Sigma SA-5

Fourth section

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SELECTING THE METERING MODE

This camera has three metering modes. To select the metering mode, while pressing the Metering Mode Button turn the A-dial until the desired mode appears on the LCD panel.
 

The camera measures the brightness of the scene by independently measuring each segment and analyzing the correct exposure for the main subject under any lighting situation.
 Even under strong back lighting or complex lighting situations, the camera will give you the correct exposure.

The camera will measure the brightness only inside of the circle as shown in the viewfinder (approx. 9 mm in diameter).
 This mode is suitable when you wish to set the exposure of a portion of the scene and ignore the influence of rest of the scene.4www.butkus.org

The camera will measure the average brightness of the scene.
 This mode is suitable when you wish to take a picture of a flat, low contrast scene or a subject in silhouette against sunlight without trying to compensate for the dark subject. 

 Once you select the Metering Mode, the camera continuously holds that mode until you change the Metering Mode or set the mode dial to "* " mode.

AE LOCK
The camera memorizes the exposure value when you press the AE Lock Button. When the subject is very small or you wish to lock the exposure of a subject off-center, AE lock is very useful. Use of this function with Partial Metering Mode is recommended.
 

1. After you choose the metering mode, t press the shutter button "Half-way" to turn on the exposure indicator.
 

2. Align the subject in the partial metering area.

If the subject is small, move in closer or zoom is on the subject, so it fills the metering area.

3. Press and hold the AE lock button The J viewfinder will alternately indicate " AE-L " and shutter speed when the exposure is locked.
 

If you press and hold the shutter button "halfway-down" while the "AE -L" is indicated, the AE lock will continue even if you remove your finger from the AE lock button.

 

4. Hold the AE lock button while you compose the picture. Then press the shutter button.
 

If you turn either the S-dial or A-dial while the exposure is locked, the combination of the shutter speed and aperture value will change to combinations which give the same exposure (except when the mode is set on M position).

5. After you take a picture, remove your finger from the AE lock button. The " HE-;" indication will disappear and the exposure will unlock.


 AUTO BRACKET
The camera will automatically take three consecutive pictures with different exposure levels. If proper exposure is difficult to determine, use this function.
 
1. Set the mode dial to " AB-ME " position.4www.butkus.org
2. The LCD panel indicates 'Jim" and the L bracketing amount. Turn the S-dial to set the bracketing amount. It can be set in 0.5 stop increments up to 2 stops.

Do not turn the A-dial. If you turn the film speed setting will be changed.

3. Turn the mode dial to the desired exposure mode. On the exposure meter, you can read out the bracketing amount.
 

When you press the shutter button, the camera will take three Consecutive pictures in the following sequence:

 First Frame . . . . . . . . Underexposed 
Second Frame. . . . . . . Appropriate exposure
Third Frame . . . . . . . . Over exposed

 4. Once set the Auto Bracketing is maintained until you set the bracketing amount 0.0 or set the mode dial to the L position.

The exposure compensation will be applied as follows in the camera's 4 modes.
 

P mode:   Both shutter speed and aperture value will be changed. 
S mode:   Only aperture value will be changed. 
A mode:   Only shutter speed will be changed. 
M mode:  Only shutter speed will be changed.
 

If the bracketing amount is out of the range of the shutter or aperture settings the indicator will blink and will show the limiting values. Pictures will use these limit values.

You can use Auto Bracket with Exposure Compensation.

If you set the Exposure Compensation while you set the Auto Bracketing, the bracketing amount will be shifted by the amount of the exposure compensation. You can read the compensation and bracketing amount from the exposure meter. 

If the combined compensation amount is more than 2 stops, the exposure meter will indicate < or >
 

Bracketing amount 1.0 stop with +1.0 stop compensation
 

Bracketing amount 2.0 stops with +1.5 stops compensation


 If you set a small bracketing amount with negative type films, it will have almost no effect on the pictures' appearance.
 
If you use the built-in flash, the auto bracket is overridden. The camera will take a single picture at the correct exposure.

You can combine the auto bracket with self-timer and remote control modes.4www.butkus.org
 
The focusing distance and exposure value is memorized when the shutter button is pressed. If the subject moves or the brightness changes during the 3 exposures, some of the exposures may be misexposed or out of focus.

When the end of the film is reached before three consecutive pictures are taken, please retake the all three pictures after reloading with the new film.
 


EXPOSURE COMPENSATION 
If you want to intentionally overexpose or underexpose the subject, use this function.
 
While pressing the Exposure compensation Mode button, turn the S-dial to set the compensation value. It can be set at 0.5 stop increments from +2.0 stops and -2.0 stops.

The LCD panel shows " + - " when you set the exposure compensation. The compensation amount will be indicated on the exposure meter.
 

Once you set the Exposure Compensation, the camera continuously holds that exposure compensation until you set the compensation amount to 0.0 or set the mode dial to the " * " position.
 

 


 BUILT IN FLASH
 When you set the mode dial on the P. S. A, or M mode, one of three flash modes can be selected. To make your selection, press the flash mode button and turn the S-dial while pressing the button until the desired mode is displayed on the LCD panel.
 

