Sears KSX-P 35mm camera
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This manual (which is printed by Sears in Black and White) can be used for the Chinon CP-5, DP-5, and CP-6.   So any statements about the figures showing colored lights in the viewfinder will show up Black and White. This Sears KSX-P is a direct clone of the CP-5 (Chinon Program - 5) with the Sears name on it.  The CP-5s is a variation with a spot metering system.  The DP-5 has a chrome top with a few different markings.  The CP-6 has a spot metering system and a DX film reading system in the camera back which is not stated in this manual.  You can manually change the ASA setting on the CP-6 by just moving the Exposure compensation.  The exposure compensation dial by the rewind knob that allows two stops over and under exposure until until it is set to "0" again..   This camera can use any Chinon (to automatically set flash shutter speed) flash or the specific Sears flash (listed in this manual) that will set the shutter speed.www.4.butkus.org 

Sears usually sold Ricoh made cameras (KS brands: K for K-mount - S for Sears) which were clones of the Ricoh KR (K for K-mount and R for Ricoh) but Ricoh flashes will only set the shutter speed on their own cameras.  I would not even use a Ricoh dedicated flash on a Chinon or Chinon clone camera as the special contact pins could damage the Chinon/Sears electronics.


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CONTENTS  

Items covered in this manual

Description of Parts

1. Attaching the Viewfinder Cap and Strap

2. Changing lenses

3. Inserting batteries

4. Battery testing

5. Inserting film

6. Setting the film speed

7. Viewfinder information

8. I. Programmed Auto-Exposure (AK) mode ("P" mode)

8. II. Two-stage programmed AE (for advanced use)

9. AE (Automatic exposure) photography

10. Manual photography

11. Shutter release and release lock

12. Holding the camera

13. Focusing

14. Rewinding the film

15. AE lock system

16. Exposure compensation system

17. B (Bulb) setting

18. Flash photography

18. A - With automatic flashes

18. B - with manual flashes

18. C - with sync cord

19. Multiple exposure photography

20. Self-timer photography and use of the viewfinder cap

21. Depth of field

22. Infrared photography

23. Multi-Sound system

24. Special accessories

25. Proper care of your camera

Specifications of a KSX-P

CONGRATULATIONS!

You have just purchased a fine camera that will give you many years of picture-taking pleasure. Your SEARS KSX-P camera is one of the most sophisticated 35mm SLR cameras available today. The KSX-P is the world's first two-stage programmed AE (Automatic Exposure) camera, aperture priority AE and full manual control. The two-stage programmed AE allows you to shoot fast moving or slow moving subjects to allow maximum versatility with your creative photographic needs. Employing a full information electronic viewfinder with variable intensity LED's' the KSX-P program camera is extremely easy to operate even under the most adverse lighting conditions.www.4.butkus.org

Before using your KSX-P

Please read this instruction booklet carefully and thoroughly familiarize yourself with the equipment and its features. The pleasure you receive from 35mm photography will be greatly increased with complete knowledge of how your camera operates.


DESCRIPTION OF PARTS

1. Manual shutter speed select button/Exposure memory button

2. Program mode selector

3. Shutter release button


4. Exposure mode select dial

5. Film advance lever

6. Exposure counter

7. Multiple exposure lever

8. Self-timer LED

9. Shoulder strap eyelet

10. Auto-Focus electronic contacts

11. Self-timer/Audible signal on-off switch

12. Power grip attachment screw

13. Lens lock release lever

14. Power grip (battery compartment)

15. Accessory flash shoe (hot shoe)

16. Film rewind knob and back opening knob

17. Film speed dial (ISO/ASA)

18. F stop window

19. Aperture ring

20. Depth of field scale

21. X sync socket

22. Focusing ring

23. Viewfinder eyepiece

24. Metal focal plane shutter

25. Film chamber


26. Film rail

27. Film guide rail

28. Power source contact (with power winder only) 4www.butkus.org

29. Power winder electronic contacts

30. Tripod socket

31. Sprocket teeth

32. Multi-slotted film take-up spool

33. Camera back

34. Film pressure plate

35. Power winder coupler

36. Auto Date electronic contacts

37. Rewind button
 
 

1. ATTACHING THE VIEWFINDER CAP AND STRAP

Viewfinder Cap

For instructions on how to use the Viewfinder Cap, read the section on Self-Timer Photography and Use of the Viewfinder Cap.

1. Attach the Viewfinder Cap to the strap.
2. Put the strap through the Strap Eyelets and adjust to the correct length.

Place the end of the shoulder strap through the eyelet ring (Fig. l).
Place the end of the strap through plastic holder and adjust the length of the strap (Fig. 2).
Pass the strap through the metal adjustment buckle to secure (Fig. 3).
 

2. CHANGING LENSES

Your SEARS KSX-P program camera is equipped with a standard "K"- type bayonet mount which accepts all interchangeable lenses with the "K" bayonet mount. (Mike: to use any of the "program modes" you must use a PKa or PK a/r lens)

To Remove the Lens from the Camera4www.butkus.org
1. Depress the Lens Release Lever, and turn the lens in the direction of the arrow (Fig. 4).


