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CAMERA KIEV -60 TTL
The KIEV-60 TTL is a reflex camera with frame size 6x6 cm of the TTL system. The camera is designed for the use of a roll non-perforated photographic film of 61.5 mm in width, type 120 (122 pictures can be taken using this film). It is intended for amateur picture-taking.
The camera operates in the temperature interval from minus 15 to plus 45 °C.
The curtain shutter of the camera provides speeds in the range of 1/1000 to 1/2 s and manual exposure "B".
The shutter cocking mechanism is of the lever type, interlocked with the film-transport mechanism and frame counter.
The camera is focused through a ground glass surface, microscreen and wedges located in the centre of the field of vision of the view finder. The back of the camera is thrown back on a hinge.
The scale of the frame counter returns into its initial position automatically when the back of the camera is opened. The camera is provided with a synchronizer for operation with a flash lamp.
The camera is outfitted with lens ARSAT C. The lens focal length is 80 mm, the relative aperture is L2.8, the diaphragm setting limit is 22. The lens is provided with the special multilayer coating (MC) which upgrades the image quality, enhances its contrast due to better integral transparence and reduced light dispersion of the lens.
Provision is made in the camera for the use of change lenses produced for the KIEV-6C camera. Change lenses of the PENTACON SIX camera can also be used. The lenses are bayonet-attached and are fixed in position with a captive nut. Besides the TTL prismatic view finder the camera complete
set comprises a view finder hood.
The view finder hood enables the picture to be viewed on the ground glass with or without a magnifying lens and allows the use of the frame view finder for viewing. The field of vision
of the view finder hood measures 53x53 mm.
Magnification of the prismatic finder eyepiece is 2.5x, the field of vision measures 49x51.5 mm. The field of vision sketch when operating with changeable view finders is shown in the Figure.
The eyepiece design allows for application of diopter lenses. To install the diopter lens undo the clamping ring of eyepiece 39, set into the fitting socket a tens of 16 mm in diameter and fasten it by the clamping ring.
||The exposure time meter with light indication determining the exposure time
by the light which have passed through the lens is located in the housing of the prismatic view finder.
Advantage and convenience of the TTL measurement system is in automatic control of all factors affecting the value of the exposure time. The zone
of measurement of the exposure time
meter is in the central part of the view
finder field of vision and has an oval shape ( see the Figure ).
The exposure time meter ensures measurements in the range of brightness from 2 to 16 000
cd/m2, in this case the following values should be
taken into account: film-in-use speed (6 to 3200 units of ISO), exposure
time (1/1000 to 8 s) and diaphragm (1.4 ... 32).
||A battery with initial voltage of 4 to 4.5 V
(dia. 11.6 mm, length 16.2 mm) is used as a power source of the exposure time meter. The battery may
comprise, for example, three cells type PX675, RM675 or MS
2. LIST OF STANDARD EQUIPMENT
|Camera with lens ARSAT C 2.8/80, prismatic view finder TTL
|with eye shade and spool (set)
View finder hood
Y4)-IN (UV-1") or 0-2,8" (0-2.8")
20 mm long
40 mm long
Lens front cap
Lens rear cap
Blind cap for camera . . . .
Direct-type view finder cap . .
Carrying (shoulder) strap
Instructions for Use
3. CAMERA PRINCIPAL UNITS AND PARTS
||1 - shutter cocking lever;
2 - prismatic view finder TTL;
3 - straight thread fastening socket;
4 - release button;
5 - button for fastening the strap;
6 - lens-locking-in-position captive nut;
7 - housing;
8 - lens;
9 - arm fastening socket for flashlamp;
||10 - film-in-use speed scale;
11 - frame counter window;
12 -• view finder lock button;
13 - diaphragm scale;
14 - diaphragm scale for determining
depth of field;
15 - distance scale;
||16 - exposure time knob;
17 - back;
18 - centre for fitting take-up spool;
19 - centre for filling film spool;
||20 - depth-of-field control lever;
21 - tripod socket;
22 - take-up spool lock;
23 - replaceable eye shade;
24 - delivery spool lock;.
