. As the lens
opening is moved from f/16 to f/11. the amount of light entering the lens
is doubled. As the lens opening is moved from f/2.8 to f/4 the amount of
entering light is cut in half (Fig. 19).
Since you are viewing through the lens, there is no parallax problem. What you are viewing in the viewfinder will exactly appear in your picture. This enables you to determine the exact composition of your subjects before pressing Shutter Release Button (9). Even when you shoot close-ups, there is no danger of accidentally cutting off a portion of your picture. To assure the sharpest possible pictures, your KR-5 has a three way focusing screen with diagonal Split-image Spot (32). Microprism-image Band (31 ) and Fresnel field, and you can select three way focusing according to your subject.
1. Look into Viewfinder Eyepiece (21) to compose your subject.
After the last picture on the roll of film has been
taken, rewind the film and unload your camera.
1. Press Film Rewind Release Button (27) (Fig. 22).
* When you reach the end of the roll of film, Film Advance Level ( 11 ) will tighten and refuse to advance. If this happens, do not advance Film Advance Lever (11) by force for ''Just one more shot'', otherwise the film will be torn out of the cartridge.
* Film Rewind Release Button (27) will remain in place once it is pressed, and return automatically to its original position when Film Advance Lever (11) is advanced.
You can use a flash at night or in a dimly lit room as well as for supplementary lighting in outdoor photography. The camera ant electronic flash will be fully synchronized with the shutter speed al ''B'' and 1/8 sec to 1/60 sec.
* ''60'' (1/60 sec ) on Shutter Speed Dial (7) is
marked in red as c reminder for electronic flash synchronization (Fig 24)
The exposure is determined by the guide number of the electronic flash unit. The guide number represents a relationship between the light output of the flash and the speed of the film. Guide numbers for electronic flash units are found in the technical specifications. Using the guide number. you can determine the correct f-stop for a given flash situation using the following formula:
F-stop = Guide number - divided by - Flash-to-subject distance.
For example, if your flash unit has a guide number of 16(m) or 52.8 (ft.) for the type of film you are using, and your subject is 2 meters (6.6 ft ) from the flash unit as indicated on Distance Scale (17) after focusing, divide 16 (52.8) by 2 (6.6). The answer is 8. Therefore, set F-Stop Ring ( 18) to 8 (f/8).
(Mike: Most flash units have very good "A" auto modes. Find the F-stop the flash recommends and set the f-stop to that setting, as well as the shutter to 1/60. Newer Ricoh cameras can go to 1/125. Auto units with bounce will work automatically too.)
Tips for Better Results
* Most electronic flash units have a built-in dial or exposure table which enables you to quickly compute f-stops based on flash-to-subject distances.
To mount the lens on the camera
2. Grasp the lens firmly around the lens barrel and turn it clockwise until it clicks into place.
1. Grasp the lens firmly around the lens barrel in one hand.
2. With the other hand, hold the camera body and
press Lens Release Lever (14) and turn the lens counterclockwise until
it stops (Fig. 26). The lens now can be removed.
You can also change lenses easily without looking even in the dark by means of Lens Locator Node (15). Line up Lens Locator Node (15) with Lens Release Lever (14) and turn the lens clockwise for mounting the lens. For removing the lens, press Lens Release Lever (14) and turn the lens counterclockwise until Lens Locator Node (15) and Lens Release Lever (14) line up.
Tips for Better Results
* Do not touch any of the internal parts or permit dust or dirt to enter the camera body when removing or attaching lenses.
* Protect the inside of the camera by putting on the body cap whenever the camera is carried or kept with the lens removed.4www.butkus.org
When you focus on a specific subject, an area in front of and behind the subject will appear acceptably sharp in your picture.
This area of acceptable sharpness is called "Depth of Field''. The depth of field is determined by the f-stop you select and the distance from the in-focus subject to the film plane. As you get closer to you subject, or as you open your lens (for example from f/16 to f/2.2) the depth of field becomes shallower. By stopping the lens down (for example. from f/2.2 to f/16), the depth of field becomes deeper. The depth of field can be pre-determined in the following way.
