Yashica FR II

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SHOOTING POSTURE

To obtain good results, it is important that the camera be held steady. Erratic movement of the camera at the critical moment of exposure constitutes the most common cause of poor (blared) photographic results. Before attempting to take your first series of photographs, familiarize yourself with all functional controls. As illustrated, the camera can be held in either horizontal or vertical posture, depending on your photographic requirement. In either case, support your camera firmly with your left hand, with your left elbow held close against your body. Avoid gripping the camera body too firmly with your right hand and press the magnetic release button gently.

· For extra steady support, the trunk of a tree or wall of a building or other structure can be used most effectively.

· When using a telephoto lens or when making exposure at a slow shutter speed, the use of a tripod is recommended.


AUTOMATIC EXPOSURE

Your Yashica FR II features fully automatic through the-lens electronic exposure control. By simply presetting the film speed and lens aperture, its exposure control system varies the shutter speed continuously according to subject brightness to assure correct exposure under any light conditions.

[1] Turn the shutter control dial to AUTO, and set the exposure compensation dial to 1 X.

[2] Preselect the lens aperture by setting the required f-number to correspond with the index. The following table serves as a guide for selecting the appropriate f-number under different lighting conditions when using ASA 100film.


Light Condition F-stop
Outdoors under bright sunlight 16, 11, 8
Outdoors (overcast) 5.6, 4, 2.8
Indoors or night photography 2, 1.4

 

[3] While sighting through the viewfinder, slide the exposure check button to the right. If exposure is adequate --between the 1/1000 and 1 sec. shutter speeds--focus, compose the picture and release the shutter.

· For shutter speeds below 1/30 sec. pictures will blur' unless utmost precaution is taken to prevent camera shake. This can be avoided by resetting the aperture ring to a wider lens opening which will give a faster shutter speed.4www.butkus.org

· When shooting at a slow shutter speed is necessary, brace the camera firmly or use a tripod.

· When the pointer is in the overexposure zone, correction can be made by stopping the lens aperture down to give less exposure (i.e., f/8 to f/11 or f/16, etc.). A neutral density filter may also be employed for exposure adjustment.

· When the pointer is in the long exposure zone, unless extend exposure is desired, open the lens aperture (f/8 to f/5.6 or f/2.8, etc.) to obtain a faster shutter speed. Long exposures (up to 4 seconds) may be made in this zone if a tripod is used.


As the FR II uses an aperture-preferred automatic exposure control system, shutter speeds may be varied by adjusting the aperture ring. Check, beforehand, that the shutter control dial is set to AUTO and the exposure compensation dial to 1X.

[1] Depress the exposure check button and check the shutter speed in the viewfinder.

[2] With the exposure check button engaged, turn the aperture ring until the pointer aligns with the desired shutter speed.

The following table serves as a guide for preselecting shutter speeds:

 
Subject Shutter Speed
Fast-moving objects 1/1000, 1/500 sec

Landscape and general outdoor photography

1/250, 1/125 or 1/60 sec.
indoor or night photography 1/30 sec. or slower

  

Exposure Check Button
 In addition to providing instantaneous exposure readings, the exposure check button may also be locked to give longer readings. To lock the check button, pull the film advance lever out past the edge of the camera to the point where it catches (see illustration) and slide the check button all the way to the right until it locks. To unlock the button, push the film advance lever all the way in toward the shutter control dial.

· Once the button has been lock, the film may be wound without disengaging the lock mechanism.

· Always make it a point to unlock the button after setting exposure to avoid excessive battery drain

To prevent battery power drain, make it a rule to switch off the Check Button when in locked position by returning the film advance lever fully each time after exposure checking.

When using some Contax accessories such as the Infrared Control Set, the Check Button should be in the switched "off" position.



EXPOSURE COMPENSATION

For normal shooting, the exposure compensation dial should be set to 1 X. When shooting backlit or spotlighted subjects, or when special effects are desired, exposure compensation is required.

The exposure compensation scale has four click stop settings (2, 4, 1/2 end 1/4) in addition to 1X. It can also be used at in-between settings. Operate the dial by rotating it until the required compensation factor aligns with the black index mark. Always remember to return the dial to 1X when exposure compensation is no longer required.


For Backlit Subjects
When shooting against the light or when photographing subjects against a window or bright snow scene, the main subject will be underexposed. To compensate for this and bring out the details of your subject, set the exposure compensation dial to either "2" or "4".

The "2" setting doubles the amount of light reaching the film:
Thus a shutter speed of 1/250 sec. will automatically lower to 1/125.

The "4" setting quadruples the amount of light reaching the film:
Thus a shutter speed of 1/250 sec. will automatically lower to 1/60 sec.

The top photo was made employing 4X exposure compensation. The bottom photo was made without exposure compensation.


Spotlighted Subjects To prevent overexposure of the main subject resulting from the intensity of spotlighting, it is necessary to reduce the amount of light reaching the film by setting the exposure compensation dial to 1/2 or 1/4.4www.butkus.org

The "1~/2" setting reduces the amount of light reaching the film by one-half: Thus a shutter speed of 1/250 is automatically increased to 1/500 sec.

The "1/4" setting reduces the amount of light reaching the film by one-forth: Thus a shutter speed setting of 1/250 is automatically increased to 1/1000 sec.

The top photo was made with 1/4 exposure compensation; exposure compensation was not employed for the bottom photo.



SELF TIMER

When you wish to include yourself in the picture, mount the camera on a tripod and trip the shutter with the aid of the self timer.

[1] Advance the film and secure precise focus.

[2] Shift the self-timer lever on the front-face of the camera body all the way in the direction of the arrow (see illustration).

