Kiev-60TTL
posted 2-12-'04

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Since efforts are continually made to improve the reliability and performance of the product, minor changes may be introduced without special notice.

CAMERA KIEV -60 TTL

1. GENERAL
The KIEV-60 TTL is a reflex camera with frame size 6x6 cm of the TTL system. The camera is designed for the use of a roll non-perforated photographic film of 61.5 mm in width, type 120 (122 pictures can be taken using this film). It is intended for amateur picture-taking.
The camera operates in the temperature interval from minus 15 to plus 45 °C.
The curtain shutter of the camera provides speeds in the range of 1/1000 to 1/2 s and manual exposure "B".
The shutter cocking mechanism is of the lever type, interlocked with the film-transport mechanism and frame counter.
The camera is focused through a ground glass surface, microscreen and wedges located in the centre of the field of vision of the view finder. The back of the camera is thrown back on a hinge.
The scale of the frame counter returns into its initial position automatically when the back of the camera is opened. The camera is provided with a synchronizer for operation with a flash lamp.
The camera is outfitted with lens ARSAT C. The lens focal length is 80 mm, the relative aperture is L2.8, the diaphragm setting limit is 22. The lens is provided with the special multilayer coating (MC) which upgrades the image quality, enhances its contrast due to better integral transparence and reduced light dispersion of the lens.
Provision is made in the camera for the use of change lenses produced for the KIEV-6C camera. Change lenses of the PENTACON SIX camera can also be used. The lenses are bayonet-attached and are fixed in position with a captive nut. Besides the TTL prismatic view finder the camera complete
set comprises a view finder hood.

The view finder hood enables the picture to be viewed on the ground glass with or without a magnifying lens and allows the use of the frame view finder for viewing. The field of vision
of the view finder hood measures 53x53 mm.
Magnification of the prismatic finder eyepiece is 2.5x, the field of vision measures 49x51.5 mm. The field of vision sketch when operating with changeable view finders is shown in the Figure.
The eyepiece design allows for application of diopter lenses. To install the diopter lens undo the clamping ring of eyepiece 39, set into the fitting socket a tens of 16 mm in diameter and fasten it by the clamping ring.

Picture The exposure time meter with light indication determining the exposure time by the light which have passed through the lens is located in the housing of the prismatic view finder. Advantage and convenience of the TTL measurement system is in automatic control of all factors affecting the value of the exposure time. The zone of measurement of the exposure time
meter is in the central part of the view finder field of vision and has an oval shape ( see the Figure ).
 
The exposure time meter ensures measurements in the range of brightness from 2 to 16 000 cd/m2, in this case the following values should be taken into account: film-in-use speed (6 to 3200 units of ISO), exposure time (1/1000 to 8 s) and diaphragm (1.4 ... 32).
76.

 

Picture A battery with initial voltage of 4 to 4.5 V (dia. 11.6 mm, length 16.2 mm) is used as a power source of the exposure time meter. The battery may comprise, for example, three cells type PX675, RM675 or MS

 

2. LIST OF STANDARD EQUIPMENT
 
Camera with lens ARSAT C 2.8/80, prismatic view finder TTL
 
with eye shade and spool (set)    
View finder hood    
Light filters:
Y4)-IN (UV-1") or 0-2,8" (0-2.8")    
)K3-1,4" (YG-1.4")    
Extension tube:
20 mm long    
40 mm long    
Lens front cap    
Lens rear cap    
Blind cap for camera   . . . .
Direct-type view finder cap   . .
Carrying (shoulder) strap    
Arm    
Lens hood    
Carrying case    
Instructions for Use    
Packing box    
1
1
I
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
 

3. CAMERA PRINCIPAL UNITS AND PARTS

Picture 1 - shutter cocking lever;
2 - prismatic view finder TTL;
3 - straight thread fastening socket; 
4 - release button;
5 - button for fastening the strap; 
6 - lens-locking-in-position captive nut;
7 - housing;
8 - lens;
9 - arm fastening socket for flashlamp;

 

Picture 10 - film-in-use speed scale; 
11 - frame counter window; 
12 -• view finder lock button; 
13 - diaphragm scale;
14 - diaphragm scale for determining
depth of field; 
15 - distance scale;


Picture 16 - exposure time knob; 
17 - back;
18 - centre for fitting take-up spool; 
19 - centre for filling film spool; 

 

Picture 20 - depth-of-field control lever; 
21 - tripod socket;
22 - take-up spool lock;
23 - replaceable eye shade; 
24 - delivery spool lock;. 
25 - back lock.


