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FEATURES OF THE FR 1
The Yashica FR I is highly precision 35 mm SLR camera incorporating the most sophisticated electronic systems that photo technology has to offer, It features
a fully automatic aperture-preferred metering system with a silicon-photo-diode circuit for instantaneous exposure readouts when operated on AUTO. It also
features manual override for those special situations when manual controls are handy, In addition, it maintains all of the advanced electronic features and
systems advantages of the other cameras in the FR Series, including the Contax/Yashica mount for accepting a wide range of Yashica and Zeiss T. lenses.
The FR l's feather-touch electromagnetic shutter release makes possible blur-free pictures, and at the same time permits use of various remote control accessories such as cable switches and the Infrared Controller Set for wireless remote release. In addition, the electromagnetic release system also permits shutter release via the built in release button on the highly advanced RTF 540 electronic flash unit. And when the RTF 540 is used in conjunction with the Yashica Winder, the FR I is capable of sequential flash up to 2 frames per second.
Be sure to look into the countless other advantages of the FR I such as an interchangeable camera back to permit use with the Yashica Data Back, and hook-up with a variety of Contax and Yashica close-up equipment and other accessories.
FR is a licensed trademark of Cine Magnetics, Inc.4www.butkus.org
Description of Parts ............... 10
How to Mount and Remove the Lens 14
Battery Installation , 16
Battery Checking 18
Film Loading 20
Film Rewind 28
Shutter Control Dial 30
Shooting Posture 42
Automatic Exposure 44
Exposure Compensation 52
Manual Operation 58
Flash Exposure 64
Intentional Multiple Exposure 68
Infrared Photography ., 70
"B" (Bulb) Exposure/Release Socket 72
Depth-of-field Preview/Interchanging Camera Backs 74
Depth of Field, 76
Ambient Temperature 78
Camera Care 80
Type: TTL metering fully automatic exposure 35 mm SLR camera.
Standard Lenses: Yashica lens DSB 50 mm f/1.9, Yashica Lens ML 50 mm f/1.7, Yashica Lens ML 50 mm f/1.4, Yashica Lens ML 55 mm f/1.2 (each with automatic diaphragm).
Lens Mount: Contax/Yashica mount Negative Size: 24 x 36 mm4www.butkus.org
Shutter: Electronically controlled horizontal run focal plane shutter. Shutter speeds automatically varied between 4 sec. and 1/1000 sec. at AUTO setting; 1 - 1/1000 sec. manual shutter speed settings. Also bulb setting (B) and flash synchronization setting (^t) Direct X hotshoe and X sync terminal on camera body. Self Timer: Built-in lever type; releases in approx. 7 sec.
Shutter Release: Feather-touch electromagnetic release; release socket on camera body for auxiliary shutter release.
Exposure Meter: TTL aperture-preferred fully automatic exposure control with manual override. Center weighted full aperture light metering via SPA cell.
Exposure Check Button: Push button type with slide lock. Lock releases on film advance lever return.
Exposure Range: Between EV 1 - 18 with f/1.4 standard lens using ASA 100 film.
Exposure Compensation: +2 EV
ASA Film Speed Settings: ASA 12 - 3200
Power Source: 6 V silver oxide battery (Eveready 544, Ucar 544, Mallory PX-28 or equivalent). 4www.butkus.org
Viewfinder: Through-the-lens reflex viewfinder; shows a field of approx. 92% of the actual picture area with an image magnification of 0.87X. Aperture and shutter speeds visible in the viewfinder; pointer exposure indicators, manual control indicator.
Focusing Screen: Diagonal split-image center spot with microprism collar.
Film Advance: 140° single-stroke or multiples stroke film advance lever advances exposure frame, sets exposure counter, charges the electronic shutter and unlocks the exposure check button. Sequential film advance up to 2 fps with optional Yashica Winder unit.
Film Rewind: Via film rewind crank.4www.butkus.org
Back Cover: Standard back opens via film rewind crank; interchangeability with Data Back.
Other Features: Battery confirmation lamp illuminates exposure counter for viewing in the dark, lens release button, depth-of-field preview button, memo holder, multiple exposure capability.
