Sears KS-1000
AKS Ricoh XR-1
Posted 3-7-'04

This camera manual library is for reference and historical purposes, all rights reserved.
This page is copyright© by , M. Butkus, NJ.
This page may not be sold or distributed without the expressed permission of the producer
I have no connection with any camera company

On-line camera manual library
This is the full text and images from the manual.  This may take 3 full minutes for all images to appear.
If they do not all appear.  Try clicking the browser "refresh" or "reload button" or right click on the image, choose "view image" then go back. 
It should now appear.

If you find this manual useful, how about a donation of $3 to:

M. Butkus, 29 Lake Ave., High Bridge, NJ 08829-1701
and send your e-mail address so I can thank you.
  
Most other places would charge you $7.50 for a electronic copy
or $18.00 for a hard to read Xerox copy.

 

This will help me to continue to host this site, buy new manuals, and pay their shipping costs.   
It'll make you feel better, won't it? 
If you use Pay Pal, use the link below. Use the above address for a check, M.O. or cash.

Back to main camera manual page

CLICK HERE FOR PDF VERSION OF THIS PAGE

TO SECOND SECTION

CONTENTS

Description of parts .................................... ;                                 2
Specifications .............................................................................. 4
How to use your camera ................................................................ 6
1. Inserting and checking the batteries ..................................... 8
2. Loading the film ............................................................... 10
3. Setting the film speed ....................................................... 13
4. Selecting the shutter speed ............................................... 14
5. Meter/shutter "on-off" control ............................................. 16
6. Setting the aperture........................................................... 17
7. The correct exposure ........................................................ 18
8. Viewing and focusing.......................................................... 22
9. Depth of field ..................................................................... 23
10. Infrared photography...................................................... ... 25
11. Holding the camera ............................................................ 26
12. Changing lenses................................................................. 27
13. Using self-timer.................................................................. 29
14. Using auto winder ............................................................... 30
15. Unloading film .................................................................... 30
16. Multiple exposures.............................................................. 31
17. Flash photography .............................................................. 32
18. Trouble shooting your camera .............................................. 35
19. Proper care of your camera .................................................. 37

CONGRATULATIONS 
ou have just purchased a fine camera that will give you many years of picture-taking pleasure. The KS 1000 is a 35 mm SLR camera which assures you of superb optics, outstanding mechanical performance and reliability which will justify your choice for years to come. 

Before using your KS 1000
 Please read this instruction booklet carefully and familiarize yourself with the equipment and its features thoroughly. Your pleasure in using your KS 1000 will be greater if you know your camera properly. DESCRIPTION OF PARTS

1. Film Rewind Knob/Back Cover Lock Release
2. Film Rewind Crank
3. Film Speed Dial (ASA/DIN)
4. Film Speed Lock Button
5. Flash Ready Signal Contact
6. Hot Shoe/Flash Contact
7. Shutter Speed Index Line
8. Shutter Speed Dial
9. Cable Release Socket
10. Shutter Release Button
11. Meter/Shutter "ON-OFF" Index Mark 
12. Film Advance Lever 
13. Battery Check Ring 
14. Exposure Counter 
15. Neck Strap Eyelet 
16. Self-timer Lever
17. Depth of Field Preview Button 
18. Lens Release Lever 
19. Lens Locator Node 

 

20. Focusing Ring 
21. Distance Scale 
22. Depth of Field Scale 
23. F-Stop Ring
24. Aperture Relay Port
25. Sprocket Teeth
26. Multi-exposure Button
27. Multi-exposure Lock Lever 
28. Viewfinder Eyepiece 29. Flash LED
30. Film Rail
31. "X"" Flash Terminal 
32. Film Rewind Shaft 
33. Film Chamber 
34. Battery Compartment Cover 
35. Tripod Socket 
36. Winder Contacts 

 

37. Shutter Release Connection 
38. Film Rewind Release Button 
39. Film Take-up Spool 40. Winder Coupler 
41. Positioning Hole 
42. Back Cover
43. Film Pressure Plate (In the Viewfinder) 
44. Microprism-image Band 
45. Split-image Spot 
46. Exposure Meter Needle 
47. Shutter Speed Indicator 
48. Battery Power Check Mark "C"
49. Aperture Readout Window 

 

  SPECIFICATIONS: Sears KS 1000

CAMERA TYPE........................................................ 35 mm SLR with metal focal plane shutter.

FILM FORMAT ........................................................ 24 x 36 mm

FILM SIZE AND CAPACITY.................................... 35 mm perforated film in 12, 20, 24 or 36 exposures.