4. OPERATING PROCEDURE

4.1 Loading
The camera can be loaded in the light (preferably in the shadow). Take the camera out of the carrying case. Open back 17 having preliminarily shifted along the arrow up to the stop and depressed button 25 located on the lower cover.


Picture Pull locks 22 and 24 by the clips, turn them counterclockwise and fix, this will bring centres 18 and 19 down.
Insert the take-up spool into the right hand chamber of the camera so that the upper centre carrier fits its slot. Holding the spool, introduce lower centre 18 into its hole turning lock 22 clockwise.


Tear the paper tag off the leader end. Insert the spool with a film into the left-hand chamber of the camera so that the carrier of the upper centre
enters the spool slot. Holding the spool and leader by a hand to prevent them against unfolding, put lower centre 19 into the spool hole, turning lock 24 clockwise.
Thread the leader end into the take-up spool and turning the latter wind the leader onto it until the mark on the leader aligns with the red index on the camera housing. To obtain the full specified number of pictures on the film and to ensure operation of the frame counter observe the following rules:
when loading wind the leader tightly on the take-up spool; take measures against leader skewness, creeping over the spool flange or crumpling leader edges; cocking the shutter, take care to bring the lever to the stop in one motion (do not cock the shutter, making several small turns of the lever). Close the back pressing it to the camera until a click is heard.

4.2. Preparing for Shooting
Make three blank shots to wind the leader onto the take-up spool. Now after the shutter is cocked the next time figure "l" will appear in frame counter window 11 which corresponds to the first frame on the film. Set the film-in-use speed on scale 10, proceeding as follows: holding lever 1, turn the disk until the loaded film speed value appears in the window. The film speed scale is given in units of ISO.

4.3. Shooting

Picture Shooting with the camera consists of the following steps:
shutter cocking and film transport; determining the exposure time (shutter speed and diaphragm);
exposure time setting;
diaphragm setting;
focusing;
view finding;
shutter release.


Cock the shutter, turning lever 1 up to the stop. If the shutter is cocked fully, the lever will automatically return to the initial position, if not, it will remain in an intermediate position (in this case it should be additionally cocked). An incomplete cocking of the shutter should be avoided. At the beginning of cocking (he shutter a slight gradient of force applied to the lever may be fell. In cocking the shutter the film is wound through
n
one frame and the next number appears in the frame counter window. The counter indicates the number of frames shot.
Determination of the exposure time is carried out with the shutter being cocked.

Picture For determining the exposure time set on the calculator the speed of the film loaded into the camera turning knob 31 until the film speed value in units of ISO appears in window 32.
Note: In connection with the introduction of a new series of the film sensitivity numbers expressed in units of GOST/ISO it is essential to use the Table given below in setting the film sensitivity_ values on the calculator.

 

 
Scale marking,
GOST/ISO
Film sensitivity number of photographic material being used
GOST/ISO (ASA)
DIN
6
5: 6; 8
9
12
10; 12; t6
12
25
20; 25; 32
15
50
40; 50; 64
18
100
80; 100; 125
21
200
160; 200; 250
24
400
320; 400; 500
27
800
640; 800; 1000
30
1600
1250; 1600; 2000
33
3200
2500; 3200; 4000
36
Set on the calculator the lens speed turning scale 29 unlit the appropriate value coincides with index 30.

The lens speed means the number corresponding to the maximum relative aperture. For example, for lens ARSAT C - 2.8.
For   determining the "exposure-diaphragm" pair corresponding to the shooting conditions do the following procedures:
turn on the exposure time meter having depressed key 35 in the direction indicated by the arrow. Upon turning on, release the key. 
Picture The exposure meter will operate for 15s, then it will automatically turn off;
observing through view finder eyepiece 39 sight the camera onto (he object of shooting so that its image will arrange in the ranges of the zone of measurement of the view finder; in the field of vision of the view finder eyepiece You will see one of red lighting signals: the left-hand signal - "little light" or the right-hand - "much light".

