Sigma SA-300

On Line camera manual - Section Five

Back to FIRST section Back to SECOND section Back to THIRD section Back to FOURTH section



To expandable the SA-5's photographing ability, we have developed some innovative accessories which are described in this section.

This accessory permits releasing the camera's shutter from up to 6 feet (5 m) away from in front of the camera  to 9.8 feet (3 m) away if you are 30 degrees to either side.  (Depending on the lens, there may be some restrictions when using it from the left side of the camera.)

Description of Parts

1. Transmit Button
2. Time Delay Selector
3. Transmitting diode
4. Channel Selector (for RS-21 only)

1. Select time delay
     * Shutter will be released 1 second after the transmit button is pressed.
  *** Shutter will be released 3 seconds after the transmit button is pressed.

2. Set the camera's Drive Mode to the "Remote control".
Set to"C1" if you use with RS-11
Set to either "C1", "C2" or "C3" if you use with RS 21. Also set the same channel on the RS-21 by sliding the channel

3. Check that the subject is framed correctly After you set the focus, we v recommend setting the lens switch to MF position.

4. Point the transmitting diode at the camera and press the transmit button.

5. The camera's self-timer light will blink, then the shutter will release.

6. After taking the picture, return the camera's Drive Mode to the normal setting.

The remote controller may not work properly if strong sunlight is shining directly on the camera's remote control sensor.
The camera will switch itself off after about 5 minutes of inactivity while in the remote control mode.
While the built-in flash is charging, the remote control will not operate.

The light entering the viewfinder will effect the exposure system of the camera. Use the finder cap while using the remote controller.

1. Use with Bulb Exposure
If the camera is set on both Bulb Exposure and Remote Control, the first release of the remote controller will open the camera's shutter, and the second release will close it.
While the shutter is open, the "Bulb" indication on the LCD panel will

2. Use with Mirror Up
When the camera's mirror is up, the remote control mark will appear on the LCD panel and remote control sensor will turn on automatically. You can release the shutter by using remote controller. In this mode, you can release the shutter at any channel selector position (C1, C2 or C3).

3. Use with bulb Exposure and Mirror Up
 If the camera is set on both Bulb Exposure and Mirror Up, you can open and close the shutter by using remote controller.

Replacing the remote controller battery 
Use two CR1220 3 V Lithium coin type batteries 
1 ) Remove the bottom cover screw with a screwdriver 
2) Open the bottom cover and replace batteries 
3) Replace the cover and tighten the screw. Be careful not to over tighten. 
4) Check controller operation after replacing batteries.

If you attach the Parorama Adaptor PS-300 onto the film guide before you insert the film, Panorama (stretch type) photography is possible.

(Webmaster: This device will REQUIRE YOU to take a hole roll in panoramic mode.  Remember, every different processor charges a good deal more for the larger panoramic shots.  This is were finding a 12 exposure roll comes in handy.)
1. Open the back cover and attach the PS-300 as shown in the illustration.

The shutter curtain is a very delicate, precision component, which moves at high speed.  It can be easily damaged by touching or pushing it with your finger or the PS-300 while attaching it.  Be careful not to touch it.
2.  Attach the panorama/stretch sticker on the film roll, then insert the film.

You can see the part of the sticker through the film window, so it is easy to check that the camera is set for panaroma photography.  Also, it identifies that the film was used for panorama/stretch photography.

3.  Take pictures in the same way as normal except for framing.  When used with the PS-300, place the subject within the panaroma frame.  The portion of the scene outside of the panorama frame will not be imaged by the film.

If you want to express the feeling of a broad panoramic effect, use a wide angle lens.
4.  After taking panorama photographs, remove the PS-300 as shown in the

1. Panorama photographs cuts off the top and bottom part of the standard film (24X36) which results in an image of 13mmX36mm.  The number of exposures is the same as indicated on the film cartridge.

2. When you develop and print the film taken with the panorama film attachment, be sure the panorama/stretch sticker is attached to the cartridge.  If the picture is printed by normal processing, instead of panorama processing, black areas will be printed on top and bottom of the picture.

3. Once you insert the film you cannot change to standard photography. (without removing the adaptor)

4.  The date and time cannot be imprinted on these pictures.

5.  To avoid any chance of scratching the film or damaging the camera's mechanism, do not drop or bent the PS-300.


The EF-430 super flash is specifically developed for the SA-5. The EF-430 super has many features.