INTERCHANGEABLE LENSES AND ACCESSORIES
A wide range of XR RIKENON interchangeable lenses
including, extremely wide angle lenses, telephoto lenses, zoom lenses and
various accessories are available to enable you to expand the pleasure
of your picture-taking. XR RIKENON interchangeable lenses and accessories
are made of selected high quality materials under strict quality control
to assure you of high performance and full satisfaction. Select XR RIKENON
interchangeable lenses that will meet your needs.
(MIKE: These can be the standard "K" mount lens, Ka (with Pentax "program" contact pins) or Kr (Ricoh "program" contact pins. Newer lenses are usually Ka/r that will work in program mode with Pentax and Ricoh cameras. It doesn't matter what lens as this is a fully manual camera)
Since the camera is designed to accept any lens with the ''K'' type bayonet mount, your KR-5 affords you the opportunity to select any interchangeable lens or accessory of the ''K'' type bayonet mount available on the market.
PROPER CARE OF YOUR CAMERA
* Always carry your camera with its carrying case and neck strap.
* Use the lens cap to protect the lens when not taking pictures.
* Protect your camera from dust, dirt, water, rain, dampness. salt air and rough handling.4www.butkus.org
* Never expose your camera to excessively high or low temperatures for an extended period of time. In extremely hot climates, do not leave your camera inside closed automobiles during the daytime or in direct sunlight.
* In extremely cold climates, expose your camera to the outer air only when in use. When using, expose your camera gradually to the outer air to prevent the lens from clouding.
* If exposed to an extremely cold climates, the exposure meter batteries may fail to operate properly. Keep your camera inside your clothing until taking a picture.
* Never touch the surfaces of the lens, metal focal plane shutter curtain. reflex mirror, etc. with your fingers.
* To clean the lens, gently wipe it in a circular motion with a lens cleaning paper or a soft, clean and lintless cloth.
* Do not wipe the camera body with chemicals, such as benzine, thinner. etc. use only soft cloth or cotton swab sprinkle LIGHTLY with alcohol on the camera body. Do not use them the lens because it can affect coating.
* When your camera is not in use for an extended period of time put the lens cap, remove the batteries, place your camera in it's carrying case together with silica gel or other desiccant and store it in a dry and cool place. * Never store your camera in places where the temperatures a excessively high or low.
* Do not attempt to disassemble or repair your camera yourself. If service is necessary, get in touch with your dealer or authorize Ricoh service station.
* Do not leave your camera near the magnetic objects like radio television set. etc.
MAJOR SPECIFICATIONS OF KR-5
Camera Type: 35 mm SLR with metal focal plane shutter.
Film Format: 24 x 36 mm
Film Size and Capacity: 35 mm perforated film in 12, 20, 24 or 36 exposures.
Standard Lenses: 55 mm RICONAR f/2.2. 4 groups 4 elements
Filter size: 52 mm screw-in type
Lens Mount: ''K" type bayonet with 65° rotating angle
Shutter: Vertically moving Copal CCS metal focal plane shutter with speeds from 1/8 to 1/500 sec. plus B.
Exposure meter needle and Shutter speed needle visible.
Viewing magnification 0.89X (55 mm f/2.2 lens)
Field of view covers 93% of actual picture area
Focusing: Diagonal Split-image spot in microprism-image band surrounded by Fresnel field
Exposure Coupling Range: EV 5.3 - 17 (ASA 100 film with 55 mm f/2.2 lens)
Film Speed Range: ASA 12 ~ 3200 (DIN 12 ~ 36)
Exposure Meter Power Supply: Two 1.5V silver-oxide batteries (JIS G13, Mallory MS76 Eveready S76 or equivalent).
Flash Synchronization: X Synchronization for electronic flash unit at ''B'' and 1/8 sec. to 1/60 sec.
Flash Contact: "X'' contact on hot shoe for cordless electronic flash unit
Film Loading: Multi-slit easy loading
Film Wind: Single stroke film advance lever with 135° winding angle (40° play)
Film Rewind: Film rewind crank by pressing film rewind button on base of camera
Exposure Counter: Additive, automatic resetting.
Meter on/off switch (with film advance lever)
ASA/DIN dial lock
Cable release socket
Weight: 540 9 (Body only)
* Specifications are subject to change without notice.