 

Picture Slowly turn ring 26 up to the moment of lighting of the second signal (if the left-hand signal is lit - counterclockwise, if the right-hand clockwise).
Determination of the exposure time is carried out at simultaneous lighting of the signals; choose (he "exposure-diaphragm" pair which is necessary for shooting on the calculator by exposure scale 27 and by diaphragm scale 29.

N o t e: In the event of the bright light the light should not be permitted, as far as possible, to penetrate into the eyepiece. In this instance eye shades 38 and 23 should be used.
Set the chosen "exposure-diaphragm" values on the camera exposure time knob scale and on the lens diaphragm scale.


Exposures maybe set both with the shutter released and cocked turning knob 16 until the selected number aligns with index 40 on the top cover. Setting of exposures from 1/1000 to 1/60 s with the shutter released requires somewhat more effort than when the shutter is cocked.
Manual exposure "B" setting should be accomplished by turning the knob clockwise only (between shutter speeds 1/1000 s and "B" the ring is locked).
 
Set the diaphragm, turning ring 13 until the selected value aligns with the index on the stationary ring. The scale is fixed at all diaphragm values.
Focusing either by the ground glass surface, microscreen and wedges or by the distance scale, is accomplished, turning the ring with scale 15. Focusing can be carried out only with the shutter cocked, when the mirror is in the working position and the diaphragm the fully open.

Picture Depth of field is determined by the distance scale with the aid of additional scale 14. Depth of field can be checked by the image of the objects details on the ground glass surface in the field of vision of the view finder, after pressing lever 20 down to the limit of its travel, then the lens will be diaphragmed to the opening set previously. When released, the lever
will automatically return to the initial position and the diaphragm will fully open.

 

Picture Depending on the definite conditions of the picture shooting, sighting can be carried out by the use of the view finder hood.

To replace the TTL prismatic view finder by the view finder hood proceed as follows:
turn ring 43 clockwise until it aligns with indexes 42 and 41. Depress buttons 12, lift the TTL prismatic view finder up;
set view finder hood 45 on the guide pins (in so doing make certain that it is well secured on the camera).


Picture Open the view finder hood, turning front wall 44 in the direction of the arrow illustrated in the Figure. in its end position the front wall of the hood is locked and the side and rear walls are automatically folded down. When lock lever 46 is shifted up, view finder magnifying lens 47 is set to the working position.

Upon completion of shooting with the aid of the view finder hood, press the view finder magnifying lens wall to the front wall of the view finder until the indexing lever snaps it in, then fold up the side walls (first left-hand, then right-hand), then the rear wall, and holding the latter, return the front wall into the initial position.

In prompt shooting (such as sports photography) the view finder hood can be used as a simple frame view finder. Then window 48 in the rear wall of the view finder hood will serve as one frame and the window in the front wall, closed in the non-working position with cover 49, as the other.

Picture The cover, when depressed, will turn and lock in the end position.
In shooting with the frame view finder focusing is effected either by the use of lens distance scale 15 or by the ground glass through the eyepiece. To fold down the frame view finder depress the wall of view finder magnifying lens 47, in this case cover 49 will return to the initial position.

 

Picture After folding down the frame view finder, close the view finder hood as explained previously.
To release the camera shutter, gradually depress release button 4 up to the stop. During this action the lens will close the diaphragm, the mirror automatically rises and the shutter operates. 



Shooting with exposures in excess of 1/30 s should be performed by the use of the tripod. The tripod socket in the camera is provided with the 3/8"
thread. 

Picture The shutter is released with the aid of the straight thread which is screwed into socket 3 of the release knob.


4.4. Unloading the Camera

Shooting can be carried out until the "K" letter (end) appears in the frame counter window which indicates that the film is used up. Then it is necessary to wind the remaining paper leader on the take-up spool with the aid of the shutter cocking lever. Since in this position the shutter cocking mechanism is disconnected, the release button may not be depressed each time after cocking.
Upon completion of rewinding (when rewinding is over, the force applied to the cocking lever diminishes) open the back of the camera, move out the take-up spool centre and remove the spool with the used film.