*Auto Zoom Head coverage angle ranges for lenses with focal length between 28 mm and 80 mm.
* Guide Number 43 with head setting at 80 mm. (ISO 100/m)
* Bounce angle up to 125.
* Rear curtain Synchronization.
* 5-step output control in the manual mode.
* Exposure compensation.
* Multi Pulse flashing.
* 3 channel Wireless flash mode.
* FP flash (You can use a shutter speed up to 1/4000 for flash photography.)
* Normal slave and 3 channel Designated Slave Flash mode.

For more details, please refer to the catalogue or instruction book of EF-430 super



The SA-5 has a variety of features. This section provides several tips on which features to use in various photo situations.

What is snapshot photography?  There are many situations where you'd like to take pictures spontaneously without changing setting or modes. Examples include the taking of commemorative pictures with the family, children happily playing, a party scene.  Full automatic mode " * " will provide the best performances.  The camera will automatically select both the appropriate autofocus mode according to the subject and the appropriate exposure.  Using this mode will generally provide excellent results with a minimum of effort.

Use the wide-angle lens for panoramic landscapes or use the telephoto to select a section from the landscape. In both cases, program AE mode is suitable. You can create any effect you like by using the program shift capability. You can choose to give priority either to the aperture which controls the depth of field when using with the wide-angle lens or the shutter speed which prevents camera shake when using with the telephoto lens. If the lighting situation is complicated the 8 segment metering will give you appropriate exposure. The focusing mode should be the AF-S mode. If the subject has very weak contrast or flat contrast such as wide expanses of blue sky or green mountains, use Average Metering mode and also use manual focusing, as it is difficult to autofocus in these situations. In both cases, you may also want to use Auto Bracketing to insure an exposure with optimum

The important points in portrait photography is where to focus and how to control the depth of field. That is why, aperture priority AE mode is appropriate, because you need to control the depth of field for best results. Usually, the subject IS In the center of the picture, so the exposure mode is preferably set to partial metering mode. If you use the autofocus, set the AF mode to AF-S mode and apply the focus lock, since the subject is stationary. Manual focus is better than autofocusing to precisely focus on a particular portion of the subject. If you use the built-in flash, set the Red-Eye reduction mode. Drive Mode should be set to Continuous Shooting.


To photograph a subject in motion, focusing according to the subject speed is the most important factor. The SA-5's AF-C mode will focus continuously and adjust the subject to the best focus. Using the 8 segment metering and shutter speed priority AE mode for exposure is preferable. A high shutter speed of second and continuous shooting mode is ideal for this type of subject.

Focusing is very important and very difficult in Close-up photography. When you take a picture of a flower, autofocusing cannot help you to make the decision to focus on the petals or the tip of stamens. You should focus on the specific point manually.
The exposure mode should be changed according to the lens used. Usually, to obtain a greater depth of field, use aperture priority AK. If you use a tale-macro lens such as 180 mm, or wish to take a high magnification macro, use the shutter speed priority AE mode at the fastest possible exposure to minimize motion. In either case, focus becomes very critical. Check the depth-of-field with the preview function before you release the shutter. The 8 segment metering will compensate for the brightness of the subject and the background. If there is a white flower in the center of a dark background, partial metering allows for a more accurate exposure.


When you take night scenes, the shutter speed is the most important factor. In most cases, the focus ring is set at the infinity position manually and the aperture is set fully open. If you use Full Auto Mode "*" in this situation, the camera will choose the appropriate shutter speed with the aperture wide open. If the shutter speed indicator blinks, you need to use Bulb Exposure. Even for night scenes, 8 segment metering will calculate the correct exposure. In order to avoid shaking when shooting night scenery, the use of a tripod is recommended.




If the Battery mark blinks, the battery is very low and the camera is not operable. Please replace the battery.
If the "Err" and the film mark blinks, film has not been loaded properly.  Please reload the film.
If the film counter blinks, there are less than 3 frames remaining.
If the "End" and the film mark blinks, the film has been completely rewound.
Please open the back cover and remove the film cartridge.
If the "Auto" blinks, you have accidentally set a function other than "selectable function" while using the "*" mode.
If the shutter speed and/or aperture value indicator blinks, subject is too bright or too dark.
If the subject is too bright, use an ND filter to reduce the brightness. If the subject is too dark, use a flash.