25 - back lock.
4. OPERATING PROCEDURE
The camera can be loaded in the light (preferably in the shadow). Take the camera out of the carrying case. Open back 17 having preliminarily shifted along the arrow up to the stop and depressed button 25 located on the lower cover.
||Pull locks 22 and 24 by the clips, turn them counterclockwise
and fix, this will bring centres 18 and 19 down.
Insert the take-up spool into the right hand chamber of the camera so that
the upper centre carrier fits its slot. Holding the spool, introduce lower
centre 18 into its hole turning lock 22
Tear the paper tag off the leader end. Insert the spool with a film into the left-hand chamber of the camera so that the carrier of the upper centre
enters the spool slot. Holding the spool and leader by a hand to prevent them against unfolding, put lower centre 19 into the spool hole, turning lock 24 clockwise.
Thread the leader end into the take-up spool and turning the latter wind the leader onto it until the mark on the leader aligns with the red index on the camera housing. To obtain the full specified number of pictures on the film and to ensure operation of the frame counter observe the following rules:
when loading wind the leader tightly on the take-up spool; take measures against leader skewness, creeping over the spool flange or crumpling leader edges; cocking the shutter, take care to bring the lever to the stop in one motion (do not cock the shutter, making several small turns of the lever). Close the back pressing it to the camera until a click is heard.
4.2. Preparing for Shooting
Make three blank shots to wind the leader onto the take-up spool. Now after the shutter is cocked the next time figure "l" will appear in frame counter window 11 which corresponds to the first frame on the film. Set the film-in-use speed on scale 10, proceeding as follows: holding lever 1, turn the disk until the loaded film speed value appears in the window. The film speed scale is given in units of ISO.
||Shooting with the camera consists of the following steps:
shutter cocking and film transport; determining the exposure time (shutter
speed and diaphragm);
exposure time setting;
Cock the shutter, turning lever 1 up to the stop. If the shutter is cocked fully, the lever will automatically return to the initial position, if not, it will remain in an intermediate position (in this case it should be additionally cocked). An incomplete cocking of the shutter should be avoided. At the beginning of cocking (he shutter a slight gradient of force applied to the lever may be fell. In cocking the shutter the film is wound through
one frame and the next number appears in the frame counter window. The counter indicates the number of frames shot.
Determination of the exposure time is carried out with the shutter being cocked.
||For determining the exposure time set on the calculator the speed of the film
loaded into the camera turning knob 31 until the film speed value in units
of ISO appears in window 32.
Note: In connection with the introduction of a new series of the film
sensitivity numbers expressed in units of GOST/ISO it is essential to use the Table given below in setting the
film sensitivity_ values on the calculator.
Set on the calculator the lens speed turning scale 29 unlit the appropriate value coincides with index 30.
|Film sensitivity number
of photographic material being used
||5: 6; 8
||10; 12; t6
||20; 25; 32
||40; 50; 64
||80; 100; 125
||160; 200; 250
||320; 400; 500
||640; 800; 1000
||1250; 1600; 2000
||2500; 3200; 4000
The lens speed means the number corresponding to the maximum relative aperture. For example, for lens ARSAT C - 2.8.
For determining the "exposure-diaphragm" pair corresponding to the
shooting conditions do the following procedures:
turn on the exposure time meter having depressed key 35 in the direction indicated by the arrow. Upon turning
on, release the key.
||The exposure meter will operate for 15s, then it
will automatically turn off;
observing through view finder eyepiece 39 sight the camera onto (he object of
shooting so that its image will arrange in the ranges of the zone of measurement of the view finder;
in the field of vision of the view finder eyepiece You will see one of red
lighting signals: the left-hand signal - "little light" or the right-hand -
|| Slowly turn ring 26 up to the moment of lighting of the second signal (if the left-hand signal is lit
- counterclockwise, if the right-hand clockwise).