Size and Weight: 142.5 x 87 x 50 mm 660 grams (body only)
DESCRIPTION OF PARTS
1. Exposure Counter/Battery Confirmation Lamp
2. Magnetic Release Button
3. Film Advance Lever
4. Shutter Control Dial
5. Direct X Contact
6. Accessory Shoe
7. Battery Checker Button
8. Exposure Compensation Dial
9. Film Rewind Knob
10. Film Rewind Crank
11. ASA Film Speed Ring
12. Lens Release Button
14 Self-Timer Start Lever
15. Depth-of-Field Preview Button
l6. Aperture Ring
17. Focusing Ring 4www.butkus.org
18. X Sync Terminal
19. Film Rewind Stud
20. Film Chamber
21. Shutter Curtain
22. Viewfinder Eyepiece
23. Sprocket Wheel
24. Exposure Check Button
25. Film Take-Up Spool
26, Release Socket4www.butkus.org
27. Camera Back Release Lug
28) Camera Back
29) Film Pressure Plate
30) Motor Drive Coupling Terminal
31) Tripod Socket
32) Film Drive Coupling
33) Film Rewind Release Button
34) Battery Compartment Cover
35) Memo Holder
HOW TO MOUNT AND REMOVE THE LENS
|How to Mount the Lens
After removing the camera body cap, set the lens in the mount by matching the red dot on the lens barrel with that on the camera body. Then, while gripping the lens barrel firmly, give it a right turn until it self-locks with a click.
The method of mounting is the same with all lenses. Improper mounting will result in poor focus and/or exposure.
How to Remove the Lens
Make sure the battery is installed properly. Without the battery, the shutter system and the exposure control of Your Yashica
FR I will not function.
3 After ascertaining that the battery is installed properly, tighten the battery compartment cover securely.
Always use a 6 V silver oxide (Eveready 544, Ucar 544, Mallory PX-28 or equivalent) or 6 V alkaline (Eveready 537, Ucar 537 or equivalent) battery.
The shutter will not function when batteries are low. To prevent this, check the battery on the following occasions.
The battery conformation lamp also functions to illuminate the exposure counter in poor lighting conditions.
Avoid direct sunlight when loading film. Always use a standard 135 film cassette (12, 20, 24 or 36 exposure load),
 Slide the film advance lever out past the ridge of the camera with your thumb and advance the film slightly until I the sprocket teeth
properly catch the perforations on the edges of the film.
 Fold the film rewind crank out and turn gently in the direction of the arrow to take up film slack.
Before advancing the film, set the shutter control dial either to the "B" or to the flash synch (of) setting. Film wind-on may also be performed on AUTO provided it is done in bright light with the lens cap removed. Otherwise attempts to advance the film on AUTO for film wind-on will be hindered be excessively long exposure.
 Wind the film advance lever and trip the shutter alternately until the exposure counter reaches '1' (The film rewind knob will rotate
counterclockwise when turning the film advance lever if the film is advancing properly.)
When the exposure counter registers the number equivalent to the exposure load of the film in use, avoid advancing the film
forcibly. If the perforations of the film tear or the film pulls away from the cassette, it will become impossible to rewind the film.
 Push in the film rewind release button on the camera base. It is unnecessary to keep this button depressed all the while during film
 Fold out the film rewind crank-handle and turn it in the direction of the arrow. When the crank-handle is turned, the take-up spool will
rotate with an audible signal, indicating that the film is being rewound properly. The crank-handle will rotate freely when the film is rewound
completely into its cassette.
SHUTTER CONTROL DIALS
|For normal shooting purposes, shutter speeds are automatically controlled with the FR I when the shutter control dial set to AUTO. Including AUTO, the dial has the following settings.
Auto For automatic shutter speed control. Autoexposure control with the FR I is aperture-preferred: when you preset the f-number, the camera automatically selects the correct shutter speed. The speed selected by the camera is indicated in the viewfinder by pointer index.1-1/1000 . .
Shutter speed settings for manual control. "M" (manual) indicator will appear in viewfinder when the dial is set to the manual shutter speeds (lighting bolt) flash synchronization . . . Set the dial to this setting to synchronize the camera for use in conjunction with an electronic flash unit. (See page 64.)(B) ....
The "B" (bulb) setting is used for exposures in excess of 1 sec. (See page 72.)
1. Microprism Collar
3. Aperture Scale
4. Aperture Pointer
5. Shutter Speed Pointer
6. Shutter Speed Scale
7. Overexposure Zone
8. Long Exposure Zone
9. Manual Indicator
The viewfinder of your Yashica FR I always gives readings at full aperture for bright and easy focusing. It also gives all of the
necessary exposure information.
The viewfinder shows approximately 92% of the actual picture area in its field. Whatever you see through the finder will be reproduced on the film without fear of head cropping, regardless of which lens you use.4www.butkus.org
This camera features a dual focusing spot for easy focusing which consist of a diagonal split-image center with a microprism collar. (See page 40 for focusing details.)
The figures along the top edge of the viewfinder constitute the aperture scale. When the aperture ring is rotated, the pointer moves to indicate the indexed f-number.· With lenses slower than f/5.6, and when accessories are employed which do not feature automatic diaphragm functions, the aperture pointer does not function and remains stationary at f/1.4. This does not interfere with the camera's automatic exposure controls, however, and shutter speed readings are given as normal.