If the " UP " is blinking, the camera is now set on the Mirror-Up Mode.
Please reset to the normal setting.

If the flash indicator in the viewfinder is blinking, the camera has determined that the shutter speed is very slow or the subject has strong back lighting and flash is


When you set the focus for a particular subject, there is an area in front of and behind your subject that will also be in focus. This is called the Depth-of-Field.

The Depth-of-Field will increase when:

Using smaller aperture value (larger F-stop number).
i.e. When you take the subject under the same conditions, changing the aperture value from F8 to F22, F22 shows more area in focus.

Using shorter focal length (wide-angle) lens.
i.e. When you take the subject under the same conditions only changing focal length from 50 mm and 28 mm, 28 mm lens shows more area in focus.

Taking the subject at further distance.
i.e. When you take the subject by same conditions only changing the subject distance from 2 m to 5 m, the subject at 5 m shows more area in focus.

If you press the Preview Button, you can check the depth-of-field before releasing the shutter.



Visible light and infrared light have quite different wave lengths. To take an infrared photograph, you will have perform some extra steps as follows.
1 ) Attach the R-60 or equivalent RED filter on the lens
2) Insert the Infrared Film into the camera
3) Set the focus mode to manual focusing mode then focus on the subject manually.
4) Turn the focus ring manually so that the distance scale marking that was previously aligned with the focus index mark is now aligned with the infrared guide mark "R".
5) Set the exposure following the film's instruction.
6) Release the shutter.

The camera's exposure system is designed use with the visible light and it can not be measure the infrared light.

For more detailed information about infrared photography, please refer to the instructions packed with the infrared film.

The position of the infrared mark on the Sigma lenses cased on a wave length for infrared light. Depending on the infrared film, peak sensitivity other then 770 nm may require a slightly different setting. We suggest making extra exposure at slightly different focus setting to the left and right of the mark.


This data back uses a 3V CR2025 Lithium battery.
1. Open the battery compartment cover by inserting the tip of a small screwdriver or similar tool.
2.  Replace the battery. Be sure the (+)  end is up
3. Attach and push the battery compartment cover until snaps and locks. Check to see that numbers are displayed on the Data Panel LCD.

4. If not, press the MODE, SELECT and ADJUST buttons altogether at the same time.

After replacing a data back battery, you need to reset the calendar/clock.

For example, set to the September 18, 1997/20:05 (8:05 PM)
1. Select the Year-Month-Date display by pressing the MODE button.


2. Press the SELECT button. The number for the "YEAR" will blink. 
Then press ADJUST button to set 97.

3. Press SELECT button again. The number for the "MONTH" will blink. 
Then press ADJUST button to set 9.


4. By the same procedure, set the number for the "DATE" to 18. Then press SELECT button again. Resetting of the calendar is now finished.

5. Select the Date-Hour Minute display by pressing the MODE button. Press the SELECT button. The number for the "HOUR" will blink. Then press ADJUST button to set 20.


6. Press SELECT button again. The number for the "MINUTE" will blink. 
Then press ADJUST button to set 05.

7. Press the SELECT button. The number for the "SECOND" will brink. Then press ADJUST button to set 00. The "0" second will not appear on the display window except just on time of setting. At last, press the SELECT button. 
The resetting of the clock is finished.

You can fast forward the number if you keep pressing the ADJUST button. You can not reverse the number, thus, when you are close to the desired number, advance the number digit by digit.


1. The camera is a precision instrument. Be very careful not to bump or drop it.

2. Avoid exposure to extreme high or low temperature or to humidity. Especially, do not leave the camera in the car.

3. Do not use thinner, benzene or other organic cleaning agents to remove dirt or finger prints from the camera body or the lens elements. Clean using a soft, moistened lens cloth or lens tissue.

4. The camera is designed for to be used between approximately 40 and -10 Centigrade.

5. Battery performance decreases greatly in cold temperatures. Keep the battery sufficiently insulated when photographing in cold temperatures.