To Mount the Lens on the Camera

1. Line up the red dot on the lens mount with the matching red dot on the camera body (Fig. 5).

2. When the lens has engaged, turn it in the direction of the arrow until it clicks into place (Fig. 6).

* Indicator (0) on the lens rim shows filter size. For example, 49 (0) indicates a 49mm filter. Refer to this filter size when purchasing SEARS accessory filters. l

 


 
 

3. INSERTING THE BATTERIES

The automatic exposure metering and shutter operation of this camera are powered by batteries, so it is important to insert the batteries correctly for proper operation.
1. Turn the screw on the side of the power grip counterclockwise to remove the power grip from the camera body
(Fig. 7).

2. Place three 1.5V "AAA" alkaline batteries in the power grip as indicated (Fig. 8).

NOTE: Attach the power grip to the camera body by turning the screw clockwise to secure it.

 


1. Make sure that the batteries are inserted correctly, i.e., check polarity (+ and -). The shutter will operate only when batteries are correctly installed and not exhausted. When replacing batteries, replace all three batteries at the same time.

2. When your camera is not used for a long period of time, remove the batteries. If batteries are dead or improperly inserted, the shutter release button will not operate.

3. Generally, in cold conditions, the voltage of the batteries decreases, and this will impair the functioning of the shutter and exposure meter. In these cases, either warm up the batteries or keep a spare set warm in your pocket ready to insert just before shooting.4www.butkus.org


4. BATTERY TESTING
1. Set the exposure mode select dial to the "P" position (Fig. 9).

2. Look through the viewfinder and depress the shutter release button halfway down to confirm that at least one of the LED indicators in the viewfinder illuminates (Fig. 1 0).

3. If nothing illuminates, replace the batteries with a fresh set or check to ensure that batteries are correctly installed.

NOTE: Battery testing cannot be accomplished with the exposure mode select dial set at the "OFF" or "B" position.4www.butkus.org

 

 

5. INSERTING FILM

(Always avoid direct sunlight when inserting film.)
1. Pull up the Film Rewind Knob until the Back cover snaps open (Fig. 11).

2. Insert the film in the Film Chamber with the protruding end of the cartridge positioned to the bottom of the camera. Push the Film Rewind Knob down to its former position (Fig. 12).

3. Insert the film leader into one of the slits on the Multi-Slot Film Take-up Spool (Fig. 13).

 



(Just a warning, if the film is not inserted correctly, the film numbers will advance but the film will not.  Always check that the  rewind knob turns when you advance the film)

4. Turn the Exposure Mode Select Dial to the "M" or "X" setting. Then advance the film, making sure that the sprocket holes on the film are fully engaged on the Sprocket Teeth. Close and press the Back Cover firmly to lock it (Fig. 14).

5. Pull up the Film Rewind Crank and turn it gently in the direction of the arrow until the slack in the film has been taken up and the rewind knob stops. Do not force this knob (Fig. 15).

6. Advance the film and press the Shutter Release Button a few times until the number "1" appears in the Exposure Counter (Fig. 16). As you advance the Film Advance Lever, the Film Rewind Knob rotates indicating that the film is properly advancing. Turn the Exposure Mode Select Dial to the desired position.4www.butkus.org

* A convenient "Memo Holder" is provided on the back of your camera. Whenever you load new film, just cut off the top of the film box and put it in the "Memo Holder" as a reminder of the type of film and number of exposures you are using.

* When loading film, set your Exposure Mode Select Dial to "M" or "X" setting, rather than A or P. This procedure will allow rapid advance to the number 1 position on the Exposure Counter. If A (auto) or P (program) is used during the film loading process, and the lens cap is left on the camera, a delay of up to 30 seconds may occur between depressions of the Shutter Release Button in advancing to the number 1 position.
Be sure to set the Shutter Speed Dial back to A or P before taking pictures.

* When inserting film in cold conditions, the Film Leader may become hard and brittle. Consider warming the leader in your hand prior to insertion to prevent leader breakage.

6. SETTING THE FILM SPEED
The film speed is the basic element for determining proper exposure, so please be sure to set the film speed correctly. Film speed can normally be found on the film box or the film canister. Pull up the Film Speed Dial and turn the dial to align the appropriate ISO/ASA number with the red index mark (Fig. 17). For example, if the film speed is ISO/ASA 100, set "100" on the Film Speed Dial to the red index mark. Film speeds not appearing on the Film Speed Dial may be set using the click-stop setting between the indicated numbers.
 



 

7. VIEWFINDER INFORMATION


1. Aperture (It's a reflection of the F-stop on the lens.  Viewable only in bright light)

2. Flash ready LED (red)

3. Program AE indicator LED (green)

4. Over exposure LED (red)

5. Shutter speed LED (green)

6. Slow shutter speed LED (yellow)

7. Under exposure LED (red)

8. Shutter speed scale

9. Split image rangefinder

10. Microprism collar

11. Ground glass


8. I. Programmed Exposure mode ("P" mode)
Your SEARS KSX-P program camera automatically selects the most suitable combination of shutter speed and aperture for the optimum exposure. The program mode is ideal for general picture taking and ease of operation, eliminating I troublesome exposure settings. The SEARS KSX-P program I camera is also equipped with the "DUAL" Program mode. I The "Pa" mode or "ACTION" mode, which selects the fastest practical shutter speed, is recommended in most cases.4www.butkus.org


1. Set the Exposure Mode Select Dial to the Green "P" position (Fig. 18).

2. Set the Program Mode Selector to the "Pa" position (Fig. 19).

3. Set the lens at its minimum aperture (Fig. 20). This setting is color coded green on your standard 50mm lens to match the green "P" setting on the Exposure Mode Select Dial. Accessory lenses should also be set at their minimum aperture.