Shutter Speed Pointer
When the exposure check button is depressed, the pointer at the right of the viewfinder will indicate the shutter speed automatically set by the camera when operated on AUTO. When using manual settings, it gives the recommended shutter speed. (See page 46.)
When the shutter speed pointer climbs to this zone, the picture will be over-exposed. For adjustment, refer to page 46.Long Exposure Zone When the shutter speed pointer is in this zone, light will be sufficient for up to a 4 sec. exposure. (See page 46.)
The "M" (manual) indicator appears in the viewfinder when the shutter control dial is set off of AUTO.
Turn the focusing ring while observing the subject in the split-image center spot, microprism collar or matte area of the
Split-image Center Spot Precise focus is secured when the images in the diagonal split-image center spot are brought into
To obtain good results, it is important that the camera be held steady. Erratic movement of the camera at the critical moment of exposure
constitutes the most common cause of poor (blurred) photographic results. Before attempting to take your first series of photographs,
familiarize yourself with all functional controls. As illustrated, the camera can be held in either horizontal or vertical posture, depending
on your photographic requirement. In either case, support your camera firmly with your left hand, with your left elbow held close against
your body. Avoid gripping the camera body too firmly with your right hand and press the magnetic release button gently.
Your Yashica FR I features fully automatic through-the-lens electronic exposure control. By simply presetting the film speed and lens
aperture, its exposure control system varies the shutter speed continuously according to subject brightness to assure correct exposure
under any light conditions.
 Turn the shutter control dial to AUTO, and set the exposure compensation dial to 1X.4www.butkus.org
 Preselect the lens aperture by setting the required f-number to correspond with the index. The following table serves as a guide for selecting the approximate f-number under different lighting conditions when using ASA 100 film.
|Outdoors under bright sunlight||16, 11, 8|
|Outdoors (overcast)||5.6, 4, 2.8|
|Indoors or night photography||2, 1.4|
 While sighting through the viewfinder, press the exposure check button. If exposure is adequate--between the 1/1000 and 1 sec. shutter
speeds--focus, compose the picture and release the shutter.
As the FR I uses an aperture-preferred automatic exposure control system, shutter speeds may be varied by adjusting the
The following table serves as a guide for preselecting shutter speeds:
|Fast-moving objects||1 /1000, 1/500 sec.|
| Landscape and general
|1/250 1/125 or 1/60 sec|
|Indoor or night photography||1/30 sec. or slower|
Exposure Check Button
n addition to providing instantaneous exposure readings, the exposure check button may also be locked to give longer readings. To lock
the check button, pull the film advance lever out past the edge of the camera to the point where it catches (see illustration) and slide the
check button all the way to the right until it locks. To unlock the button, push the film advance lever all the way in toward the shutter control
For normal shooting, the exposure compensation dial should be set to 1 X. When shooting backlit or spotlighted subjects, or
when special effects are desired, exposure compensation is required.
The exposure compensation scale has four click stop settings (2, 4, 1/2 and 1/4) in addition to 1 X. It can also be used at in-between settings. Operate the dial by rotating it until the required compensation factor aligns with the black index mark. Always remember to return the dial to 1 X when exposure compensation is no longer required.
For Backlit Subjects
Spotlighted Subjects To prevent overexposure of the main subject resulting from the intensity of spotlighting, it is necessary to
reduce the amount of light reaching the film by setting the exposure compensation dial to 1/2 or l/4.
The "1/2" setting reduces the amount of light reaching the film by one-half: Thus a shutter speed of 1/250 is automatically
increased to 1/500 sec.
The "1/4" setting reduces the amount of light reaching the film by one-forth: Thus a shutter speed setting of 1/250 is
automatically increased to l /l 000 sec.
The top photo was made with 1/4 exposure compensation; exposure compensation was not employed for the bottom photo.
The Yashica FR I can also be used on manual for those special occasions when manual control is desired, for flash
synchronization and for long exposures at the B setting. When the camera is operated on manual, the shutter will not function
at in-between shutter speed settings.
 Set the shutter control dial to the desired manual setting. The "M" (manual) indicator will now appear in the lower right-hand portion of the viewfinder.
 Press the exposure check button and then rotate the aperture ring until the pointer indicator aligns with the pre selected shutter speed.
* The correct exposure can also be obtained on manual by pre selecting the lens aperture. In this instance, pre select the f-number and press the exposure check button. Then set the shutter control dial to the reading given by the shutter speed pointer.