6. When the camera is brought from a cold exterior to a warm interior, condensation can occur the interior of the camera and cause damage. In such a case, do not use the camera until the temperature of the camera has approached room temperature.

7. In rare instance, the strong static or magnetic field may fool the camera's micro computer. In such a case, please remove the battery from the camera and re-insert to reset the camera.

8. For extended storage, choose a cool and dry place, preferably with good ventilation. Never store the camera in a drawer or cupboard containing naphthalene or camphor as these will have negative effects on the camera.

9. Never touch the shutter or mirror.


1 ) Type of camera:  35 mm focal-plane shutter SLR camera with TTL Auto Focus,
        Auto exposure, Built-in Electronic Flash, and Data back.

2) Usable film:     J135 DX type

3) Picture size:     24x36 mm

4) Lens Mount:     Sigma SA Mount (Fb44 mm)

5) Usable Lenses:     Sigma SA mount lenses


1) AF System:     TTL phase detection system

2) Focus Mode:     AF-P Automatically select the AF-S and AF-C mode according to the subject
                            AF-S Single shot
                            AF-C Continuous shot with focus prediction for moving subject
                            ME Manual Focusing

3) AF working Range:     EV-1-EV 18

4) AF Auxiliary Light:     Automatically projected when necessary peak sensitivity is700nm effective distance range 1m-4 m


1 ) Type:     Eye level fixed pentamirror with condenser lens

2) Focusing screen:     Fixed laser-matte screen with focus frame, spot metering mark and panorama frame

3) Dioptor:     -1 dpt (eyepoint 17 mm)

4) Field of View:     90% (both vertical and horizontal)

5) Magnification:     0.72x (with 50 mm lens at infinity)

6) Viewfinder indication:     Displayed at the bottom of the finder by LCD and LED

    a) Shutter speed
    b) Aperture value
    c) Manual exposure level
    d) Exposure compensation mark
    e) Auto bracket mark
    f) Flash ready indication
    g) Focus information
    h) AE lock indicator

7) Mirror: Quick-return half-mirror


1) Light metering:     TTL multi (8) segment metering
            Spot metering and average metering can be set

2) Exposure mode:  
        P Auto shift programmed AE
        S Shutter speed priority AE
        A Aperture priority AE
        M Manual setting
        * Full auto program AE

3) Metering Range:     EV-1-20 (with 50 mm F1.4 lens)

4) Film speed setting range:     ISO 25-5000 with DX coded film
            ISO 6 - 6400 with non-DX coded film both can be set in 1/3 stop increments

5) Compensation:     + or - 2 EV in each 1/2 stop increments

6) Auto bracket:     + or - 2 EV in each 1/2 stop increments
                Three consecutive shots are taken in sequence 

7) AE lock:     by depressing the Button


1) Type:     All speed electrically controlled vertical-run focal-plane shutter

2) Shutter speed:     1/4000-30 sec. step less in auto move
            1/4000-30 sec. in 1/2 stop increments in manual setting mode
            Bulb shutter
            X-sync is 1/125 sec.

3) Self-timer:     Electrically controlled type, 10 sec. delay time


1) Film loading:     Automatically advances to 1st frame

2) Film wind:     Automatic advance by built-in motor

3) Winding mode:     Single and continuous mode, Approx. 3 frames/sec. (continuous mode)

4) Film rewind:     Auto rewinding starts at end of the film by built-in motor
                            Mid-roll rewind is possible


1) Type:     Built-in, retractable TTL auto flash

2) Guide Number:     11 (ISO 100/meter)

3) Coverage Angle:     Covers 28 mm lens angle of view

4) Others:     Red-eye reduction
                    Daylight Synchronization
                    Slow Synchronization


1) Battery:     One, 6 V lithium battery, Type

2) Battery check:     Indicator on the LCD panel


1) External flash:     Hot-Shoe with Sigma dedicated contacts

2) Back cover:     Fixed type with data back module

3) Remote control:     By optional remote controller RS-21 and RS-11

4) Mirror up:     Possible

5) Preview:     By pressing the button

6) LCD illumination:     For about 6 seconds after pressing the illumination button


1) WxHxD:     147.1 x 94.9 x 65.4 (mm)

2) Weight:     445 g (without battery)

Back to FIRST section Back to SECOND section Back to THIRD section Back to FOURTH section