5. REPLACING THE LENS
Picture  The camera is adapted for the use of interchangeable lenses. To remove the lens turn nut 6 counterclockwise up to the stop and disconnect the lens from the camera.
When installing the lens, it is necessary to fit it into the camera so that guide pin 51 of the lens gets into slot 50 on the camera housing. Then turning the nut clockwise to the limit of its travel clamp the lens on the housing.


Picture  The following ARSAT C interchangeable lenses are produced for the KIEV-60 TTL camera:

 
Lens
Relative
aperture
Focal length,
mm
Angle of field
of vision
Wide-angle
1 : 3.5
30
180'
Wide-angle
1 : 3.5
45
83'
Wide -angle
1   3.5
65
66'
Long-focus
I   2.8
120
36'
Long-focus
1 : 2.8
150
28'
Long-focus
1 : 3.5
250
19'
 
  
6. FLASH PHOTOGRAPHY
Picture The KIEV-60 TTL camera is provided with the synchro contact with receptacle 54 for the connection of a flash lamp. To install the flash lamp the camera complete set is provided with arm 52 which is fixed to the camera housing with the aid of screw 53. Shooting with flash lamp is performed with exposures from 1130 to 1/2 s.

7. MACROPHOTOGRAPHY

Close-up photography of small objects (macrophotography) can be accomplished using rings supplied with the camera in the set of spare parts and accessories. The use of the rings enables to make shooting at a distance less than 0.6 m which is minimum for the ARSAT C 2.8/80 lens.

The rings are installed as required between the camera housing and the lens similarly to the installation of interchangeable lenses. The rings can be attached together (in which case the distance to the object will be the minimum and make up about 0.3 m).
When operating with the view finder hood and when using the rings, increase the exposure time found with the aid of the exposure meter in accordance with the data given in the Table.

Designation of ring fitted on the camera, mm Coefficient of increase of exposure time found with the aid of exposure meter
(with lens distance scale set to 0.6 m)
20 2"
40 3"
60
(both rings together)
3.5"

 

During operation with the TTL prismatic view finder influence of the rings on the value of the exposure time is taken into account automatically. 

8. INSTALLATION AND REPLACEMENT OF POWER SOURCE
Picture
Unscrew lid 37 with the help of a coin installed into the slot of the lid. Set the power source in socket 36 locating it with its plus side to the lid
(on the internal side of the cover mark "+" is engraved).

9. USE OF LIGHT FILTERS
The camera set is provided with light filters used as attachments which can be screwed into the front part of the lens mount (thread M62x0.75). The achromatic light filter YD-lx (UV-IX) is used for weakening the effect of ultraviolet rays, for example, when taking pictures under high mountain conditions, it is also helpful in colour photography.
Light filter 0-2,8X (0-2.8") is orange one, fully absorbs ultraviolet rays. It is used to obtain a particular contrast in photographing the compositions with clouds, water surfaces, landscapes with noticeable shading of verdure, etc. The light yellow-green filter 3K3-1,4= (YG-l,4") improves tone reproduction of multicolour objects on high-sensitive photographic materials with a slight loss of their sensitivity. With medium sensitive photographic materials the practically correct tone reproduction of multicolour objects is attained.

 

10. CAMERA UPKEEP
The camera should be handled with care, kept clean, guarded against jolts, strikes, moisture and abrupt temperature fluctuations.
The camera should be kept in the closed carrying case. The lens should be closed with the cap and the change view finder attachment should be in the case socket.
The lens should not be removed from the camera, if not necessary, so as to keep dust off the surface of the optical parts. If the camera is stored without the lens, the aperture in the camera as well as the lens should be closed with caps.
Wipe the surfaces of the optical parts with clean soft cloth or with cotton slightly wetted in rectified spirit or ether.
When bringing the camera into a warm room from frosty weather do not
take it out of the case at once. Let it warm gradually (for two hours) in the case.
Do not exert excessive force in manipulating the camera. In case of some troubles or damage do not attempt repairing the camera by yourself. The camera must be repaired or adjusted only by specialists.
Important ! The camera curtains are made from light-tight rubberized fabric and to preserve it against deterioration the following measures should be taken in shooting in the sun: remove the lens cap and open the view finder hood immediately before shooting:
do not direct the camera lens towards the sun;
do not leave the camera in the sun during long-term outage between shootings.