Determination of the exposure time is carried out at simultaneous lighting of
the signals; choose (he "exposure-diaphragm" pair which is necessary for shooting on the calculator by
exposure scale 27 and by diaphragm scale 29.
N o t e: In the event of the bright light the light should not be permitted,
as far as possible, to penetrate into the eyepiece. In this instance eye shades 38 and 23 should be used.
Set the chosen "exposure-diaphragm" values on the camera exposure time
knob scale and on the lens diaphragm scale.
Exposures maybe set both with the shutter released and cocked turning knob 16 until the selected number aligns with index 40 on the top cover. Setting of exposures from 1/1000 to 1/60 s with the shutter released requires somewhat more effort than when the shutter is cocked.
Manual exposure "B" setting should be accomplished by turning the knob clockwise only (between shutter speeds 1/1000 s and "B" the ring is locked).
Set the diaphragm, turning ring 13 until the selected value aligns with the index on the stationary ring. The scale is fixed at all diaphragm values.
Focusing either by the ground glass surface, microscreen and wedges or by the distance scale, is accomplished, turning the ring with scale 15. Focusing can be carried out only with the shutter cocked, when the mirror is in the working position and the diaphragm the fully open.
||Depth of field is determined by the distance scale with the aid of additional scale 14. Depth of field can be
checked by the image of the objects details on the ground glass surface in
the field of vision of the view finder, after pressing lever 20 down to the
limit of its travel, then the lens will be diaphragmed to the opening set previously. When released, the lever
will automatically return to the initial position and the diaphragm will fully
||Depending on the definite conditions of the picture shooting, sighting can
be carried out by the use of the view finder hood.
To replace the TTL prismatic view finder by the view finder hood proceed as
turn ring 43 clockwise until it aligns with indexes 42 and
41. Depress buttons 12, lift the TTL prismatic view finder up;
set view finder hood 45 on the guide pins (in so doing make certain that it
is well secured on the camera).
||Open the view finder hood, turning front wall 44 in the direction of the arrow illustrated in the Figure. in its
end position the front wall of the hood is locked and the side and rear walls are automatically folded down.
When lock lever 46 is shifted up, view finder magnifying lens 47 is set to the
Upon completion of shooting with the aid of the view finder hood, press the
view finder magnifying lens wall to the front wall of the view finder until the indexing lever snaps it in, then fold
up the side walls (first left-hand, then right-hand),
then the rear wall, and holding the latter, return the front wall into the initial
In prompt shooting (such as sports photography) the view finder hood can be used as a simple frame view finder. Then window 48 in the rear wall of the view finder hood will serve as one frame and the window in the front wall, closed in the non-working position with cover 49, as the other.
||The cover, when depressed, will turn and lock in the end position.
In shooting with the frame view finder focusing is effected either by the use
of lens distance scale 15 or by the ground glass through the eyepiece. To fold down the frame view finder
depress the wall of view finder magnifying lens 47, in this case cover 49 will return to the initial position.
||After folding down the frame view finder, close the view finder hood as explained previously.
To release the camera shutter, gradually
depress release button 4 up to the stop. During this action the lens will
close the diaphragm, the mirror automatically rises and the shutter operates.
Shooting with exposures in excess of 1/30 s should be performed by the use of the tripod. The tripod socket in the camera is provided with the 3/8"
|| The shutter is released with the aid of the straight thread which is
screwed into socket 3 of the release knob.
4.4. Unloading the Camera
Shooting can be carried out until the "K" letter (end) appears in the frame counter window which indicates that the film is used up. Then it is necessary to wind the remaining paper leader on the take-up spool with the aid of the shutter cocking lever. Since in this position the shutter cocking mechanism is disconnected, the release button may not be depressed each time after cocking.
Upon completion of rewinding (when rewinding is over, the force applied to the cocking lever diminishes) open the back of the camera, move out the take-up spool centre and remove the spool with the used film.
