Ricohmatic 35
posted 3-21-'04

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OUTSTANDING FEATURES OF RICOHMATIC 35

•  ABSOLUTE and AUTOMATIC EXPOSURE CONTROL anywhere and anytime. 
•   Split-second TRIGGERMATIC ACTION LEVER enables rapid photography at the rate of A SHOT PER SECOND. 
•  Exclusive NO-CORD FLASH CONTACT. With the RICOH FLASH UNIT BC-605D, there will be NO DANGLING CORD,
     NO BULB FAILURES DUE TO FAULTY CONNECTIONS. 
• The unique FLASH EXPOSURE DIAL and the FLASH EXPOSURE COLOR CODE system make your flash photography a thing of pleasure. 
• The RICOHMATIC 35 exposure system allows a wide selection of black & white and color films.
    Automatic exposure control is possible with ASA 10, 25, 32, 50, 80, 100 and 200. 
•   Automatic Filter Factor Compensation  
Picture PRINCIPAL PARTS
1) CABLE RELEASE SOCKET
2) CARRYING STRAP PLUG-IN SOCKETS 
3) SHUTTER RELEASE LEVER 
4) CIRCULAR ELECTRIC EYE WINDOW
5) RICOH KOMINAR F 2.8 LENS (4 ELEMENTS) 
6) TRIGGERMATIC ACTION LEVER 
7) RANGEFINDER
8) FLASH SYNCHRO OUTLET 
9) BRIGHT FRAME VIEWFINDER

 

Picture 10) SELF-TIMER LEVER
11) ASA NUMBER WINDOW 
12) EXPOSURE NUMBER RING 
13) FOCUSING RING
14) FLASH EXPOSURE COLOR CODE
15) ACCESSORY SHOE
16) CORDLESS FLASH CONTACT 

 


Picture 17) BACK COVER PULL RELEASE 
18) RAPID REWIND CRANK 
19) FILM COUNTER 
20) FLASH EXPOSURE LEVER 
21) FLASH EXPOSURE SCALE 
22) DIN NUMBER WINDOW
23) TRIPOD SCREW-IN BUSHING 
24) REWIND RELEASE BUTTON 
25) FILM PRESSURE PLATE

 

 

Picture

26) TAKE-UP SPOOL
27) TAKE-UP SPOOL SLOT
28) FILM ADVANCE SPROCKET 
29) REWIND SPOOL SPINDLE
30) COUPLED RANGEFINDER AND VIEWFINDER EYEPIECE 
31) FLASH EXPOSURE DIAL 
32) GUIDE NUMBER, FEET 
33) GUIDE NUMBER, METER 
34) BACK COVER

 

CAUTION
• For any photography other than flash photography, ALWAYS set the FLASH EXPOSURE SCALE at "A" or " AUTOMATIC." (Fig. 1) 

• The CARRYING STRAP is attached as follows:  
First, match up the CARRYING STRAP PLUG blue dots with the blue circles on the CARRYING STRAP PLUG-IN SOCKETS.  

Then, merely push in the plugs.  To remove the plugs, turn the CARRYING STRAP PLUG until the blue dots coincide with the red half circles and then pull out the plugs. (Fig. 2)

 


LOADING RICOHMATIC 35 
Picture AVOID DIRECT SUNLIGHT.
ALWAYS LOAD AND UNLOAD
FILM IN SUBDUED LIGHT OR SHADE 

Place the camera on your lap or on some soft material to prevent any damage or shock to any part of the camera mechanism. 

1. Pull up the BACK COVER PULL RELEASE to open the BACK COVER. (Fig. 3)

 

   

Picture 2. Raise the RAPID REWIND CRANK to vertical position and pull until it stops. 

3. Load the film cartridge and push in the RAPID REWIND CRANK to its original position. (Fig. 4) Make sure both the film cartridge axle and the REWIND SPINDLE are properly engaged with each other. 

4. Pull down the trigger and move the TRIGGERMATIC ACTION LEVER until the TAKE-UP SPOOL SLOT appears at top. Insert the exposed film strip tip firmly into the TAKE-UP SPOOL SLOT (Fig. 5) 

5. If the shutter is cocked, the TRIGGERMATIC ACTION LEVER cannot be moved. Therefore, release the SHUTTER RELEASE LEVER first.