STANDARD LENS ...................................................... 50 mm Auto Sears MC f/1.7 (Multi-coated), 5 groups, 6 elements Filter size: 52 mm screw-in type

LENS MOUNT ........................................................... "K" type bayonet with 65° rotating angle

SHUTTER................................................................... Vertically moving Copal FC-523 metal focal plane shutter with speeds from 1 to 1/1000 sec. plus B.

VIEWFINDER.............................................................. Fixed eye-level pentaprism, F-stop, shutter speeds, "B" (bulb), exposure meter needle (also acts as battery checker), shutter speed indicator and battery check mark visible. Viewing magnification 0.88X. Field of view covers 93% of actual picture area.

FOCUSING ............................................................... Diagonal split-image spot in microprism band surrounded by Fresnel field.

EXPOSURE METER .................................................. Three CdS photocells TTL full open metering for center-weighted average light reading coupled to shutter speeds, film speeds and f-stops.

EXPOSURE COUPLING RANGE................................ EV3.5 to 18 (ASA 100 film with 50 mm f/1.7 lens)

FILM SPEED RANGE ................................................ ASA 12 to 3200 (DIN 12 to 36)

EXPOSURE METER POWER SUPPLY ...................... Two 1.5V silver-oxide batteries, Mallory MS76, Eveready S76 or equivalent).

FLASH SYNCHRONIZATION .................................... X Synchronization for electronic flash unit at "B" and 1 sec. to 1/125 sec.

FLASH TERMINAL.................................................... "X" flash terminal. "X" contact (with electric shock prevention mechanism) on hot shoe for cordless elec­tronic flash unit.

FILM LOADING ........................................................ Multi-slit easy loading.

FILM WIND................................................................ Single stroke film advance lever with 135° winding angle (40° play).

FILM REWIND........................................................... Engage film rewind by pressing film rewind button on base of camera.

EXPOSURE COUNTER.............................................. Additive, automatic resetting.

OTHER FEATURES ................................................... Self-timer, Hot shoe, Depth of field preview button, Shutter release lock (with film advance lever) Meter on/off switch (with film advance lever) Battery check ring (around shutter release button) Multi-exposure button, ASA/DIN dial lock Cable release socket Tripod socket

DIMENSIONS ............................................................ (Body only) Width:139.9 mm (5.51 inch),  Height:91.3 mm (3.59 inch) 
Thickness: 48.0 mm (1.89 inch)

WEIGHT .................................................................... (Body only) 550 g (19.59 oz)   

 

HOW TO USE YOUR CAMERA
1. Insert
an Eveready S-76 battery (or equivalent).


2. Load the film.

Pull up the rewind knob to open the film compartment door, drop in the film cartridge and push down the knob, turning it until it drops into place. Insert the end of the film leader into the film take-up spool, making sure the perforations along the film edge are hooked onto the teeth of the sprocket. Close the film compartment door and advance the film and press the shutter button repeatedly until the number "1" appears in the exposure counter window.

3. Set the film speed. Depress film speed lock button and rotate the outer ring of film speed dial until the ASA/DIN number of the film you are using is exactly opposite the index line on outer ring of film speed dial and click stops.

4. Set the shutter speed.

When outdoors in bright or hazy sunlight, 1/125 second is generally suitable for most photographs. When indoors in a well lit room, 1/60 second should be sufficient to capture you subject, depending upon the film you are using.


5. Set the aperture.

Rotate f-stop ring until desired f-stop is opposite the aperture index line. F-stop selected determines amount of light entering the lens.


6.
Focus on your subject.

Rotate the focusing ring until the split image in the slit image spot forms a single image or until the image in the microprism-image band appears sharp.


7. Turn on the exposure meter.

By pulling the film advance lever away from the camera body approximately 1/2 inch.


8. Set the exposure.

Align the exposure meter needle with shutter speed indicator in the viewfinder by turning the aperture ring or the shutter speed dial.


9.
Compose your picture and press the shutter release button. 

1. INSERTING AND CHECKING THE BATTERIES

Remove battery compartment cover by unscrewing it counterclock­wise with a coin.

Place two batteries into the compartment with the plus Q+ side down, as illustrated in the battery holder of battery compartment cover. Make sure that the batteries are correctly placed. If incorrectly plac­ed, the exposure meter needle in the viewfinder will not move at all. Replace battery compartment cover by screwing it clockwise until it stops, but do not force.

 

Tips for Better Results:

·      Before loading, wipe off the surfaces of the batteries with a clean and dry cloth to ensure they are free of fingerprints or stains.

·     When your camera is not used for a long period, remove the batteries and keep them in a cool, dry place.

·      Replace the batteries about once a year.

·      Do not dispose of batteries in fire-they may explode.

Check the power of the batteries after loading them. Turn the battery check ring clockwise until it stops.