4. While looking at the shutter speed indicator scale in the viewfinder, slightly depress the shutter release button. The "PROG" LED and program selected shutter speed LED indicators light up (Fig. 21). Further pressure on the shutter button will release the shutter.

   

 

* PROGRAM mode warning:
The "PROG" LED indicator (green) in the viewfinder will "flicker" when the lens aperture is set within four stops of the lens full aperture opening. This is to warn you of the limited programmed exposure range. Beyond four stops of full aperture opening, the "PROG" LED indicator will remain illuminated at the programmed mode. Thus, set the lens aperture, so as not to cause the "Programmed AE mode warning LED" to flicker.4www.butkus.org



8. II. Two-stage programmed AE (For advanced use)

The KSX-P camera is designed with a two-stage program, which gives you greater photographic versatility: select either program mode, based on your photographic needs, with the one-touch lever (Fig. 22).
 

1. Program Pa (Table A)


The Pa mode selects maximum shutter speed to minimize camera shake, and is designed to be used when photographing "hi-speed" (moving) objects. This program mode allows you to stop action.
 

2. Program Pc (Table B)

The Pc mode gives priority to the lens aperture, which affects the depth of field. This mode is convenient when taking pictures of hard-to-focus objects and when using wide angle lenses. This program mode seeks out the correct exposure with the smallest aperture (lens opening). Therefore you will achieve the greatest in-focus depth to your photos.
 

3. Programmed AE mode warning and aperture setting. (Table C) Unlike other program cameras, SEARS KSX-P camera accepts any existing "K" mount lens even in the program mode. Generally, you should set the aperture at its minimum setting (largest number on f-stop aperture ring). Although you can take a perfectly exposed picture at any aperture setting, the applicable programmed range is limited in this connection, thus the program AE mode warning LED is useful to check the lens aperture setting for program mode. The programmed AE Mode warning "PROG" LED will "flicker" when the lens aperture is within four stops of the full opening aperture. Set the aperture within the range so that the warning LED will not "flicker". Follow your own photographic needs; however, in such a case for instance, using the 50mm f/ l.4 lens with its f-stop set at 5.6, the camera is controlled by the program characteristics of f/1.4 through f/5.6, beyond f/5.6, the camera is controlled by the aperture priority automatic exposure mode (See table C).4www.butkus.org
 

9. AE (AUTOMATIC EXPOSURE) PHOTOGRAPHY

Operating in the "A" setting, you select the aperture (f-stop on the aperture ring) and the camera will automatically select the appropriate shutter speed. After you have set the Exposure Mode Select Dial to "A" and the aperture ring to the desired f-stop, your SEARS KSX-P camera will automatically select the appropriate stepless shutter speed from 8 sec. to a fast 1/1000 sec. "A" mode is convenient for taking pictures at specific aperture settings based on your individual needs.

1. Set the "A" on the Exposure Mode Select Dial against the Shutter Speed Red Index Mark (Fig. 23).

2. Use the F-Stop Ring to set the desired f-stop number against the Index Line (Fig. 24).

3. When the shutter release button is depressed halfway, the exposure control circuit is energized and will be in the monitoring stage (Fig. 25). You can see the computerized shutter speed displayed in the viewfinder by green and yellow LED's (Fig. 26).

 



4. If the displayed speed is 1/30 or slower (yellow LED's with audible signal), use of a tripod is recommended, or you can increase the shutter speed by opening the lens diaphragm to a larger aperture. Use of a flash unit is also suggested.4www.butkus.org
 
5. When the Overexposure LED (third from the top of the scale with double audible signal) (Fig. 27) or the Underexposure LED (at the bottom of the scale with double audible signal) (Fig. 28) appears, you should select another f-stop number by turning the lens aperture ring, as the exposure is incorrect.

 


F-STOP NUMBER GUIDE

The following f-stop settings are general guidelines for your use. However, you should remember to follow the LED indicators in your viewfinder for proper exposure.
 
 

With ISO/ASA 100 Film
 
Lighting Conditions
 F-Stop Number Range
Indoors
Outdoors, cloudy
Outdoors, sunshine
Beach in mid-summer and
snow-scenes
F/1.7 - 2.8
F/4. - 5.6
F/8 - 11

F/11 - 16


 

With ISO/ASA 400 Film
 
Lighting Conditions
 F-Stop Number Range
Indoors
Outdoors, cloudy
Outdoors, sunshine
Beach in mid-summer and
snow-scenes
F/4 - 5.6
F/8 - 11
F/16 - 22

F/22


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