Picture As you work the TRIGGERMATIC ACTION LEVER, make doubly sure the film perforations are firmly and properly engaged with the FILM ADVANCE SPROCKET teeth. (Fig. 6) 

6. Checking once again that the film perforations are properly engaged, close the BACK COVER GENTLY but FIRMLY. 


Picture 7. Pull the TRIGGERMATIC ACTION LEVER as far as it will move. This winds one frame and automatically cocks the shutter. Release the SHUTTER RELEASE LEVER and repeat this step two more times. When the number "I" appears in the FILM COUNTER (Fig. 7) your camera is ready for use.

 UNLOADING RICOHMATIC 35
Picture UNLOAD FILM UNDER SUBDUED LIGHT OR SHADE. 
After 20 or 36 exposures has been completely exposed, the TRIGGERMATIC ACTION LEVER will stop midway and can be moved no further. EXCESSIVE PULLING OF THIS LEVER AT THIS POINT MAY TEAR FILM PERFORATIONS AND EVEN SPOIL THE LAST PART OF THE FILM. 
• To rewind the exposed film, flip up the RAPID REWIND CRANK. While depressing the REWIND RELEASE BUTTON, carefully turn the RAPID REWIND CRANK in the direction of the black arrow. 
• When the film has been completely wound, the CRANK will suddenly become very loose. After you feel absolutely sure the film has been completely rewound, pull up the BACK COVER PULL RELEASE and open the BACK COVER. 
• Pull out the FILM REWIND CRANK to disengage the REWIND SPOOL SPINDLE from the film cartridge axle and remove the film.

 

SETTING RICOHMATIC 35
 Picture Revolve the EXPOSURE NUMBER RING until the number matches the ASA or DIN exposure index of the film you are using (Fig. 8) Far daylight photography keep the FLASH EXPOSURE SCALE at "A" or "AUTOMATIC."


   
 TAKING THE PHOTOGRAPH
Picture 1. Point the camera at the subject to be taken. Look through the COUPLED RANGEFINDER AND VIEWFINDER EYEPIECE and completely frame your subject material within the bright-line frame. When taking a photograph at about 5 feet, use the inside markings just inside the bright-line frame. The markings are corrected for parallax (Fig. 9) 
2.
In the EYEPIECE, you will find a red colored line at the bottom of the brightline frame. That red-colored line indicates underexposure. " When the vertical needle appears in this zone, light levels are not suitable for photography and additional light, either natural or artificial, is required (Fig. 10) When the needle can not be seen inside the red-colored line, everything is correct for photography (Fig. 11) 


Picture 3. Make sure again the subject is properly aligned in the bright-line frame. 
GENTLY pull down the SHUTTER RELEASE LEVER.

4. The CABLE RELEASE SOCKET is used for attaching a cable release.

 
Picture • The CIRCULAR ELECTRIC EYE is a selenium photocell. When light strikes this electric eye, an electric current is generated accordance with the strength of the light source. 
• This current in turn is transmitted to a galvanometer. Then, the needle in your COUPLED RANGEFINDER AND VIEWFINDER indicates the brightness of your subject material. 
• However, your RICOHMATIC 35 CIRCULAR ELECTRIC EYE does ultimately MORE. Its electronic brain automatically selects the correct lens opening and shutter speed combination and SETS THE CAMERA FOR YOU. All this takes place much faster than you can blink your eyelids.


Picture
It is advisable to shade the lens in bright sunshine. If the RICOH HOOD is not available, use hand.
 • In the reflected-light type of electric eye, the standing rule is to measure light by pointing the CIRCULAR ELECTRIC EYE WINDOW at the subject material. But, when photographing people against a bright background, you should try to get close enough to the subject material so you can get a true reading of only the reflected light from the subject material. • Also, when photographing a distant or panoramic scenery, be careful of the bright skylight. The electric eye, being especially sensitive to the brightest light source, the relatively dark land area is liable to turn out underexposed.  

HOLDING RICOHMATIC 35
• As a considerable amount of photography will be done with the camera hand-held, always bring the camera close to you, with your arms supported solidly against your chest or sides and the camera body pressed firmly against your cheeks. • Any erratic or sudden movement of the camera will result in blurred photographs. Therefore, conditions permitting, steady your camera with a tripod or on some flat surface.  Picture

 
Picture •  In holding your camera in horizontal position, use the COUPLED RANGEFINDER AND VIEWFINDER EYEPIECE with your LEFT eye. Focus with your thumb and forefinger on the FOCUSING RING. (Fig. 12) • In vertical position, use the COUPLED RANGEFINDER AND VIEWFINDER EYEPIECE with your RIGHT eye. Adjust focus with your middle finger and release the SHUTTER RELEASE LEVER with your thumb. (Fig. 13) Or, you can use the EYEPIECE with your LEFT eye and adjust focus with your forefinger. The shutter will be released with the forefinger of your RIGHT hand.