Do not use the built-in flash when the external flash is mounted onto the hot shoe.
 
1. ON MODE The flash will fire normally.
2. RED-EYE REDUCTION FLASH ON mode with Red-Eye reduction flash. See page 29 for more details.

3. WIRELESS FLASH MODE

When you use the optional external flash SIGMA EF-430, wireless flash photography is possible. Please refer to the instruction book of EF-430 for more details.

The Wireless Flash Mode will be cancelled if you set the mode dial to the L position.


 
1. Press the Flash Pop-up Button. The I built-in flash will pop-up and " " will be indicated on the LCD panel.
2. After the flash is fully charged, the flash indicator in the viewfinder will change from blinking to steady.4www.butkus.org

 

 

3. Press the shutter button to take a picture. If the flash is not fully charged, (the flash indicator is blinking) the shutter can not be released.

4. After you finish using the flash, close the flash head by pressing the top part of the flash as shown in the illustration.

Excessive consecutive firing of the built-in flash may cause impairment to the flash component. Do not fire the flash more than 36 times continuously and, after a significant period of continuous firing, rest the flash at east 10 minutes to allow the component to cool. Also, when you use the flash continuously, the grip of the camera will become warm. This Is normal and not a defect.

 

When used with P mode
The camera will select the appropriate aperture value for any background. In bright situations, the camera will calculate the appropriate flash amount to obtain correct exposure for both the subject and background. (Daylight synchronization Flash)
If the subject is too bright or too dark, the aperture indicator will blink and will show limit values. If the subject is too bright, use an ND filter to reduce the brightness. If the subject is too dark, the camera will proceed to take a flash exposure with the aperture wide open.
 

When used with S mode
 When you set the desired shutter speed, the camera will select the appropriate aperture value for the background. The shutter speed will operate between 1/125 and 30 seconds. In bright situations, the camera will work the same as P mode for Daylight synchronization Flash.
If the subject is too bright or too dark, the aperture value indicator will blink and will show limit values. If the subject is too bright, use an ND filter to reduce the brightness. If the subject is too dark, the camera will proceed to take a flash exposure with the aperture wide open.
If you adjust the shutter speed until the aperture value indicator stop blinking, you can get an appropriate exposure for both the subject and background. (Slow Synchronization)
 

When used with A mode
When you set the desired aperture value, the camera will select the appropriate shutter speed for the background. The shutter speed will operate between 1/125 and 30 seconds. In bright situations, the camera will work the same as P mode for Daylight synchronization Flash.
If the subject is too bright or too dark, the shutter speed indicator will blink and will show limit values. If the subject is too bright, use an ND filter to reduce the brightness. If the subject is too dark, set the aperture value to a wider one.  If you adjust the Aperture value until the shutter speed indicator stop blinking, you can get an appropriate exposure for both the subject and background. (Slow Synchronization)

When used with M mode
You can set the desired shutter speed and aperture value. The shutter speed will operate between 1/125 and 30 seconds.
If you adjust exposure until the exposure meter indicates O (zero), the camera will work as for Daylight synchronization Flash or Slow Synchronization.
 
 
MIRROR-UP
If you wish to reduce the camera's mirror vibration. use the mirror-up function.

While pressing the Drive Mode Button, turn the A-dial until the " UP" appears on the LCD panel.
 

When you press shutter button "Half-way", the shutter speed and aperture value will be displayed and the exposure value memorized. As you press the shutter button further, the mirror will move up.
 

To release the shutter, press the shutter button again.

 

The camera will cancel the mirror up mode if the shutter is not released within about 5 minutes of mirror up.
 

Once you set the Mirror Up Mode, the camera continuously holds that mode until you set the mode dial to the L position

To reduce the vibration, you can use the remote controller to release the shutter See the '`Remote Controller" section for more details.


 PREVIEW BUTTON
 
The aperture is always fully opened except at the time of taking the photograph, so that you can look through the viewfinder under conditions of maximum brightness. However, when the preview button is pressed, the aperture closes to the size used for taking the photograph so that you can check the depth of field of the subject in the finder.


 MULTIPLE EXPOSURE
 You can get creative effects by exposing several images on a single frame.

1. To perform multiple exposure function, set the mode dial to AB -ME .
 

("1 E" will appear in right bottom of the LCD.)

 

2. Turn the A dial to set the desired number of exposures in the frame.
 

(Set to "3E" for 3 exposures. Up to 9 exposures can be made on a single frame using this procedure.)

3. Turn the mode dial to the desired exposure mode. 
(except * mode)

Each time you expose, the LCD will show the number of multiple exposure remaining.

When the preset number of multiple exposures is completed, the film automatically advances to the next frame and multiple exposure mode is cancelled.

To cancel multiple exposure mode in mid-operation, repeat steps 1 and 2 so that "CE" is displayed or set the mode dial to the L position.4www.butkus.org
 
 
 When taking multiple exposures on a single frame, you should decrease the exposure value for each exposure using exposure compensation. (page 47).  A general exposure compensation table is shown below. The actual degree of compensation required depends on the shooting conditions and the subject.

Number of multiple exposures Compensation amount
2 exposures -1.0
3 exposures  -1.5
4 exposures -2.0

 
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