5. REPLACING THE LENS
|| The camera is adapted for the use of interchangeable lenses. To remove the lens turn nut 6 counterclockwise up to
the stop and disconnect the lens from the camera.
When installing the lens, it is necessary to fit it into the camera so that
guide pin 51 of the lens gets into slot 50 on the camera housing. Then
turning the nut clockwise to the limit of its travel clamp the lens on the
|| The following ARSAT C interchangeable lenses
are produced for the KIEV-60 TTL camera:
|Angle of field
||1 : 3.5
||1 : 3.5
||1 : 2.8
||1 : 3.5
6. FLASH PHOTOGRAPHY
||The KIEV-60 TTL camera is provided with the synchro contact
with receptacle 54 for the connection of a flash lamp. To install the flash lamp the
camera complete set is provided with arm 52 which is fixed to the camera housing with the aid of screw 53.
Shooting with flash lamp is performed with exposures from 1130 to 1/2 s.
Close-up photography of small objects (macrophotography)
can be accomplished using rings supplied with the camera in the set of spare parts and
accessories. The use of the rings enables to make shooting at a distance less than 0.6 m which is minimum for the ARSAT C 2.8/80 lens.
The rings are installed as required between the camera housing and the lens similarly to the installation of interchangeable lenses. The rings can be attached together (in which case the distance to the object will be the minimum and make up about 0.3 m).
When operating with the view finder hood and when using the rings, increase the exposure time found with the aid of the exposure meter in accordance with the data given in the Table.
|Designation of ring fitted on the camera, mm
||Coefficient of increase of exposure time
found with the aid of exposure meter
(with lens distance
scale set to 0.6 m)
(both rings together)
During operation with the TTL prismatic view finder influence of the rings on the value of the exposure time is taken into account
8. INSTALLATION AND REPLACEMENT OF POWER SOURCE
Unscrew lid 37 with the help of a coin installed into the slot of the lid.
Set the power source in socket 36 locating it with its plus side to the lid
(on the internal side of the cover mark "+" is engraved).
9. USE OF LIGHT FILTERS
The camera set is provided with light filters used as attachments which can
be screwed into the front part of the lens mount (thread M62x0.75). The achromatic
light filter YD-lx (UV-IX) is used for weakening the effect of ultraviolet rays, for example,
when taking pictures under high mountain conditions, it is also helpful in colour photography.
Light filter 0-2,8X (0-2.8") is orange one, fully absorbs ultraviolet rays. It is
used to obtain a particular contrast in photographing the compositions with clouds, water surfaces, landscapes with noticeable shading of verdure, etc.
The light yellow-green filter 3K3-1,4= (YG-l,4") improves tone reproduction of multicolour objects on high-sensitive
photographic materials with a slight loss of their sensitivity. With medium sensitive
photographic materials the practically correct tone reproduction of multicolour objects is attained.
10. CAMERA UPKEEP
The camera should be handled with care, kept
clean, guarded against jolts, strikes, moisture and abrupt temperature fluctuations.
The camera should be kept in the closed carrying case. The lens should
be closed with the cap and the change view finder attachment should be in the case socket.
The lens should not be removed from the camera, if not necessary, so as to keep dust off the surface of the optical parts. If the camera is stored without
the lens, the aperture in the camera as well as the lens should be closed with caps.
Wipe the surfaces of the optical parts with clean soft cloth or with cotton
slightly wetted in rectified spirit or ether.
When bringing the camera into a warm room from frosty weather do not
take it out of the case at once. Let it warm gradually (for two hours) in the
Do not exert excessive force in manipulating the camera. In case of some
troubles or damage do not attempt repairing the camera by yourself. The camera must be repaired or adjusted
only by specialists.
Important ! The camera curtains are made from light-tight rubberized
fabric and to preserve it against deterioration the following measures should be
taken in shooting in the sun: remove the lens cap and open the view finder hood immediately before
do not direct the camera lens towards the sun;
do not leave the camera in the sun during long-term outage between shootings.