When you wish to include yourself in the picture, mount the camera on a tripod and trip the shutter with the aid of the self-timer.
 Advance the film and secure precise focus.
 Shift the self-timer lever on the front-face of the camera body all the way in the direction of the arrow (see illustration).
 Push the self-timer start lever in the direction of the arrow to activate the self-timer. The shutter will be tripped after a delay of approximately 7 seconds.4www.butkus.org
* When using the self timer for shutter release, slide the rubber eyecup over the viewfinder as illustrated to prevent exposure inaccuracy due to excess light entering through the viewfinder. Then, fold the rubber rim of the eyecup down over the finder.
* If the film advance is incomplete, the self-timer will be activated through manipulation of the self-timer start lever but it will not trip the shutter. In such a case, manipulate the film advance lever to complete the film wind.
* If after activating the self-timer you wish to suspend the self-timer exposure, simply reset the self-timer start lever manually to its original position.
* The magnetic release button will function normally even when the self-timer is charged.
Electronic flash units and flash bulbs greatly aid in making correct exposures with night and indoor photography, and are also useful for providing fill-in light for outdoor shooting.
The FR I uses X flash synchronization.
 Slide the flash unit firmly into the camera's accessory shoe. With flash unit's requiring PC cord synchronization, plug the PC cord into
the X sync terminal on the camera body.
 Set the camera's shutter control dial to the flash synchronization (of) setting.
 Focus and then read off the camera-to-subject distance on the distance scale of the lens. The correct f-number in correspondence with
the subject distance may be computed by dividing the flash unit's guide number by the subject distance. For example, at a distance of
5 meters with a guide number of 20 (ASA 100 in meters), the correct f-number is f/4:
GN 20 / 5 (distance in meters) = f/4
* When the guide number is given in feet, see that the flash-to-subject distance is converted to feet.
* The Contax RTF 540 flash unit with a built-in electromagnetic shutter release can also be employed with the FR I. For operating details, refer to the RTF 540 instruction manual.
* When employing flash bulbs, use the synchronization speeds given in the following table.
INTENTIONAL MULTIPLE EXPOSURE
Your FR I is capable of producing unique and interesting multiple exposures on a single frame by employing a special
 Take the first frame in the normal manner.
 Then depress the film rewind release button and give the film advance lever a full wind.
This charges the electronic shutter system without advancing the film.
In case of infrared ray photography using the infrared ray film in combination with the red filter, focus must be secured in the normal
manner and then compensated accordingly in order to obtain sharp images. The Yashica ML and Zeiss
T* lenses feature R index
permitting ready compensation of focus.4www.butkus.org
First, secure focus in the normal manner without using the filter. Then, read off the subject distance and align it with the R index. After
making this compensation, mount the filter over the lens.
Always use the red filter when attempting infrared ray photography.
For correct exposure setting, refer to the instructions accompanying the infrared ray film.
"B" (Bulb) EXPOSURE
"B" (Bulb) Exposure
DEPTH OF FIELD PREVIEW/INTERCHANGEABLE BACKS
The standard camera back can be interchanged with the exclusive data back available as an optional accessory.
DEPTH OF FIELD
|When a lens is focused on a given subject, objects in the foreground and background will appear acceptably sharp in the picture. The extent to which all objects will be reproduced acceptably sharp in the picture is called the depth of field.|
In the photo taken at f/1,4, the foreground and background objects appear blurred.
With a specific lens, the depth of field varies according to the following;
Your Yashica FR I has been tested to function faithfully in ambient temperature ranging from + 45° to--5° C. In extremely low ambient
temperature, however, give utmost precaution to the following matters:
* Do not expose your camera to excessive heat. Never leave it in direct sunlight or in the glove compartment, trunk or on the rear seat shelf of your car. Exposure to excessive heat may adversely affect the film emulsion, battery and/or camera systems and cause exposure inaccuracy. If it is accidentally exposed to heat, leave the camera to cool to normal temperature before attempting to use it.
* Knocks and jolts, as well as exposure to humidity and sea breeze are counted among the common causes of malfunction. To obtain maximum service, take good care of your camera and avoid rough handling.
* Do not keep the shutter charged when your camera is to be left unused over any great length of time. If possible, take the battery out of its compartment.
* Never expose your camera to sudden changes in temperature, because the electrical contacts may corrode, thus causing malfunction due to poor electrical contact.
* Before installing the battery in the battery compartment, wipe both ends with a clean, dry cloth. Oily smears on the battery ends may cause poor contact.
* In case your camera is to be left unused over a great length of time, take out the battery from its compartment.
* When going out on a long trip, take along a couple of spare batteries.
* To avoid hazards, do not attempt to dismantle the battery or to throw it into open fire.