The red line zone in the COUPLED RANGEFINDER   AND VIEWFINDER tells you when a flash must be used.   So,   if the needle is   within this   redline zone, use the RICOH FLASH UNIT BC-605D. 

• After you have purchased the flashbulbs best suited for your purposes, look for the GUIDE NUMBER clearly indicated on the box or instruction sheet. Match the GUIDE NUMBER (FEET or METER, whatever the case may be) with the flashbulb guide number. 
• Now, focus the camera on the subject material with the FOCUSING RING. Note the color on the FLASH EXPOSURE COLOR CODE. Determine which letter or number (Al 2 3) on the FLASH EXPOSURE DIAL this particular color corresponds to. 
•   If this particular color corresponds to 2, adjust the FLASH EXPOSURE SCALE to 2. Now you are all ready for flash photography. As long as you keep the FLASH EXPOSURE SCALE properly adjusted, your flash photography will provide you with greater photographic enjoyment.

Picture • The RICOHMATIC 35 can be used with M and electronic flash equipment. However, when using color film it is advisable to use special flashbulbs. Your neighborhood dealer will suggest the most suitable flashbulb for your color photography needs. When you use electronic flash, no filters are required on your camera in color photography because the electronic flash closely approximates natural sunlight.
Picture Picture

COLOR PHOTOGRPHY
• Basically, there are two types of color film--daylight and tungsten. There are two types because of the difference in light source and color temperature. *The daylight type film is designed to render the proper color balance during the brightest hours on a fine day -from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. The UV filter left on the camera at all times, checks any bluish effect of ultraviolet rays or skylight on daylight film prevalent in fine weather. 

*On the other hand, the tungsten type film is designed to produce the proper color balance for shooting subject material such as stage or night scenery under special photographic lamps. 

*If used in daylight, the subject material will be covered with deep blue. If used under regular home tungsten lamp the film will turn out reddish.   In both of these cases, a color temperature conversion filter is used to correct this discrepancy in color temperatures. Note : Especially in color photography it is advisable to have film developed as soon as possible. 

TRIGGERMATIC ACTION LEVER IN RAPID SEQUENCE PHOTOGRAPHY
 The unique TRIGGERMATIC ACTION LEVER is especially outstanding when speed and continuous shots are required. Split-second film winding enables photography at the rate of 10 shots every 10 seconds.

THE USE OF FILTERS 
* Filters are colored glass which change the amount and quality of light reaching the film through the lens. Filters are especially effective outdoors on a sunny day but, in cloudy or rainy weather filters are of very little sense. Snow and beach scenes can be beautifully interpreted with the proper use of filters.
Picture UV Filter • The UV filter is a colorless filter which absorbs invisible ultra-violet rays so that distant views, and subjects under strong sunlight will turn out clear. It absorbs excessive blueness so is ideal for average color photography. Make it a practise to keep the UV filter on the lens at all times to prevent any damage to the lens
Picture Yellow 2 Filter • This filter absorbs ultra-violet rays, bluish purple and a part of blue but admits red and yellow. It darkens the sky and makes the white clouds prominent. This filter is used most often when taking scenery with a blue sky background, human subjects and in snapshot photography. Without this filter, the clouds would disappear and the whole sky would become white.

THE CARE OF THE CAMERA
1. The lens is the heart of the camera so re quires the best of care. Brush lightly with a lens brush and wipe fingerprints off with soft chamois, soft bleached cotton or gauze daubed with a little alcohol applied with a circular motion beginning at the center and working outward. 
2. If a camera is suddenly brought into a warm place from a cold place, the lens will cloud up. Wait until the lens warm up and the cloud will gradually disappear. 
3. When you have taken photographs by the seaside or in wet weather, always wipe the camera thoroughly before putting it away.
4. Never leave the camera shutter cocked over long periods of time as this will weaken the delicate shutter mechanism spring.
5. When putting away the camera, put it in a box and store in a dry, cool place. A bag of silica gel, a drying agent, should always be placed in the box with the camera. 
6. Always place cap over lens to protect both lens and CIRCULAR ELECTRIC EYE WINDOW from any damage. 
7. Make it a practice to keep your camera in the case to preserve its finish. 
8. Make a note of the camera body and lens number and keep it in a safe place. This information will be of help if the camera is stolen or lost.