[3] Push the self-timer start lever in the direction of the arrow to activate the self-timer. The shutter will be tripped after a delay of approximately 7 seconds.

· When using the self timer for shutter release, slide the rubber eyecup over the viewfinder as illustrated to prevent exposure inaccuracy due to excess light entering through the viewfinder. Then, fold the rubber rim of the eyecup down over the finder.

 


· If the film advance is incomplete, the self-timer will be activated through manipulation of the self-timer start lever but it will not trip the shutter. In such a case, manipulate the film advance lever to complete the film wind.

· If after activating the self-timer you wish to suspend the self-timer exposure, simply reset the self-timer start lever manually to its original position.

· The magnetic release button will function normally even when the self-timer is charged.


FLASH EXPOSURE

An electronic flash unit greatly aids in making correct exposure for night and indoor photography, and is useful for providing fill-in light for outdoor photography as well. The F R l I's accessory shoe is equipped with a direct X contact for X flash synchronization. Only cordless direct X synchronization flash units may be employed.4www.butkus.org

[1] Slide the flash unit firmly into the camera's hot shoe. (There is no hazard of electrical shock as the contact is active only when the unit is properly mounted.)

[2] Set the camera's shutter control dial to the flash synchronization setting.

 

[3] Focus and then read off the camera-to-subject distance indicated on the distance scale of the lens. The correct f-number to accord with the subject distance may be computed by dividing the flash unit's guide number by that distance. For example, at a distance of 5 meters with a guide number of 20 (ASA 100 in meters), the correct f-number is f/4: GN 20 / 5 (distance in meters) = f/4.

· When the guide number is given in feet, see that the flash-to-subject distance is converted to feet.

· For further details on flash photography refer to the instruction manual for the respective flash unit.

· The Contax RTF 540flash unit with a built-in electromagnetic shutter release can also be employed with the FR II. For operating details, refer to the RTF 540 Instruction Manual.

 

"B" (Bulb) Exposure
For exposures longer than one second, set the shutter speed control dial at the "B" setting. As the shutter will remain open for as long as the electromagnetic release button is depressed, always use a tripod to prevent camera movement. Use of the Cable Switch (sold as an optional accessory) is also convenient when shooting at the "B" setting.

Release Socket
The electromagnetic shutter system of the FR 11 makes possible use of the camera with various remote release systems and accessories. For such purposes, a release socket is provided to the right of the exposure check button to serve as an auxiliary release and accessory input terminal. The release socket receives the electrical signals for accessories such as the Infrared Controller Set, assorted Cable Switches, the RTF 540 flash unit's integral release system.


INFRARED PHOTOGRAPHY

In case of infrared ray photography using the infrared ray film in combination with the red filter, focus must be secured in the normal manner and then compensated accordingly in order to obtain sharp images. The Yashica ML and Zeiss T*lenses feature R index permitting ready compensation of focus.

First, secure focus in the normal manner without using the filter. Then, read off the subject distance and align it with the R index. After making this compensation, mount the filter over the lens.4www.butkus.org

· Always use the red filter when attempting infrared ray photography.

· For correct exposure setting, refer to the instructions accompanying the infrared ray film.


DEPTH OF FIELD

When a lens is focused on a given subject, objects in the foreground and background will appear acceptably sharp in the picture. The extent over which all objects will be reproduced acceptably sharp in the picture is called the depth of field.

In the photo taken at f/1.4, the foreground and background objects appear blurred.

The depth-of-field scale on the lens barrel will show the extent of the depth of field at different aperture settings. In case the standard 50 mm lens is stopped down to f/16 and focused at 2 meters, this scale will indicate that all objects within the range of about 1.5 and 3 meters will appear acceptably sharp in the picture.

· With a specific lens, the depth of field varies according to the following;

[1] It increases as you stop down the lens.

[2] It is more extensive in the background than in the foreground.

[3] It is more extensive as you focus on a distant subject.

 

 

Your Yashica FR 11 is tested to provide faithful! function in ambient temperature ranging from + 45° to-s° C. In extremely low ambient temperature, however, give utmost precaution to the following matters:

· A battery which may function properly in normal ambient temperature may not provide the required performance in extremely low temperature. If the battery confirmation lamp fails to come on, replace the battery with a new one or use the battery adapter set available as an optional accessory.

· Avoid exposing your camera to excessive temperature fluctuation.

When your camera is brought into a warm room suddenly after exposing it to cold outdoor temperature or vice versa, small droplets of water may accumulate on the internal mechanism. If left in this state corrosion may set in, causing serious malfunctions. Protect your camera from excessive temperature fluctuation as much as possible.


· Do not expose your camera to excessive heat. Never leave it in direct sunlight or in the glove compartment, trunk or on the rear seat shelf of your car. Exposure to excessive heat may adversely affect the film emulsion, battery and/or camera systems and cause exposure inaccuracy. If it is accidentally exposed to heat, leave the camera to cool to normal temperature before attempting to use it.

· Knocks and jolts, as well as exposure to humidity and sea breeze are counted among the common causes of malfunction. To obtain maximum service, take good care of your camera and avoid rough handling.

· Do not keep the shutter charged when your camera is to be left unused over any great length of time. If possible, take the battery out of its compartment.4www.butkus.org

· Never expose your camera to sudden changes in temperature, because the electrical contacts may corrode, thus causing malfunction due to poor electrical contact.


Precautions
· Before installing the battery in the battery compartment, wipe both ends with a clean, dry cloth. Oily smears on the battery ends may caused poor contact.

· In case your camera is to be left unused over a great length of time, take the battery out of its compartment.

· When going out on a long trip, take along a couple of spare batteries.

· To avoid hazards, do not attempt to dismantle the battery or throw it into an open fire.

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