If exposure meter needle in the viewfinder swings to battery power check mark "C", the batteries have sufficient power. If the needle doesn't move or stays below check mark "C" the batteries must be replaced. For replacement use Mallory MS76, Eveready S76 or equivalent.

2. LOADING THE FILM

Pull up film rewind knob until back cover snaps open. Then, pull it out ill the way to allow for insertion of the film cartridge. Swing open back cover and place a film cartridge into film chamber. 
Push down film rewind knob to its original position by turning film rewind crank clockwise or counterclockwise so that film rewind shaft engages film cartridge and locks it in place.

 

Insert the film leader into one of the slots in the film take-up spool. To bring the slot into a convenient position, rotate film take-up spool in the direction of arrow with your finger.

 

Rotate film taste-up spool by advancing film advance lever to take up any slack in the film. Be sure film tip is firmly hooked onto film take-up spool and that the holes on both sides of the film are caught by the teeth on the film transport sprockets.

NOTE: The film must pass under the take-up spool when advanced.

Close and press back cover firmly until it snaps shut. Advance film advance lever two or three times, after depressing shutter release button each time, until the number "1" is opposite the index line in exposure counter. As you advance film advance lever, film rewind knob will simultaneously rotate counterclockwise indicating that the film is properly advanced. Your camera is now loaded and ready to go.

Tips for Better Results:
* Always load your camera in the shade or in a poorly-lit place. Never in direct sunlight or other bright light.

3. SETTING THE FILM SPEED

Each type of film, color or black and white, has its own sensitivity to light. This sensitivity is assigned by a numerical value described as a ASA rating (U.S.A. Standard) or a DIN rating (Europe and most other countries). In most cases, both ASA and DIN ratings are imprinted on the film package, as well as the data sheet packed with the film and the film cartridge itself. The higher the film speed rating, the more sensitive the film is to light; that is, less light is required for a proper exposure. The film speed, therefore, is an important element in insuring that the through-the-lens metering system of your camera determines the correct shutter speed and f-stop combinations for a given lighting situation.

Depress film speed lock button and rotate the outer ring of film speed dial until the ASA (or DIN) number of your film is exactly opposite the index line on the outer ring of film speed dial and click stops. For example, if the film is ASA 100, make the correct setting at "100". Take your finger off film speed lock button to lock the film speed setting in the camera. Below is a table of the available ASA/DIN ratings with the numbers represented by the dots shown above them.


Tips for Better Results:


* Each time a film with a new film speed rating is loaded in your camera, the film speed must be set to assure accurately exposed photographs.

4. SELECTING THE SHUTTER SPEED
The shutter controls the length of time the light is allowed to strike the film. The speed at which the shutter opens and closes measured in fractions of a second that correspond to the numbers c shutter speed dial. For example, "1000" is 1/1000 sec., "125" 1/125 sec., "4" is 1/4 sec., "1" is one full second and so on.
 Simply turn shutter speed dial until the desired shutter speed is opposite shutter speed index line.

Generally speaking, when shooting outdoors in bright or hazy sunlight, "125" (1/125 sec.) is suitable for most pictures. When taking your subjects in motion "250" '1/250 sec.) to "1000" (1/1000 sec.) should be used ... faster speeds will "freeze" extremely fast moving subjects (sports, racing cars, etc.) When indoors in a well-lit room, "60" (1/60 sec.) should be sufficient to take your subject, depending upon the film you are using. When in poorly-lit places, or to achieve the maximum depth of field, "30" (1/30 sec.) to "1" (1 sec.) should be used. When set at "B", the shutter will remain open as long as shutter release button is depressed (preferably by a cable release). The "B" setting is used for long night exposures using street lights or electric signs as a light source, or under poor lighting conditions when flash cannot be used.  
 Tips for Better Results:

·     When using slow speeds (below 1/30 sec.) and "B" setting, use a tripod and cable release to minimize camera movement and prevent blurred pictures. Be especially careful to minimize camera movement when using a telephoto lens.

·     Do not set shutter speed dial between marked speeds, but only at a click stop in accordance with indicated speeds.

·      Shutter speed dial does not revolve between "1000" and "B".


5. METER/SHUTTER "ON-OFF" CONTROL

Film advance lever controls exposure meter "ON-OFF" and shutter( release "LOCK-UNLOCK" to protect your camera from unnecessary depletion of the batteries and accidental shutter release when not taking pictures.  pre-advance with two click positions in 20° an 40° angle and 135° advance angle assures faster winding and permit continuous operation for sequence photography. Choose your suitable angle of 20° or 40° pre-advance position. When film advance lever is moved to "ON" position, the electric circuit is switched on and shutter release button is unlocked.



Whenever picture-taking is completed, be sure to move film advance lever to "OFF" position. The electric circuit is switched off an shutter release button is locked.

TO SECOND SECTION